Questions on the application of Mathematica to geometric problems. You might also consider adding the [graphics] tag, if appropriate.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

20
votes
7answers
2k views

Distance between point and line segments

How would you determine the shortest distance between a point and one or more segments? For example, what is the shortest distance between the point and the two segments below? Clearly the point is ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

How do I calculate the area of a polygon given its coordinates?

I have a polygon: Polygon[{{0, 200 }, {200, 100}, {500, 300}, {100, 700}}] How can I figure out its area? The docs page does not have any example. So far I've ...
38
votes
7answers
4k views

Intersecting graphics

Does the Mathematica graphics system have any concept of intersecting graphics? I've not found much in the documents so far. For example, if I want to show the intersection of two shapes: ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

how to find iso-cost contours on a 2d plot efficiently

Consider a 2D plot in which dimension 1 and 2 represent quantity 1 and 2 respectively ranging over 0 to 100. Each point in the space corresponding to (x,y) represent cost of choosing quantity 1 as x ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

How do I show cross sections of a basic shape using calculus? [closed]

Assume I have an object whose radius is modeled by the function $x^2$. Using calculus and circular cross-sections, the object's volume is given by $\pi\int_a^b(x^2)^2dx$. But given an arbitrary ...
10
votes
2answers
734 views
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Height average between 4 points

I have a $3D$ space, if I had a square in this space: square = {{ 0, 0, 100}, { 100, 100, 50}, { 0, 100, 22}, { 100, 0, 86}}; how could I get the average height ...
0
votes
1answer
296 views

Area of a convex polygon with a set of points [duplicate]

I have a set of points Pts[a_,b_,c_]:={{a, b}, {b, a}, {c, a}, {a, c}, {b, c}, {c, b}} which define a convex polygon and I would like to find its area. There is ...
26
votes
5answers
1k views

How to plot ternary density plots?

How can I get a ternary density plot just like the plots from OriginLab? ContourPlot and DensityPlot seemingly can solve the ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views
17
votes
3answers
619 views

Creating sculptural forms using graphics primitives

This is a question based on this answer by halirutan. Some amazing images can be created with this code, and I was wondering whether it was possible to extend the principle to different shapes. I ...
7
votes
1answer
938 views

How does one draw a parallelepiped in Mathematica?

I'm a bit new to the application, and I'm not sure how to draw a parallelepiped in Mathematica.
3
votes
2answers
509 views
1
vote
1answer
148 views

How to get the dimensions of a rectangle?

Suppose I create a Rectangle of dimensions 1 and 3. Is there any function in Mathematica that I can use to recover the dimensions of the original rectangle? If there is no such a function, is there a ...
2
votes
0answers
286 views

Visualising Special Relativity

Mathematica newbie learning by doing (or not so far, in this case). Problem: Special Relativity - consider two inertial frames $A$ & $A'$ in relative motion. At a time $t0$ as measured in $S$, ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Extract coefficients of differential form in package RGTC

I am using the Package RGTC to do some calculations in Supergravity. It allows to define differential forms after specifying a co-frame. I am working in with the 10d coordinates ...
9
votes
2answers
311 views

Counting and extracting hit circles/triangles for randomly chosen points

Below, you see a triangle in which the incircle was inscribed. As we know, the center of this circle is the intersection of the angle bisectors. At this point, one could go further and find the ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

How to find lattice points on a line segment?

How do I find points on the line segment joining {-4, 11} and {16, -1} whose coordinates are positive integers?
1
vote
1answer
413 views

Plot in a 2-dimensional simplex

I have a row vector as $P=(p_1,p_2,p_3)$ which should be obtained from the following constraints: $a_1p_1 + a_2p_2 + a_3p_3 = b_1p_1 + b_2p_2 + b_3p_3$ ($a_i$'s and $b_i$'s are known) $p_1 + p_2 + ...
5
votes
1answer
226 views

Generate regularly spaced points from the surface of simplexes

I need to generate regularly spaced samples (points) from the surface of unit simplexes with 2 or greater vertices or end points. I can generate random samples pretty straightforwardly: ...
11
votes
2answers
676 views

How to plot a barycentric line

I want to plot a barycentric function on an equilateral triangle (ternary plot). For example f1 = {Abs[Sin[x]], Mod[x, 2], Abs[Cos[x]]}; At the moment I evaluate ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Return “true” if point is in Convex Hull [duplicate]

I have a set of points Z: Z = {{x1,y1},{x2,y2},..,} I would like to obtain a function that returns ...
4
votes
1answer
230 views

Plot a cone in spherical co-ordinates

As we all know in spherical coordinates a function phi = π/3 gives us a cone. The cone makes an angle of π/3 with the imagined ...
12
votes
6answers
10k views

How to determine the center and radius of a circle given three points in 3D?

I was wondering if anyone could give me a hand with this problem I have. I have six points on a plane, and I am trying to determine if they form a circle or not. I know that any three points in 2D ...
9
votes
1answer
565 views

Uniformly distributed n-dimensional probability vectors

What's the right way to generate a random probability vector $p={p_1,\ldots,p_n} \in {(0,1)}^n$ where $\sum_i p_i=1$, uniformly distributed over the $(n-1)$-dimensional simplex? What I have is ...
6
votes
1answer
402 views

Imposing a Periodic Boundary Condition in Nearest Neighbour Search

I am trying to find first nearest neighbour distributions of randomly dispersed point-like objects in an infinite system. To do this I make a finite sized box unit cell with a chosen concentration of ...
23
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I pack circles of different sizes into a spiral?

