Questions on the application of Mathematica to geometric problems. You might also consider adding the [graphics] tag, if appropriate.

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2
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0answers
273 views

Visualising Special Relativity

Mathematica newbie learning by doing (or not so far, in this case). Problem: Special Relativity - consider two inertial frames $A$ & $A'$ in relative motion. At a time $t0$ as measured in $S$, ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Extract coefficients of differential form in package RGTC

I am using the Package RGTC to do some calculations in Supergravity. It allows to define differential forms after specifying a co-frame. I am working in with the 10d coordinates ...
9
votes
2answers
302 views

Counting and extracting hit circles/triangles for randomly chosen points

Below, you see a triangle in which the incircle was inscribed. As we know, the center of this circle is the intersection of the angle bisectors. At this point, one could go further and find the ...
1
vote
1answer
402 views

Plot in a 2-dimensional simplex

I have a row vector as $P=(p_1,p_2,p_3)$ which should be obtained from the following constraints: $a_1p_1 + a_2p_2 + a_3p_3 = b_1p_1 + b_2p_2 + b_3p_3$ ($a_i$'s and $b_i$'s are known) $p_1 + p_2 + ...
25
votes
5answers
1k views

How to plot ternary density plots?

How can I get a ternary density plot just like the plots from OriginLab? ContourPlot and DensityPlot seemingly can solve the ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Return “true” if point is in Convex Hull [duplicate]

I have a set of points Z: Z = {{x1,y1},{x2,y2},..,} I would like to obtain a function that returns ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

Plot a cone in spherical co-ordinates

As we all know in spherical coordinates a function phi = π/3 gives us a cone. The cone makes an angle of π/3 with the imagined ...
6
votes
1answer
383 views

Imposing a Periodic Boundary Condition in Nearest Neighbour Search

I am trying to find first nearest neighbour distributions of randomly dispersed point-like objects in an infinite system. To do this I make a finite sized box unit cell with a chosen concentration of ...
9
votes
1answer
539 views

Uniformly distributed n-dimensional probability vectors

What's the right way to generate a random probability vector $p={p_1,\ldots,p_n} \in {(0,1)}^n$ where $\sum_i p_i=1$, uniformly distributed over the $(n-1)$-dimensional simplex? What I have is ...
11
votes
1answer
669 views

Solving Killing equations

Is it possible to solve Killing equations in Mathematica for a general vector? I am looking for a way to create Killing equations and then find what the vectors are, but I have a problem with this. ...
2
votes
1answer
331 views
1
vote
2answers
119 views

How can I plot the integral of a unit tangent vector? [closed]

The questions states: Let r[t_]:= {E^(-t), 3t^2, 4 Sin[t]} Plot and compare r[t] and the integral of ...
9
votes
4answers
773 views

Plotting an epicycloid

I am fairly new to Mathematica and I cannot figure out how to plot an epicycloid. I have plotted some neat looking things in my attempts, but can't make one. I am not looking to make an animation, ...
11
votes
2answers
446 views

Is there a triangle like this?

I want to find the numbers $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$ of the function $y = \dfrac{a x + b}{c x + d}$ so that the triangle $ABC$ with three points $A$, $B$, $C$ have integer coordinates and lies on the graph ...
4
votes
2answers
159 views

Assumptions for RotationMatrix

I'm making C++ program, and in my program I need a rotation matrix around any vector. I wanted to extract RotationMatrix[fi,{x,y,z}] output and put it in my ...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

Are there built in functions to perform a geometric transform to rotate a set of points around an arbitrary point?

I have a list of points {{4,5},{6,7},{9,8},...} in two-dimensions. I'd like to rotate these points some number of degrees $\theta$ around an arbitrary anchor point ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

Efficiently determining if a morphological component overlaps a polygon with vertices at real number coordinates

I have a list of morphological components $m$, a set of vertices for a polytope $P$ (at real number coordinates), and I'd like to be able to calculate a list of morphological components $m'$ that ...
3
votes
0answers
179 views

Generating an obstacle-avoiding closed-curve with a fixed perimeter and a target area

I was wondering if there was a neat way to solve the following problem in Mathematica v9 - Provided a binarized image (where we call black pixels "obstacles" or vice versa, whichever is most ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

How do I calculate the area of a polygon given its coordinates?

I have a polygon: Polygon[{{0, 200 }, {200, 100}, {500, 300}, {100, 700}}] How can I figure out its area? The docs page does not have any example. So far I've ...
0
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1answer
177 views
0
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1answer
212 views

A problem on generating convex hull

For example, I typed the following: ...
4
votes
4answers
613 views

Identifying and counting closely spaced particles

Following in the footsteps of this blog post: http://blog.wolfram.com/2011/09/09/building-a-microscopy-application-in-mathematica/, I took a microscope picture of some particles on a surface, and ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views
8
votes
1answer
263 views

How to compile Heike's winding number function?

Heike gave the following function for winding number: ...
5
votes
1answer
223 views

Generate regularly spaced points from the surface of simplexes

I need to generate regularly spaced samples (points) from the surface of unit simplexes with 2 or greater vertices or end points. I can generate random samples pretty straightforwardly: ...
1
vote
1answer
317 views

Understanding the computation of the geometric median

In the Wolfram Demonstration Fermat Point for Many Points, it appears that the geometric median is being calculated for an arbitrary set of five manipulable points. How might one extend this ...
10
votes
5answers
497 views

How to choose three points on the circle so that the triangle is not a right triangle?

