Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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9
votes
4answers
761 views

How many times do the two given curves intersect at the origin?

I'm reading/studying on my own a book about algebraic curves. I'm trying to find a way for Mathematica help me with the following (the book, ISBN: 038731802X, allows me to use any CAS / program. ...
9
votes
3answers
181 views

How to find the solutions to $a+b+c+d=60$?

How can I find all the solutions to: $$a+b+c+d=60\quad (0\leq a,b,c,d\leq 30,\; a,b,c,d\in\mathbb N)$$ I've tried to use Solve[], but it says that there are more ...
8
votes
1answer
442 views

Issue with the NDSolve code

With this procedure, one may determine an eigen-value function $R(a)$ for any given $\Xi$ (say 0, 25, 50, 75, 100) ...
8
votes
1answer
201 views

Unexpected behaviour of Solve applied to two equations in two variables

I have a simple Mathematica expression Solve[{a(a-1)Sqrt[1+a^2+b^2] == b(a^3-1), b(b-1)Sqrt[1+a^2+b^2] == a(b^3-1)}] which returns (on version 8.0, and also ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Solution of equation with power series (perturbation)

So I need to use Mathematica to find the solution of $y=x- \epsilon \sin(2y)$ as a power series in terms of $\epsilon$. I'd assume I'd need to create an equation $f=x-y- \epsilon \sin(2y)$, then ...
4
votes
1answer
687 views

How to solve this equation with integers as a solution?

I want to solve the equation $$x^y + y = y^x + x$$ with $x$, $y$ are integer numbers. I tried Solve[x^y + y == y^x + x, {x, y}, Integers] How to solve the ...
4
votes
3answers
534 views

Symbolic derivative of $n$-term product

I want to determine the relationship that must exist between the $x_i$ and $y_i$ such that $$ \frac{\partial}{\partial\theta} \prod_{i=1}^n \frac{f(x_i,\theta)}{f(y_i,\theta)} = 0, $$ where $$ ...
4
votes
3answers
484 views

How to obtain a fixed number of solutions to $x+y=1$?

How to obtain a fixed number of solutions to $x+y=1$? For example, I want 4 solutions: $(1,0),(2,-1),(3,-2),(-2,3)$ I want to do this also on bigger equations such as $x+y+...=1$ and then I want to ...
3
votes
2answers
371 views

Tweaking Solve for systems of polynomial equations

I am trying to solve the following system of $6$ quadratic equations in $6$ variables: ...
12
votes
2answers
712 views

Google Code Jam: Mountain View code review

After participating in Google Code Jam 2012 Round 2, it occurred to me that the Mountain View problem boiled down to solving a set of linear inequalities, which could be done in Mathematica. I've only ...
12
votes
1answer
220 views

Solve[ ] with Method -> Reduce gives a different result than Reduce[ ]

Why does Solve[Sqrt[x + Sqrt[x]] - Sqrt[x - Sqrt[x]] == m Sqrt[x/(x + Sqrt[x])], x, Reals, Method -> Reduce] give a different result than ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Suppressing negative roots in Mathematica

Problem Using Mathematica's Solve operator can sometimes lead to an output involving a positive and negative root (say when solving for a variable such as ...
11
votes
1answer
469 views

Mathematica implementation of Earth Movers Distance?

Has anyone implemented in Mathematica the Earth Mover's Distance (EMD)? A concept dating back to Monge 1871, used to compare histograms and images, e.g., the CIEDE2000 Color Difference algorithm. ...
9
votes
3answers
440 views

Trouble getting FindInstance to return multiple results for certain constraints

I'm having a hard time getting FindInstance to return multiple results. Consider this simple example: ...
8
votes
1answer
189 views

Using a Mathematica index as a DiscreteVariable in NDSolve when solving a coupled set of ordinary differential equations

Context Since the explanation below of the problem to be solved is lengthy, let me preamble this by saying that I have code that works to solve the problem, but I don't know whether (1) it's ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How to find the smallest root

I have a continuous, differentiable, monotonic, bounded function called F[t]. If t -> Infinity then ...
5
votes
1answer
320 views

How can I tell why Mathematica returns no solution to this system of nonlinear equations?

