Questions about Mathematica's functional programming style, including the use of pure functions (Function[], #, &) and functions such as Map, Apply, Nest, and Through.

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54
votes
7answers
2k views

Functional style using lazy lists?

Let's say I want to answer the question "what are the first 400 palindromic prime numbers?" The first approach that comes to my mind from the set of languages that I know is to use some sort of lazy ...
27
votes
12answers
1k views

Map a function across a list conditionally

It seems that this is a really basic question, and I feel that the answer should be obvious to me. However, I am not seeing. Can you please help me? Thanks. Suppose I have a list of data ...
24
votes
3answers
382 views

FoldWhile and FoldWhileList

Mathematica has had NestWhile and NestWhileList for some time. But, to date, it has not implemented a built-in ...
21
votes
6answers
1k views

Can this be written well, without loops?

Inspired by this question I would like to know if the following code can be written without explicit loops (For, While, etc.) in a clean, efficient and non-contrived way. I have been unable to do so. ...
20
votes
1answer
464 views

Prefix operator with low precedence

The question is simple, but I will elaborate on the background as well for those interested in the idea: How to define a new operator with specified precedence value? Background Mathematica was ...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

Programming a numerical method in the functional style

I am new to Mathematica and I would like to learn a bit more about functional programming. At the moment I have assignments like programming different numerical methods (for integration: ...
16
votes
3answers
621 views

Using pure functions in Table

I need a table with the elements made of pure functions and list elements. This is a simplified example: I need a list as: ...
16
votes
1answer
297 views

Are there advantages to using additional arguments of common functions rather than alternative ways of calculating with lists?

(Apologies for the long question title.) One of the interesting, if sometimes confusing, things about Mathematica is that there is always more than one way to do things. Even intermediate users can ...
16
votes
2answers
900 views

Does every Symbol in Mathematica induce a monad?

From my question about types in Mathematica, I assume that every Symbol in Mathematica is a type if it appears as a Head of some ...
15
votes
3answers
611 views

Can someone explain this snippet: (#[#] &)[#[#][#] &]

A friend showed me this snippet of code today: (#[#] &)[#[#][#] &] I can sort of see that we're constructing an anonymous function that takes a function ...
15
votes
2answers
555 views

Going full functional (Haskell style)

I'm trying to define some notation so that Mathematica code would be more functional, similar to Haskell (just for fun): currying, lambdas, infix operator to function conversion, etc.. And I have some ...
14
votes
2answers
625 views

Using a list of tuples in a pure function

I want to use a list of tuples within a function to make assignments. Say I want to make assignments of the form value[i,j] = val What I have is a list of ...
14
votes
3answers
527 views

How can I improve my code for drawing a tree?

This code draws a tree, but it's not in the functional style. ...
13
votes
4answers
639 views

Is there a more elegant and efficient way to write brainf*** style loops in Mathematica?

I'm having some fun writing a brainf*** interpreter in Mathematica. See this wiki article for more info. It works nicely but I'd like to find an elegant, preferably functional, way to handle the ...
13
votes
3answers
261 views

How to keep some of the results of the NestList

I'm using some iterative arithmetics to calculate wave propagation with the help of NestList. I have to use a small step size for iteration to guarantee the accuracy, which lead to too much data (e.g, ...
13
votes
0answers
340 views

How can I trace a functional expression's evaluation visually?

Ok, so the goal is to visualize the execution of this expression foo /@ {3 + 1, bar /@ {1 + 2, {4 + 7}}} in the following fashion using nested rectangles with ...
12
votes
5answers
580 views

What's the cleanest functional-programming style way to perform this list operation?

I am looking for the correct method for accomplishing the unknown piece in the following code snippet: rolls = Tuples[Range[1, 4], {2}] ...
12
votes
5answers
663 views

How to improve this code for solving the “Mr.S and Mr.P” puzzle?

Mr.S and Mr. P puzzle — "Formalization of two Puzzles Involving Knowledge", McCarthy, John (1987) We pick two numbers $a$ and $b$, such that $a\geq b$ and both numbers are within the range ...
12
votes
2answers
466 views

Reproducing nested loops using Map?

I keep producing bits of code like the following: ...
11
votes
4answers
524 views

How to write this without For loop

Suppose I have a few lists of numbers and want to exponentiate element-wise, then sum up everything into a polynomial. For example, if I have ...
11
votes
4answers
272 views

Thread a function over a list and with a non-atomic 2nd parameter?

From the documentation, Thread's behavior on functions where the first parameter is a List and the second is an atomic expression, is this: ...
11
votes
3answers
180 views

Using Through to evaluate complex expressions

Suppose we're given the expression f*g+h, where f,g,h are all pure functions. How can we evaluate this expression on some ...
11
votes
2answers
250 views

From iterative to functional

How to write this small piece in a functional way (ie. without state variables)?: ...
10
votes
5answers
318 views

Transform a list of functions to a composition

How do I apply a list of functions in a nested way? Example: functionList = {f1,f2,f3} RequiredCommand[functionList,Pi] such that the required command returns ...
10
votes
5answers
447 views

How to find first list element that differs from average of N previous elements by more than a given amount?

