Questions about Mathematica functionality related to manipulating vector spaces and linear mappings between such spaces. This includes determination of matrix properties, matrix transformations, decompositions, and factoring.

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4
votes
2answers
111 views

Pauli matrices — simplify expressions without printing out the raw matrix

Squaring a Pauli matrix results in the identity matrix. These bits of documentation (weakly, to a Mathematica-newbie like me) imply that some algebraic identities that link the Pauli matrices ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a built-in function to find the adjoint of a matrix?

I've been looking for a function that helps me get the adjoint matrix o a given one, I found that you can get the cofactors of a matrix but only by using the "Combinatorica" package, which I couldn't ...
9
votes
1answer
416 views

How get eigenvectors without phase jump?

I'm using Eigenvectors to get the eigenvectors for some matrixes, but the eigenvectors seems to have some phase jump. Here is an example: Say we have a 2 by 2 ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Why is there a different eigenvector for the same matrix? [duplicate]

I have a matrix that depends on two variables x and y. Matrix[x,y] When I make x=-.25*(1 - 1/3) + .25*(1/3) + .25 y=0 I ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Efficient algorithm to generate a basis for exact diagonalization

The problem is described as follows: I need to generate a basis(matrix) in lexicographic order. For two different basis vector $\{n_1,n_2,\cdots,n_M\}$ and $\{t_1,t_2,\cdots,t_M\}$, there must exist ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Check if a matrix is Positive Semidefinite

I have a question concerning the check whether a given matrix is positive semidefinite or not. In mathematica the function PositiveDefiniteMatrixQ[m] tells me ...
12
votes
2answers
908 views

Find the eigenvector associated with the smallest eigenvalue, not smallest in magnitude

I am trying to find the eigenvector of a $20000 \times 20000$ sparse matrix associated with the smallest eigenvalue. I realized that the smallest eigenvalue might be negative; for example, if the ...
13
votes
1answer
413 views

Why is MainEvaluate being used when LinearSolve can be compiled?

According to this question LinearSolve can be compiled. However, CompilePrint[] shows a call to ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Normalized, symbolic Eigenvectors without abs(), sign() etc

I'm trying to compute the normalized eigenvectors of a matrix M = {{0, 0, 0, 0}, {0, 0, M5, 0}, {0, M5, 0, M4}, {0, 0, M4, 0}} If I try Normalize ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Eigenvalues of matrix not giving imaginary parts

This might be a very simple problem, but I can't seem to figure out why I am getting this. I am trying to find the eigenvalues of the matrix: ...
2
votes
1answer
403 views

Matrix exponential MatrixExp[] vs Sum[MatrixPower[]] doesn't match?

I might be an idiot, but I cannot get the manual expansion of $e^{At}$ to match the MatrixExp[A t] result. For example, I have the following: ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

Reordering numerically calculated eigenvalues assuming smooth dependence on a parameter

As was discussed in a different question here on SE (link) if you compute eigenvalues numerically of a matrix which depends on a parameter y, the resulting plot of ...
27
votes
1answer
3k views

Simplify matrix algebra

I'm trying to simplify some matrix linear algebra, for example, simplify $$\big(a1\times(A1\cdot A2)\big)\cdot\Big(a2\times A3\cdot A4+(a3\times A5)\cdot(a4\times A6)\Big)^{T}$$ where lower case ...
5
votes
1answer
504 views

Generating random symmetric matrix

Suppose first that I want to generate a matrix whose elements are independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) with distribution dist. This is easy: ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Transform linear system into a matrix form

I have a system of linear equations in variables $A_n$ of form: $$ \sum _{k=-K}^K h_k A_{n-k} J_{n-k}\left(\frac{(1-i) \text{$\eta $Sqrt}(n-k)}{\sqrt{2}}\right)+A_n\left(\frac{(1-i) \eta ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Create a random 2×2 matrix with a repeated eigenvalue and single eigenvector

Does anyone have a good technique for creating a random $2\times 2$ matrix that has one eigenvalue of multiplicity two, but only a single eigenvector? And more generally, has anyone written a ...
5
votes
2answers
669 views

How to plot several functions without jumping? (multiple eigenvalues of a system as functions of 2 parameters)

I've been working on this research problem for months with some success by no global/proper solution to the problem. So I have square, Hermitian matrices of various sizes ($8,20,38$ dimensions) with ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Proving positive definiteness or semi-definiteness of a matrix

I have the following 4x4 real symmetric matrix: $K=\begin{bmatrix}3-3w & -\frac{4}{3}+a+2w & \frac{5}{12}+b-\frac{w}{2} & 0\\ -\frac{4}{3}+a+2w & -1-6a-3x & ...
3
votes
1answer
276 views

Principal Components - how to obtain linear transformations?

I have a list "xlsf" with 6 columns and 1200 rows for PCA analysis. The PrincipalComponents[xlsf] gives the following: "The principal components of matrix are ...
8
votes
2answers
554 views

Is there any fast way to solve a quadratic matrix equation in Mathematica approximately?

