Questions on the application of Mathematica to geometric problems. You might also consider adding the [graphics] tag, if appropriate.

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7
votes
4answers
592 views

Plotting an epicycloid

I am fairly new to Mathematica and I cannot figure out how to plot an epicycloid. I have plotted some neat looking things in my attempts, but can't make one. I am not looking to make an animation, ...
4
votes
2answers
151 views

Assumptions for RotationMatrix

I'm making C++ program, and in my program I need a rotation matrix around any vector. I wanted to extract RotationMatrix[fi,{x,y,z}] output and put it in my ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Are there built in functions to perform a geometric transform to rotate a set of points around an arbitrary point?

I have a list of points {{4,5},{6,7},{9,8},...} in two-dimensions. I'd like to rotate these points some number of degrees $\theta$ around an arbitrary anchor point ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Efficiently determining if a morphological component overlaps a polygon with vertices at real number coordinates

I have a list of morphological components $m$, a set of vertices for a polytope $P$ (at real number coordinates), and I'd like to be able to calculate a list of morphological components $m'$ that ...
3
votes
0answers
166 views

Generating an obstacle-avoiding closed-curve with a fixed perimeter and a target area

I was wondering if there was a neat way to solve the following problem in Mathematica v9 - Provided a binarized image (where we call black pixels "obstacles" or vice versa, whichever is most ...
0
votes
1answer
197 views
4
votes
4answers
496 views

Identifying and counting closely spaced particles

Following in the footsteps of this blog post: http://blog.wolfram.com/2011/09/09/building-a-microscopy-application-in-mathematica/, I took a microscope picture of some particles on a surface, and ...
8
votes
1answer
248 views

How to compile Heike's winding number function?

Heike gave the following function for winding number: ...
1
vote
1answer
254 views

Understanding the computation of the geometric median

In the Wolfram Demonstration Fermat Point for Many Points, it appears that the geometric median is being calculated for an arbitrary set of five manipulable points. How might one extend this ...
9
votes
5answers
472 views

How to choose three points on the circle so that the triangle is not a right triangle?

I want to choose three points $A$, $B$, $C$ has integer coordinates on the circle $$(x+2)^2 + (y+1)^2 = 25$$ so that the triangle is not a right triangle. But I can not. I tried ...
3
votes
2answers
326 views

Create polygon using edge lengths and area

Four-sided convex land plots are usually denoted with edge lengths and area. How do I create a Polygon Object with these parameters in Mathematica ?
0
votes
1answer
268 views

Using LatticeData to fill a space with spheres in a face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice packing arrangement

I have a large sphere of radius $R_1$ which I would like to pack with $N$ smaller radius of radius $r_2<R_1$ arranged in a face-centered cubic (fcc) packing arrangement (i.e. Kepler's optimal ...
5
votes
1answer
493 views

How can I draw a polygon from a set of angles?

In recreational mathematics, polytans are polygons formed by edge-connecting isosceles right triangles. Order-n polytans are those constructed from n such triangles. My question is this: Given a ...
6
votes
2answers
324 views

How to punch a hole in some 3D distribution of points

Suppose we have a long list of 3D Cartesian coordinates, defining a distribution of random points in 3D space. How could we remove all the points inside a sphere of radius ...
7
votes
4answers
473 views

How can I shorten this code to rotate a line segment around its center?

I have a list of line segments stored in the form: { {{x11,y11},{x12,y12}} , {{x21,y21},{x22,y22}} , ... , {{xn1,yn1},{xn2,yn2}} } Now I want to rotate all of ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

How to judge if a point is in the interior of a closed curve or not? [duplicate]

For example: pts = {{0, 1}, {-(Sqrt[3]/2), -(1/2)}, {Sqrt[3]/2, -(1/2)}}; trig=JoinedCurve[Line[pts], CurveClosed -> True]; Then ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

Why is FindInstance failing when I relax a set of constraints?

I'm attempting to use FindInstance to generate coordinate sets for plausible triangles with edge length distance constraints. E.g.: ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Is there a fast way to trilaterate a point?