Given a list of circles of different areas, I need to arrange them tangentially in order of increasing area and spiraling outward. An example of the type of packing I'm attempting is shown by the ...
11
votes
1answer
692 views

Solving Killing equations

Is it possible to solve Killing equations in Mathematica for a general vector? I am looking for a way to create Killing equations and then find what the vectors are, but I have a problem with this. ...
11
votes
2answers
448 views

Is there a triangle like this?

I want to find the numbers $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$ of the function $y = \dfrac{a x + b}{c x + d}$ so that the triangle $ABC$ with three points $A$, $B$, $C$ have integer coordinates and lies on the graph ...
9
votes
4answers
799 views

Plotting an epicycloid

I am fairly new to Mathematica and I cannot figure out how to plot an epicycloid. I have plotted some neat looking things in my attempts, but can't make one. I am not looking to make an animation, ...
4
votes
2answers
161 views

Assumptions for RotationMatrix

I'm making C++ program, and in my program I need a rotation matrix around any vector. I wanted to extract RotationMatrix[fi,{x,y,z}] output and put it in my ...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Are there built in functions to perform a geometric transform to rotate a set of points around an arbitrary point?

I have a list of points {{4,5},{6,7},{9,8},...} in two-dimensions. I'd like to rotate these points some number of degrees $\theta$ around an arbitrary anchor point ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Efficiently determining if a morphological component overlaps a polygon with vertices at real number coordinates

I have a list of morphological components $m$, a set of vertices for a polytope $P$ (at real number coordinates), and I'd like to be able to calculate a list of morphological components $m'$ that ...
3
votes
0answers
181 views

Generating an obstacle-avoiding closed-curve with a fixed perimeter and a target area

I was wondering if there was a neat way to solve the following problem in Mathematica v9 - Provided a binarized image (where we call black pixels "obstacles" or vice versa, whichever is most ...
4
votes
4answers
646 views

Identifying and counting closely spaced particles

Following in the footsteps of this blog post: http://blog.wolfram.com/2011/09/09/building-a-microscopy-application-in-mathematica/, I took a microscope picture of some particles on a surface, and ...
8
votes
1answer
266 views

How to compile Heike's winding number function?

Heike gave the following function for winding number: ...
1
vote
1answer
339 views

Understanding the computation of the geometric median

In the Wolfram Demonstration Fermat Point for Many Points, it appears that the geometric median is being calculated for an arbitrary set of five manipulable points. How might one extend this ...
10
votes
5answers
503 views

How to choose three points on the circle so that the triangle is not a right triangle?

I want to choose three points $A$, $B$, $C$ has integer coordinates on the circle $$(x+2)^2 + (y+1)^2 = 25$$ so that the triangle is not a right triangle. But I can not. I tried ...
3
votes
2answers
374 views

Create polygon using edge lengths and area

Four-sided convex land plots are usually denoted with edge lengths and area. How do I create a Polygon Object with these parameters in Mathematica ?
0
votes
1answer
327 views

Using LatticeData to fill a space with spheres in a face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice packing arrangement

I have a large sphere of radius $R_1$ which I would like to pack with $N$ smaller radius of radius $r_2<R_1$ arranged in a face-centered cubic (fcc) packing arrangement (i.e. Kepler's optimal ...
6
votes
1answer
669 views

How can I draw a polygon from a set of angles?

In recreational mathematics, polytans are polygons formed by edge-connecting isosceles right triangles. Order-n polytans are those constructed from n such triangles. My question is this: Given a ...
6
votes
2answers
351 views

How to punch a hole in some 3D distribution of points

Suppose we have a long list of 3D Cartesian coordinates, defining a distribution of random points in 3D space. How could we remove all the points inside a sphere of radius ...
7
votes
4answers
520 views

How can I shorten this code to rotate a line segment around its center?

I have a list of line segments stored in the form: { {{x11,y11},{x12,y12}} , {{x21,y21},{x22,y22}} , ... , {{xn1,yn1},{xn2,yn2}} } Now I want to rotate all of ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

How to judge if a point is in the interior of a closed curve or not? [duplicate]

For example: pts = {{0, 1}, {-(Sqrt[3]/2), -(1/2)}, {Sqrt[3]/2, -(1/2)}}; trig=JoinedCurve[Line[pts], CurveClosed -> True]; Then ...
6
votes
1answer
151 views

Why is FindInstance failing when I relax a set of constraints?

I'm attempting to use FindInstance to generate coordinate sets for plausible triangles with edge length distance constraints. E.g.: ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Is there a fast way to trilaterate a point?

I have a point in 2D or 3D space at an unknown coordinate, $p_0$, and I'd like to determine its position using distances from known coordinates $(p_1, p_2, p_3)$. Beyond using ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I split up a curve into segments of equal length?

I have a curve that is defined as f[x] and what I'm attempting to do is to divide the curve into equal straight lengths for a number of segments of my choosing that I've defined as nSeg. I've created ...