Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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20
votes
2answers
5k views

How do I work with Root objects?

I want to solve the trigonometric equation : $$(3-\cos 4x )\cdot (\sin x - \cos x ) = 2.$$ I tried Solve[(3 - Cos[4*x])*(Sin[x] - Cos[x]) == 2, x] It returns the ...
26
votes
5answers
28k views

Assign the results from a Solve to variable(s)

I understand Mathematica can't assign the results of a Solve to the unknowns because there may be more than 1 solution. How can I assign the 4 values of following result to variables?
57
votes
9answers
3k views

Updating Wagon's FindAllCrossings2D[] function

Stan Wagon's Mathematica in Action (second edition; I haven't read the third edition and I'm hoping to eventually see it), demonstrates a nifty function called ...
33
votes
8answers
7k views

About multi-root search in Mathematica for transcendental equations

I have some questions for multiroot search for transcendental equations. Is there any clever solution to find all the roots for a transcendental equation in a specific range? Perhaps ...
62
votes
2answers
9k views

What is the difference between Reduce and Solve?

Solve and Reduce both can be used for solving equations. Just by working with them, I know there are some differences between ...
18
votes
4answers
12k views

Finding unit tangent, normal, and binormal vectors for a given r(t)

For my Calc III class, I need to find $T(t), N(t)$, and $B(t)$ for $t=1, 2$, and $-1$, given $r(t)=\{t,t^2,t^3\}$. I've got Mathematica, but I've never used it before and I'm not sure how to coerce ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Error entering equation in DSolve

I entered a command incorrectly as follows: DSolve[{y'[x]=y[x]},y[x],x] I am now experiencing: ...
20
votes
2answers
6k views

Can Reduce *really* not solve for x here?

Sometimes I get the feeling I'm just flailing blindly with Mathematica. Is solving for $x$ in the equation $$ \frac{\cosh (x/2)}{x} = \sqrt{2} $$ really beyond the scope of Mathematica? I try to ...
16
votes
3answers
6k views

Find all roots of an interpolating function (solution to a differential equation)

I'm trying to find all the roots of the solution to a differential equation. Using NSolve or Reduce I don't get the roots, so I'm using an iterative method which I found in physicsforums.com. This ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Getting an InterpolatingFunction from a ContourPlot

I have a function, say minimizeme[Ω_][β_][ϵ_] = ϵ^2 Ω - Log[2 (Cosh[2 β] + Cosh[2 β ϵ])]/(2 β); I want to find its critical points in $\epsilon$ for a given ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How Can I use Solve/Reduce Output

Suppose I want x and y to be rationals Solve[ x^2 + y^2 == 1, {x, y}, Rationals] I am ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Finding the number of solutions to a diophantine equation

I want to count total number of the natural solutions (different from 0) of the equation $2x + 3y + z = 100$, but don't know how. How can I calculate it using Mathematica? I tried: ...
37
votes
5answers
10k views

Find eigen energies of time-independent Schrödinger equation

I'm trying to get the eigenvalues of a one dimensional time-independent Schrödinger equation, $-\frac{h^2}{2m_0}\frac{d^2\psi}{dx^2}+U(x)~\psi=Ei~\psi$ where U(x) is some potential and Ei is the ...
21
votes
4answers
5k views

How to get intersection values from a parametric graph?

I have this graphed: ParametricPlot[{2.4*Cos[t] + 1.6*Cos[3 t/2], 2.4*Sin[t] - 1.6 Sin[3 t/2]}, {t, 0, 4*Pi}] It is a star, and the lines cross each other ...
30
votes
2answers
12k views

Marking points of intersection between two curves

I'm trying to illustrate the solutions numerically and graphically for an equation such as Tan[x] == x. I think I did everything ok except I wanted to mark each ...
24
votes
6answers
7k views

Finding the intersection of a curve with an interpolation function

There are no issues trying to find the intersection points of two defined curves. ...
15
votes
5answers
1k views

How to make a Line[] with no end?

I'm trying to do this: In this graph, the secant points are aproximated in order to become the tangent, it seems I need some kind of function which plots a line based on two points and it's points ...
13
votes
5answers
1k views

Solve symbolically a transcendental trigonometric equation and plot its solutions

I currently have the equation below for a beam with a hinge at various locations, the variable a can vary between 0 and 0.5. $$ Tan\left( {a\sqrt \alpha } \right) + Tan\left\{ {\left( {1 - a} \right)\...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

First positive root

Simple question but problem with NSolve. I need help how to extract first positive root? For example: ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Solve an equation in $\mathbb{R}^+$

How can I solve this equation (both numerically and literally) only in the positive reals $\mathbb{R}^+$? Solve[x == (v0 - (A CD t v0^2 ρ)/(4m)) Cos[θ] t, t] And ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Solve trigonometric equation

I'm looking for a solution (graphic, numeric or analytic) for a function of the form: $$a^2\tanh(x)=\tan(ax),\quad a ≥ 1,\ x > 0$$ preferably using Mathematica. Any advice?
7
votes
1answer
838 views

Issue with NSolve

I defined the following function: sw[ θ_, ϕ_, h_] = 1/2 Sin[2 (ϕ - θ)] + h Sin[ϕ] Based upon whether I use Solve or NSolve, ...
5
votes
2answers
290 views

When does the real part of Zeta vanish on the critical line?

This seems to be a quite a simple problem but I cannot make it work. I am trying to find all values within a given range for which the real part of the Zeta ...
14
votes
3answers
6k views

Solving a time-dependent Schrödinger equation

I want to solve the time-dependent Schrödinger equation: $$ i\partial_t \psi(t) = H(t)\psi(t)$$ for matrix, time-dependent $H(t)$ and vector $\psi$. What is an efficient way of doing this so that ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I split up a curve into chords of equal length?

