Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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54
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference between Reduce and Solve?

Solve and Reduce both can be used for solving equations. Just by working with them, I know there are some differences between ...
50
votes
8answers
2k views

Updating Wagon's FindAllCrossings2D[] function

Stan Wagon's Mathematica in Action (second edition; I haven't read the third edition and I'm hoping to eventually see it), demonstrates a nifty function called ...
27
votes
4answers
6k views

Find eigen energies of time-independent Schrödinger equation

I'm trying to get the eigenvalues of a one dimensional time-independent Schrödinger equation, $-\frac{h^2}{2m_0}\frac{d^2\psi}{dx^2}+U(x)~\psi=Ei~\psi$ where U(x) is some potential and Ei is the ...
26
votes
3answers
11k views

Marking points of intersection between two curves

I'm trying to illustrate the solutions numerically and graphically for an equation such as Tan[x] == x. I think I did everything ok except I wanted to mark each ...
25
votes
1answer
283 views

Solve slower in versions 9 and 10

With some systems of equations, Solve is much slower in versions 9 and 10 than in earlier versions, apparently because it is doing more simplification of the ...
22
votes
8answers
5k views

About multi-root search in Mathematica for transcendental equations

I have some questions for multiroot search for transcendental equations. Is there any clever solution to find all the roots for a transcendental equation in a specific range? Perhaps ...
22
votes
3answers
973 views

Does Mathematica have a built-in tool that allows one to operate on both sides of an equation?

Geogebra has a very neat CAS view that allows one to solve an equation step by step in the following fashion: $\quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad $ You type an equation and ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Using the Krylov method for Solve: Speeding up a SparseArray calculation

I'm trying to implement this Total Variation Regularized Numerical Differentiation (TVDiff) code in MMA (which I found through this SO answer): essentially I want to differentiate noisy data. The full ...
21
votes
1answer
810 views

Bug in Solve (Mathematica 9)

The issue seems to be fixed as of Version 10.1. Just came across the strangest bug under both Mathematica 9.0.0 and 9.0.1. If one enters: ...
20
votes
4answers
3k views

How to get intersection values from a parametric graph?

I have this graphed: ParametricPlot[{2.4*Cos[t] + 1.6*Cos[3 t/2], 2.4*Sin[t] - 1.6 Sin[3 t/2]}, {t, 0, 4*Pi}] It is a star, and the lines cross each other ...
20
votes
6answers
4k views

Finding the intersection of a curve with an interpolation function

There are no issues trying to find the intersection points of two defined curves. ...
19
votes
4answers
886 views

Hightlight all the self-intersections of a Lissajous figure

This graph–also known as a Lissajous figure–contains so many self-intersections.How can I highlight them? ...
19
votes
5answers
16k views

Assign the results from a Solve to variable(s)

I understand Mathematica can't assign the results of a Solve to the unknowns because there may be more than 1 solution. How can I assign the 4 values of following result to variables?
19
votes
1answer
1k views

The Orbit and Perigee of the Flamsteed comet

Historical context This year we have the 330-th anniversary of the Battle of Vienna - one of the great formative events of European history, it took place on September 12, 1683. Kara Mustafa, Grand ...
18
votes
2answers
4k views

Can Reduce *really* not solve for x here?

Sometimes I get the feeling I'm just flailing blindly with Mathematica. Is solving for $x$ in the equation $$ \frac{\cosh (x/2)}{x} = \sqrt{2} $$ really beyond the scope of Mathematica? I try to ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I work with Root objects?

I want to solve the trigonometric equation : $$(3-\cos 4x )\cdot (\sin x - \cos x ) = 2.$$ I tried Solve[(3 - Cos[4*x])*(Sin[x] - Cos[x]) == 2, x] It returns the ...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

Using results of Reduce

Suppose I have function f: f[x_, y_] := 50000 + x 30000 + y 35000; Now I want to find the x and y when f[]<=200000. I use Reduce: ...
17
votes
4answers
9k views

Finding unit tangent, normal, and binormal vectors for a given r(t)

For my Calc III class, I need to find $T(t), N(t)$, and $B(t)$ for $t=1, 2$, and $-1$, given $r(t)=\{t,t^2,t^3\}$. I've got Mathematica, but I've never used it before and I'm not sure how to coerce ...
17
votes
3answers
471 views

How to find numerically all roots of a function in a given range?

It is common that I search numerically for all zeros (roots) of a function in a given range. I have written two simple minded functions that perform this task, and I know of similar functions on this ...
15
votes
5answers
773 views

How to make a Line[] with no end?

I'm trying to do this: In this graph, the secant points are aproximated in order to become the tangent, it seems I need some kind of function which plots a line based on two points and it's points ...
15
votes
1answer
875 views

Is Mathematica `ContourPlot` function really so efficient?

I wanted to find the roots of the function $f(x,y)=\sin(3.2x)\sin(1.3y)-2.1 \sin(1.3x)\sin(3.2y)$. This is what the function looks like: ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I split up a curve into chords of equal length?

I have a curve that is defined as f[x] and what I'm attempting to do is to divide the curve into equal straight lengths for a number of segments of my choosing that I've defined as nSeg. I've created ...
15
votes
1answer
418 views

Strange behaviour of Reduce for Mod[x,1]

For every integer $x$ the equation Mod[x, 1] == 0 holds. While Simplify[Mod[x, 1] == 0, Element[x,Integers]] gives ...
15
votes
1answer
865 views

Why does repeating an equation help in FindRoot?

I'm trying to understand this behavior of FindRoot. Consider a sample function (the one I'm actually interested in is far more complicated, but has similar issues) ...
14
votes
3answers
400 views

Solve a trig equation system

Background of the problem In the same plane, P is a fixed point, A,B,C are moving point, PA=a, PB=b, PC=c, find the maximize perimeter of △ABC. let ∠BPC=A, ∠CPA=B, ∠APB=2*Pi-A-B, then the ...
14
votes
3answers
726 views

How can I simulate this toggle mechanism?