Let the square nonsingular matrix $M$ is a given convergent matrix. What are the best scalar values for $\alpha$ and $\beta$ (in the real numbers domain), at which the following quadratic matrix ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Can LinearSolve use Parallelize and WorkingPrecision in computation

I am looking for a two things while calculating the large array matrix equation: 1) To increase the precision in simple LinearSolve[] function 2) To find a way to parallelize the computation on all ...
8
votes
1answer
171 views

Possible Method for MatrixExp

Well, probably a hard question, but I think it's better to cry out loud :). I noticed that MatrixExp owns Method option when ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Maximizing the number of zero entries in a matrix

I have a matrix with a bunch of parameters in its entries, they all come in different combinations in different places of the matrix. I can post the matrix itself if requested, but I think what I mean ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Mathematica Lattice Reduce Command

I'm going through a very old copy of "Mathematica: A System for Doing Mathematics by Computer" for self practice. I'm on chapter 3, and ran into the LatticeReduce ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Extract coefficient matrix $A$ from expression $f(x)$

I have expression: $$f(x)=\sum_{i=0}^{K-1}\sum_{j=0}^{N-1}a_{i,j}e^{ix}x^j.$$ I want to extract coefficient matrix $A$ from expression $f(x)$ where $$A=\left( \begin{array}{ccccc} a_{0,0}& ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

$\mathbf L\mathbf D\mathbf L^\top$ Cholesky decomposition

Mathematica can do a Cholesky decomposition $\mathbf A = \mathbf L\mathbf L^\top$, but how do I do a LDL decomposition $\mathbf A = \mathbf L\mathbf D\mathbf L^\top$, with $\mathbf L$ being a unit ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Algebraic Manipulations with Indices

I am absolutely new to Mathematica, but I've heard it is a pretty powerful tool for symbolic calculations. My problem (stated generally): I have three dimensional array. I define a symbolic operator ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

Finding maximal subset of linearly independent functions

I've got a set of functions in one variable. I wish to find the basis of the corresponding spanning set Example: $$\left\{1,\frac{1}{1-\sqrt{x}},\frac{1}{1-x},\frac{\sqrt{x}}{1-x}\right\}$$ may ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

LinearSolve and Krylov Method options

I need to solve a large, sparse, linear system. At some point Method -> "Multifrontal" fails and a bit later also "Pardiso" ...
1
vote
3answers
211 views

Using mathematica to visualise solution of vectors and planes

Im struggling with a question I'm my math book and I wanted to use mathematica to visualise it for me, the problem is that I don't even get something remotely similar to what I was expecting. How here ...
5
votes
3answers
514 views

Verify Cayley-Hamilton Theorem

Consider the matrix: A = {{-1, -4, -2}, {0, 1, 1}, {-6, -12, 2}} Now, the characteristic polynomial is found: ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Anyone knows the algorithm used by NullSpace function?

NullSpace function gives a list of vectors that forms a basis for the null space of the input matrix. When the rank of the input argument matrix $M_{m\times n}$ is ...
4
votes
2answers
67 views

Using LeviCivitaTensor

I have 2 questions about using LeviCivitaTensor, based on the following session: The signs for the cross product seems to come out "opposite" of what I expected. Why is that? Did I miss anything? ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Are there any good mass row/column swapping functions for matrices?

I have the following matrix Keeping the 20 row and 20 column fixed (so the 21st rows and columns because I started at 0)...how do I push each row and column back one spot? I need to push the 0th row ...
5
votes
1answer
123 views

Checking if a symbolic matrix is positive semi-definite

As far as I can tell, there is no way to tell the builtin PositiveSemidefiniteQ about assumptions on symbols. For example, the matrix ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Solving symbolically large system of underdetrmined linear equations

I would like to find matrices 3x3, say A, B, C, such that for all symmetric matrices X, with zero trace, one has: $$AX_1+BX_2+CX_3=0, AX_2=BX_1, AX_3=CX_1, BX_3=CX_1$$ where $X_i$ denotes i-th row (or ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

How do I get Mathematica to evaluate symbolic linear algebra [duplicate]

First of all, I am VERY new to Mathematica. That said...I have defined vectors as: e1=2x-y and e2=x+y (x and y are orthonormal). I also defined the dot products of x and y in Mathematica. I want to ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Forcing solutions to avoid Root[]

I'm solving a system of ordinary non-homogeneous differential equations (4 equations). The solutions will include some algebraic equations solutions as known from text books due to the use of an eigen ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Simplify large fractions

Hi i'm quite new with Mathematica and i'm experiencing some problems with Simplify and FullSimplify. I'm dealing with a sistem ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

How to obtain a convergent solution iteratively for a linear system of equations

I am working on a problem that requires an iterative procedure to solve a linear system of equations, the system of equations in matrix form is: $$\underbrace{\begin{bmatrix} r_{11} & r_{12} ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Row echelon form question

I am wondering if there is a Mathematica command that will put a matrix in row echelon form. That is, put $$ \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 3\\ 2 & 3 & 4\\ -1 & 0 & 2 \end{bmatrix} ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

What is the most efficient method to find a single eigenvector with eigenvalue that is numerically 0?

I need to find an eigenvector of a (numerically calculated) square matrix M corresponding to the eigenvalue 0. The methods I know are ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Creating a random make matrix with a particular rank

Does Mathematica have a built-in function that will return a random mxn matrix with rank r?l
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Inverting matrix with assumptions

I want to invert a matrix that contains some variables, so I thought I should give some assumptions to Mathematica to speed up the process. How do I assume that $s0,...,s8$ are positive constants ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Why can't Mathematica compute the null space of these matrices?

I'm writing a library of functions to work with musical pitch-class vectors. One of my functions gives me a skew-symmetric matrix modulo 12 that corresponds to the differences between components of ...
2
votes
4answers
438 views

Selecting terms containing some expression

Imagine I have an expression like a*k + (a^2)*b*c + b*e and I would like to obtain the term containing, for example, some power of a. In that case I would ...
9
votes
1answer
218 views

$3\times 3 = 6 + \bar{3}$ in Mathematica?

Can Mathematica handle this type of algebra, which is used very frequently in e.g. particle/nuclear physics? That is, I want to decompose a product of representations (in $SU(N)$ say) into irreducible ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Calculating the rank of an abstract matrix

I'm trying to compute the rank of a 4x4 matrix with 4 parameters and 2 variables. I tried to calculate its rank under some assumptions on those conditions and I kept getting rank 4. So I did an ...