I have a curve that is defined as f[x] and what I'm attempting to do is to divide the curve into equal straight lengths for a number of segments of my choosing that I've defined as nSeg. I've created ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

How to find numerically all roots of a function in a given range?

It is common that I search numerically for all zeros (roots) of a function in a given range. I have written two simple minded functions that perform this task, and I know of similar functions on this ...
6
votes
4answers
915 views

How to find an approximate solution in a region when Solve or NSolve does not work?

Consider the relation x/Tan[Pi x] == y/Tan[Pi y] Solve or NSolve can't give a solution ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Error/warning when using NSolve for simple equation

I am using NSolve to solve an equation, as shown here: ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Using DSolve to solve for x[t,parameter]

I'm trying to solve an ODE with two independent variables (a cannon firing from a cliff incorporating wind resistance dependent on velocity). I've tried the following for the x-component: ...
28
votes
3answers
1k views

Does Mathematica have a built-in tool that allows one to operate on both sides of an equation?

Geogebra has a very neat CAS view that allows one to solve an equation step by step in the following fashion: $\quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad $ You type an equation and ...
9
votes
2answers
749 views

Solving/Reducing equations in $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$

I was trying to find all the numbers $n$ for which $2^n=n\mod 10^k$ using Mathematica. My first try: Reduce[2^n == n, n, Modulus -> 100] However, I receive ...
13
votes
6answers
3k views

How to find lattice points on a line segment?

How do I find points on the line segment joining {-4, 11} and {16, -1} whose coordinates are positive integers?
14
votes
2answers
533 views

Behavior of Reduce with variables as domain

When using Reduce, I accidentally put a set of variables as the domain. To my surprise, it not only seems that Reduce expects ...
1
vote
1answer
555 views

Why my differential equations become True? [duplicate]

I've been trying to solve a system of nonlinear differential equation, but the conditions are a bit weird. Two of the differentials equate to the same equation, but have different boundary ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Find all roots in the interval of nonlinear equation

I am struggling on how to find all the roots of 1+1/2^x+1/3^x==0 which lie in a given of real and imaginary interval. Solve ...
-1
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I determine the maximum value for a polynomial, given a range of x values?

I need to determine the maximum value for y = a x^2 + b x + c, where I know the coefficients and the upper and lower x values. ...
16
votes
2answers
589 views

Determining the default Method used in optimization and root-finding algorithms

Is it possible to extract the Method which is used in functions like NMinimize, FindRoot, <...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

How to get exact roots of this polynomial?

The equation $$ 64x^7 -112x^5 -8x^4 +56x^3 +8x^2 -7x - 1 = 0 $$ has seven solutions $x = 1$, $x = -\dfrac{1}{2}$ and $x = \cos \dfrac{2n\pi}{11}$, where $n$ runs from $1$ to $5$. With ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Can mathematica solve this equation?

I have the following Mathematica code to solve an equation coming from isoparameteric finite element for quadratic tetrahedron element. I need to get the iteroplation fast and accurate. I only find ...
7
votes
4answers
451 views

Am I missing anything? Solving Equations

I want to know what $ a^4+b^4+c^4 $ would be when $ a+b+c=1, a^2+b^2+c^2=2, a^3+b^3+c^3=3. $ I tried ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Finding intersection of two graphs

Here is a toy problem: I have a (directional) line that starts from {2,0} and goes through {1.8, 0.01}. Also I have a ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to find regions that satisfy this inequality?

I am new to Mathematica and would like to find the set $$\{ (x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2: (3x+y\exp(xy))(x-a) + (6y + x \exp(xy))(y-b) < 0 \}$$ for some constants $a$ and $b$. How can I do ...
4
votes
3answers
515 views

Finding parameters making real part of eigenvalues vanish

I have the following $\;3\times3$ matrix: $\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0.04 -0.4 b & 0 & 0.04 -0.4 b \\ 0 & -0.08-1.2 b & -0.06-0.9 b \\ 1.04 -0.4 b & 2.08 -0.8 b & 0 \end{...
1
vote
1answer
431 views

General form of a linear transformation

Let $v_1 = \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and $v_2=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and let $A= \begin{bmatrix} 3 & 2 \\ -2 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$ be a matrix for $T\colon \Bbb R^2\...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I find all the solutions of three simultaneous equations within a given box?

Sometimes, one needs to find all the solutions of three simultaneous nonlinear equations in three unknowns $$\begin{align*}f(x,y,z)&=0\\g(x,y,z)&=0\\h(x,y,z)&=0\end{align*}$$ within a ...
13
votes
1answer
873 views

Nonlinear FEM Solver for Navier-Stokes equations in 2D

it's me again. I'm trying to obtain a numerical solution to Navier-Stokes equations in 2D in a non-rectangular region. So far, this guide was very helpful, but he is using finite differences, which is ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

NDSolve with vectors

I'm stumped. I'm trying to write this using vectors, but the 2nd derivative isn't being expanded like I expected it to be. This is a system of equations for a projectile with quadratic drag and ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

NSolve gives additional solutions that don't satisfy the equations!

I am trying to solve the following polynomial equations in Mathematica: ...
9
votes
5answers
804 views

Create filling between two trig functions

Working with trig functions, period, amplitude, etc. I found a worksheet at a calculus website, with some nice questions related to interpreting trig functions, at least, they provide some "fun" ...
9
votes
3answers
300 views

Labeling solutions of an Eigenvalue equation involving Bessel functions

I'm solving the Schrödinger equation for a particle in an annular geometry with hard wall boundary conditions and I've reduced it to the following equation: $$J_m(k\,R_1)\,Y_m(k\,R_2) - J_m(k\,R_2)\,...