Given a list of real numbers, I need to write a function that returns the value of the first element in the list that differs from the mean of the previous $N$ elements by greater than $P$ standard ...
10
votes
2answers
446 views

What's the most “functional” way to do Cholesky decomposition?

I can do Cholesky in a procedural style, such as: ...
9
votes
3answers
379 views

What is the most efficient way to map a linked list?

In order to work with lists effectively using common recursive patterns from functional programming, it's often most convenient to worked with the "linked list" representation, that looks like this: ...
8
votes
3answers
340 views

Can this code be written in a more functional style

Referencing this question, I wonder if the following code can be written more concisely using a functional style, i.e. without For loops or ...
8
votes
2answers
216 views

Cases[data,Colon[key,_]] vs. Cases[data,key:_] toward XPath, XQuery

Exploring methods to index and search tree-structured key:value pairs via named-entity index (key paths) as opposed to Position-based indexing. Using Rule as ...
8
votes
3answers
270 views

Map over list of functions

I would like to convert a list of $n$ complex equations to a list of $2n$ real ones. At the moment I am doing it like this: ...
7
votes
3answers
414 views

Rewriting For loop to FoldList or similar

In CrossValidated, the answer to a question on prediction of number of viewers of Gangnam Style is given in R. I have mapped the answer directly to Mathematica: ...
7
votes
2answers
382 views

Feedback on Functional Programming: Propagation of uncertainty

Lately I've been trying to use functional prgramming and tried to implement the gaussian propagation of uncertainty (without correlation) in an elegant way, here is the outcome: ...
6
votes
5answers
247 views

How to nest my own “times” function to get powers

I have a "times" function. I'd like to create a power function using it. It should look like this for an 6th power: ...
6
votes
3answers
334 views

How can I rewrite this with NestList or FoldList?

The original code used For: ...
6
votes
4answers
818 views

Alternatives to While Loops?

I am using Mathematica to run a probabilistic simulation. Essentially, I have a list of members of a population (they only have one, numerical, attribute, so it's just implemented as a list of ...
6
votes
2answers
267 views

Why are we so sure about Map results?

I do abuse it often but when I have faced this feature first time I was really suprised: i = 0; (i++; # - i) & /@ Range[5] {0, 0, 0, 0, 0} What am I ...
6
votes
2answers
162 views

Evaluation in lambda function

If I have a function, that returns a function, for example: f[a_] := a^2 * # & then f[3] == 3^2 # & Is there a way ...
6
votes
1answer
419 views

How to solve this iteration in the functional programming way?

I am trying to come up with a functional programming method to calculate a list of replacements, that depend on previous replacements. Since there is always a finite number of steps, I would like to ...
6
votes
0answers
114 views

What are some general strategies to avoid using For loops? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Iterating over lists in Mathematica While there are some cases where a For loop might be reasonable, it's a general mantra – one I ...
5
votes
7answers
516 views

Better code to find Narcissistic number

My code finding Narcissistic numbers is not that slow, but it's not in functional style and lacks flexibility: if $n \neq 7$, I have to rewrite my code. Could you give some good advice? ...
5
votes
3answers
163 views

All values for a function with two arguments without Outer

Given two lists $l_a = \{a_1, a_2, a_3\}$, $l_b = \{b_1, b_2, b_3, b_4\}$ and some function $f$ accepting two arguments, how can I produce a list of all values $f(a, b)$ for $a\in l_a$ and $b \in l_b$ ...
5
votes
2answers
209 views

Overlapping pure functions

Let say I need and option for Plot: RegionFunction -> (-6 < #2 < 6 &) But I also want those ...
5
votes
2answers
310 views

Variant of the cutting-stock problem in Mathematica

I'm pretty new to Mathematica and am trying to learn to solve problems in a functional way. The problem I was solving was to list the ways in which I could sum elements from a list (with repetitions), ...
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Update a function avoiding infinite recursion

I am quite new to Mathematica and not completely familiar with functional programming. I am currently working with a function (call it foo) and wish to change its behaviour, for example, by adding 1 ...
5
votes
1answer
279 views

What is the most elegant way to specifiy a start case for recursion?

When writing recursive code that computes the least value at which a condition is true and various other scenarios it is often necessary to specify a base case. What I have done to supply this is ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

Composite graphics with Row, Column, data aggregation and layout control

This chromogram shown here represents data (mouse activity patterns during visits) for ~20 physicians in a study, each of which may have a variable number of visits in the study (physicians are color ...
4
votes
4answers
276 views
4
votes
6answers
197 views

Filter list with different list in it

I have a list like: {{{4, 14}, 1}, {{4, 15}, 1}, {{4, 16}, 1}, {{4, 17}, 1}, {{4, 18}, 1}, {{4, 14}, 3}, {4,15}, {{4, 16}, 2},{4,18}} Now I want to ...
4
votes
3answers
339 views

Generate a Combination of letters by a number

I'm trying to write a function f. example: ...
4
votes
4answers
317 views

How to transform Do loop to more efficient codes?

I'm new to Mathematica. Here is my original program: How to rewrite the Do part? ...