I have a point in 2D or 3D space at an unknown coordinate, $p_0$, and I'd like to determine its position using distances from known coordinates $(p_1, p_2, p_3)$. Beyond using ...
12
votes
2answers
928 views

How do I split up a curve into segments of equal length?

I have a curve that is defined as f[x] and what I'm attempting to do is to divide the curve into equal straight lengths for a number of segments of my choosing that I've defined as nSeg. I've created ...
3
votes
2answers
363 views

Triangle mapped on a sphere in $\mathbb R^3$?

How can I map a triangle on an sphere? I want to visualize (plot or animate) it for my student in my Non Euclidean geometry. I have no restrictions on the triangle's kind or on the sphere in $\mathbb ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

How to draw a great circle on a sphere?

I apologize for the text description, but new users are not allowed to post images. I want to draw a circle that cuts through the center of a sphere and has an inclination of 15 degrees with the ...
0
votes
3answers
214 views

Cover a rectangle with size constrained rectangular regions

I have a big grid (indicated on the image in grey) that is divided in several blocks (each with a maximum width of 3 units). Now I would like to divide a region (indicated on the grid in red) by the ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

How to define the tangent gradient operator? [duplicate]

I would like to define a new differential operator that is the tangent gradient for a curve $\Sigma$. This is defined as $$\nabla_\Sigma=\mathbf{P}\nabla$$ where $\mathbf{P}$ is the projection ...
6
votes
2answers
821 views

Calculating a minimum bounding box for a set of 3-space coordinates / spheres

I have a set of 3-space coordinates for the atoms of a molecule (I could also transform them into spheres with radii corresponding to the atoms they represent). I would like to place this molecule ...
1
vote
1answer
410 views

Drawing a quadrilateral inscribed within a circle

I would like to draw a quadrilateral inscribed within a circle. How can I construct this figure, taking into account arbitrary (specified) side lengths, while still ensuring that the vertices of the ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

How can I truncate only a single vertex of a polygon?

One can truncate all the vertices of a polygon at once with Truncate. I want to do exactly that -- but only on a single vertex. Is this possible with Mathematica 9? ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

Turn list of edges into a polygon function

I have a list of coordinates that define the edges of a polygon and I would like to get a function defining the area Inside out if it (The polygon is convex and the points are in order) So that for ...
16
votes
4answers
5k views

How to calculate scalar curvature Ricci tensor and Christoffel symbols in Mathematica?

I am seeking a convenient and effective way to calculate such geometric quantities. I've used packages like TensoriaCalc, but they don't work at all time. ...
3
votes
2answers
499 views

How to determine the remaining sides given the three angles and one side of a triangle?

The measure of the interior angles of a triangle are $15^\circ$, $30^\circ$, $135^\circ$ and the length of one edge is 3. In order to determine the length of the remaining two edges, I've tried ...
2
votes
1answer
780 views

Using triangulation

I have been presented with 3 known points and the power densities at those points. I need to use those points to find the location of the actual antenna which is generating the signals. Power ...
14
votes
3answers
699 views

Approximating an ornamental curve

How do I go about approximating this ornamental curve? Note that the curve has somewhat variable thickness as typical in calligraphy, which I would also like to replicate. The excellent reference ...
10
votes
5answers
602 views

How to plot rectangles aligned by their center?

Supose I have a rectangle which area is $x^2$. In some cases I may not know what is the size of each side, for $x=12,$ we have several possibilites: ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How do I find an equilateral triangle whose vertices have integer coordinates?

In geospace, how do I find coordinates of the vertices of an equilateral triangle whose vertices have integral coordinates? How do I tell Mathematica to do that?
4
votes
0answers
184 views

Unexpected behavior of GeometricTransformation

I have the following mapping on the complex plane: $$ z \mapsto \tau \mu z-1, $$ where $\mu$ is complex, $\tau$ is real number. I want to draw the image of left unit semidisk and play with $\tau$. ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Center of quadrangular

Having 4 points A (ax, ay), B (bx, by), C (cx, cy) and D ...