I want to choose three points $A$, $B$, $C$ has integer coordinates on the circle $$(x+2)^2 + (y+1)^2 = 25$$ so that the triangle is not a right triangle. But I can not. I tried ...
3
votes
2answers
364 views

Create polygon using edge lengths and area

Four-sided convex land plots are usually denoted with edge lengths and area. How do I create a Polygon Object with these parameters in Mathematica ?
8
votes
2answers
670 views

How can I plot a loxodrome?

Can someone show me how to plot a rhumb line (loxodrome) in Mathematica via the ParametricPlot function? Here is what I got so far: ...
0
votes
1answer
322 views

Using LatticeData to fill a space with spheres in a face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice packing arrangement

I have a large sphere of radius $R_1$ which I would like to pack with $N$ smaller radius of radius $r_2<R_1$ arranged in a face-centered cubic (fcc) packing arrangement (i.e. Kepler's optimal ...
6
votes
1answer
627 views

How can I draw a polygon from a set of angles?

In recreational mathematics, polytans are polygons formed by edge-connecting isosceles right triangles. Order-n polytans are those constructed from n such triangles. My question is this: Given a ...
7
votes
4answers
508 views

How can I shorten this code to rotate a line segment around its center?

I have a list of line segments stored in the form: { {{x11,y11},{x12,y12}} , {{x21,y21},{x22,y22}} , ... , {{xn1,yn1},{xn2,yn2}} } Now I want to rotate all of ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

How to judge if a point is in the interior of a closed curve or not? [duplicate]

For example: pts = {{0, 1}, {-(Sqrt[3]/2), -(1/2)}, {Sqrt[3]/2, -(1/2)}}; trig=JoinedCurve[Line[pts], CurveClosed -> True]; Then ...
6
votes
1answer
151 views

Why is FindInstance failing when I relax a set of constraints?

I'm attempting to use FindInstance to generate coordinate sets for plausible triangles with edge length distance constraints. E.g.: ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Is there a fast way to trilaterate a point?

I have a point in 2D or 3D space at an unknown coordinate, $p_0$, and I'd like to determine its position using distances from known coordinates $(p_1, p_2, p_3)$. Beyond using ...
3
votes
2answers
403 views

Triangle mapped on a sphere in $\mathbb R^3$?

How can I map a triangle on an sphere? I want to visualize (plot or animate) it for my student in my Non Euclidean geometry. I have no restrictions on the triangle's kind or on the sphere in $\mathbb ...
0
votes
3answers
220 views

Cover a rectangle with size constrained rectangular regions

I have a big grid (indicated on the image in grey) that is divided in several blocks (each with a maximum width of 3 units). Now I would like to divide a region (indicated on the grid in red) by the ...
6
votes
2answers
350 views

How to punch a hole in some 3D distribution of points

Suppose we have a long list of 3D Cartesian coordinates, defining a distribution of random points in 3D space. How could we remove all the points inside a sphere of radius ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

How to define the tangent gradient operator? [duplicate]

I would like to define a new differential operator that is the tangent gradient for a curve $\Sigma$. This is defined as $$\nabla_\Sigma=\mathbf{P}\nabla$$ where $\mathbf{P}$ is the projection ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculating a minimum bounding box for a set of 3-space coordinates / spheres

I have a set of 3-space coordinates for the atoms of a molecule (I could also transform them into spheres with radii corresponding to the atoms they represent). I would like to place this molecule ...
20
votes
7answers
2k views

Distance between point and line segments

How would you determine the shortest distance between a point and one or more segments? For example, what is the shortest distance between the point and the two segments below? Clearly the point is ...
1
vote
1answer
457 views

Drawing a quadrilateral inscribed within a circle

I would like to draw a quadrilateral inscribed within a circle. How can I construct this figure, taking into account arbitrary (specified) side lengths, while still ensuring that the vertices of the ...
3
votes
0answers
111 views

How can I truncate only a single vertex of a polygon?

One can truncate all the vertices of a polygon at once with Truncate. I want to do exactly that -- but only on a single vertex. Is this possible with Mathematica 9? ...
16
votes
4answers
7k views

Finding unit tangent, normal, and binormal vectors for a given r(t)

For my Calc III class, I need to find $T(t), N(t)$, and $B(t)$ for $t=1, 2$, and $-1$, given $r(t)=\{t,t^2,t^3\}$. I've got Mathematica, but I've never used it before and I'm not sure how to coerce ...
3
votes
1answer
315 views

Turn list of edges into a polygon function

I have a list of coordinates that define the edges of a polygon and I would like to get a function defining the area Inside out if it (The polygon is convex and the points are in order) So that for ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

How to find lattice points on a line segment?

How do I find points on the line segment joining {-4, 11} and {16, -1} whose coordinates are positive integers?
13
votes
5answers
3k views

How to draw a great circle on a sphere?

I apologize for the text description, but new users are not allowed to post images. I want to draw a circle that cuts through the center of a sphere and has an inclination of 15 degrees with the ...
11
votes
6answers
9k views

How to determine the center and radius of a circle given three points in 3D?

I was wondering if anyone could give me a hand with this problem I have. I have six points on a plane, and I am trying to determine if they form a circle or not. I know that any three points in 2D ...
5
votes
2answers
556 views

How to determine the remaining sides given the three angles and one side of a triangle?

The measure of the interior angles of a triangle are $15^\circ$, $30^\circ$, $135^\circ$ and the length of one edge is 3. In order to determine the length of the remaining two edges, I've tried ...
2
votes
1answer
797 views

Using triangulation

I have been presented with 3 known points and the power densities at those points. I need to use those points to find the location of the actual antenna which is generating the signals. Power ...