I've been introduced to Mathematica very recently. Basically, I haven't actually "solved" anything in my Mathematica lifetime, but I've done some simulations. With my fractional knowledge, I tried ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

NSolve gives additional solutions that don't satisfy the equations!

I am trying to solve the following polynomial equations in Mathematica: ...
14
votes
2answers
327 views

FindInstance returns Indeterminate in version 9, but not in 8

Bug introduced in 9.0 and fixed in 10.0.0 Here is a trivial system of equations in three unknowns for which FindInstance obtains a solution: ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I find all the solutions of three simultaneous equations within a given box?

Sometimes, one needs to find all the solutions of three simultaneous nonlinear equations in three unknowns $$\begin{align*}f(x,y,z)&=0\\g(x,y,z)&=0\\h(x,y,z)&=0\end{align*}$$ within a ...
14
votes
2answers
460 views

Determining the default Method used in optimization and root-finding algorithms

Is it possible to extract the Method which is used in functions like NMinimize, FindRoot, ...
14
votes
1answer
269 views

What Method options does FindInstance accept?

While answering Trouble getting FindInstance to return multiple results for certain constraints it became clear that for this problem FindInstance would be better ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

Solving a time-dependent Schroedinger equation

I want to solve the time-dependent Schroedinger equation: $$ i\partial_t \psi(t) = H(t)\psi(t) $$ for matrix, time-dependent $H(t)$ and vector $\psi$. What is an efficient way of doing this so ...
13
votes
2answers
427 views

Is there a way to use functions like Prime[n] within Solve[]?

I'm trying to see if a number can be written as the sum of two prime numbers. Ideally, I would like to use Solve[ Prime[n] + Prime[m] == 100, {n, m}] But that ...
13
votes
5answers
929 views

Solve symbolically a transcendental trigonometric equation and plot its solutions

I currently have the equation below for a beam with a hinge at various locations, the variable a can vary between 0 and 0.5. $$ Tan\left( {a\sqrt \alpha } \right) + Tan\left\{ {\left( {1 - a} ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

Find all roots of an interpolating function (solution to a differential equation)

I'm trying to find all the roots of the solution to a differential equation. Using NSolve or Reduce I don't get the roots, so I'm using an iterative method which I found in physicsforums.com. This ...
13
votes
1answer
315 views

ToNumberField won't recognize Root as an explicit algebraic number

Bug fixed in 10.0.0 In Mathematica 9.0.1, it appears that ToNumberField will not always recognize a Root object as an ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

How to find lattice points on a line segment?

How do I find points on the line segment joining {-4, 11} and {16, -1} whose coordinates are positive integers?
12
votes
8answers
517 views

Find the minimum integer r such that $(10^r - 1)/37$ is an integer

I know Element[(10^r - 1)/37, Integers] tests the condition. So what is the command that gives me the minimum integer value r ...
12
votes
2answers
12k views

Figuring when the minute and hour hand coincide on a clock

I would like to list all possible times in a 12-hour period, where the hour hand overlaps the minute hand completely. This is really a question about three distinct things - to be done in Mathematica ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

FindRoot Domain restriction

I am solving a system of four non-linear equations in four variables using FindRoot. I have some sense of the relationship between the variables so I don't want Mathematica to do its computations in ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Suppressing negative roots in Mathematica

Problem Using Mathematica's Solve operator can sometimes lead to an output involving a positive and negative root (say when solving for a variable such as ...
12
votes
2answers
677 views

Google Code Jam: Mountain View code review

After participating in Google Code Jam 2012 Round 2, it occurred to me that the Mountain View problem boiled down to solving a set of linear inequalities, which could be done in Mathematica. I've only ...
12
votes
2answers
351 views

Behavior of Reduce with variables as domain

When using Reduce, I accidentally put a set of variables as the domain. To my surprise, it not only seems that Reduce expects ...
12
votes
1answer
208 views

Solve[ ] with Method -> Reduce gives a different result than Reduce[ ]

Why does Solve[Sqrt[x + Sqrt[x]] - Sqrt[x - Sqrt[x]] == m Sqrt[x/(x + Sqrt[x])], x, Reals, Method -> Reduce] give a different result than ...
12
votes
1answer
914 views

Proving inequalities with Mathematica

Question summary: I would like to learn some tips and tricks on how to prove inequalities with Mathematica. I'm studying various inequalities in triangle that have the form $R+ar + bs\geq 0$, where ...
12
votes
1answer
125 views

Strange result of Reduce and ForAll

In the question Can Mathematica tell me if a polynomial has all real roots?, quite a few of interesting answers were given. I wanted to add another one, using quantors, and observed some strange ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Why does Mathematica struggle with solving this equation?

Consider the evaluation of the following expression In[20]:= Reduce[ 1000 * 1.0609^t == 1500, t] ...
11
votes
3answers
590 views

How can we plot the complex roots of an equation?

If we'd like to display the $n$ roots of a polynomial on the complex plane as points, how can we do this? For example, if we have the equation $x^3 + x^2 + x + 1$, how can we plot the 3 roots as ...
11
votes
4answers
576 views

How can I find all values of $m$ such that my cubic equation has three different positive solutions?

I want to find all the values of $m$ such that the equation $$-m^3 + 2 m^2 x + (-2 m - 1) x^2 + m + x^3=0$$ has three different positive solutions. I tried ...
11
votes
2answers
756 views

Finding all possible solutions to a math mind game

In the example below the letters shall be replaced by numbers. The numbers are from 1 to 9, and each letter has the same number ...