I'm trying to solve a system of 12 equations and 12 unknowns with the code below. ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Solving a system of linear equations modulo n

I have a system of linear equations $$ a+b+c \equiv 31 \pmod{54} $$ $$ 4a+2b+c \equiv 3 \pmod{54} $$ $$ 9a+3b+c \equiv 11 \pmod{54} $$ What should I input (I'm using ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

finding poles of a function

Is there a command to find the poles of a function $f=f(z)$? example: let $$f(z) = \frac{1}{z^2-1}$$ then we know that the poles are at $z=\pm 1$ but is there a special command in mathematica to do ...
4
votes
3answers
187 views

How do I generate a set of n-tuples containing integral solutions to a linear equation provided certain constraints?

Let $m,k,p$ be fixed positive integers. I want to create a table of k-tuples $(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_k)$ comprised of solutions in positive integers to the equation below: ...
3
votes
3answers
218 views

What is the formula for this numerical series?

I'm developing a questions game. My goal is that the score for each correct answer will increase as the user answers more questions. Initially there are 15 points for each correct answer. Every 4 ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

How can I exhibit the evaluation of formulas in a Mathcad-like way?

How can I create a function F that works like this: x = 2 f1 = x^2 + 3 f2=x+5 F[f1] x^2 + 3 = 2^2 + 3 = 7 ...
11
votes
4answers
5k views

Why does Mathematica struggle with solving this equation?

Consider the evaluation of the following expression In[20]:= Reduce[ 1000 * 1.0609^t == 1500, t] ...
10
votes
2answers
546 views

Is there a way to symbolically invert a piecewise function

I have a piecewise function that is continuous and strictly monotonic, like this: f[t_] = Piecewise[{{t/4, t < 0}, {t/2, t < 3}, {3/2 + (t - 3)*3, True}}] ...
9
votes
6answers
796 views
7
votes
1answer
807 views

How to Simplify equations over a Ring with Mathematica?

For example, when we work over a ring, the equation x^3=0 does not imply x^2=0 or x=0, but ...
6
votes
2answers
338 views

Time evolution/dynamics of circular plate with hole (Biharmonic equation and stiffness)

On this Mathematica.SE form, there exists information on how to use Mathematica to demonstrate the vibration of a circular membrane and the deflection of an orifice plate (the latter I had raised ...
6
votes
1answer
181 views

The third argument of the Root function

Consider the roots of an arbitrary indecomposable polynomial: sol = Solve[x^5 + 2 x + 1 == 0, x] The returned expression is ...
6
votes
4answers
454 views

Manipulating Equations

I would like to be able to manipulate algebraic equations. For example, let's say I enter 3x+5==2 I would next like to be able to manually subtract $2$ from both ...
5
votes
3answers
389 views

Not able to get a solution to a Lagrange Multiplier Equation

I assigned several constrained optimization problems to my calc IV students to solve with Mathematica, but this one is being stubborn. The function to optimize is: f(x,y,z) = y Exp[x-z] with the ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Solve for the intersection point of 3 surfaces

Basically, I have three 2-torus (tilted) in 3-dimensional Euclidean space. They are expressed by parametric equations: ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

Find the domain in which a sequence converges

I seem to have a lot of problems in the format of: Given the sequence $a_n=\frac{n^\alpha+1}{2n^8+5}$, for $\alpha > 0$, find the values of $\alpha$ such that the sequence converges. However, ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How to find the sum all even numbers of this sequence?

I have a sequence $(u_{n})$ $$u_1= 1, \quad u_2 = 2, \quad u_3 = 3, \quad u_{n}= -u_{n-3} + 3u _{n-2} +2 u_{n-1}, \quad \forall n \geqslant 4.$$ I want to list the first $20$ terms of this sequence ...
4
votes
1answer
470 views

3D Plot of The Riemann Zeta Function

I am a new user and i would appreciate your help to visualize the 3D of the following function. Edit I tried this ...
4
votes
2answers
677 views

How do I solve N simultaneous equations for N variables?

I have a function: f[x_] := x + 31 x^3 + 5 x^25 Which I want to find an expansion for: ...
3
votes
0answers
244 views

Nonlinear FEM and FindRoot

I'm trying to develop a kind of nonlinear FEM application using mathematica to solve a bvp like the following: $$ \gamma(u') ~u^{iv} + 2 \gamma'(u') u''' u''+ u''^3 = f(x) $$ where $u = ...
3
votes
2answers
418 views

Transcendental equation inside another equation when 3D plotting

I have been trying to solve this plotting problem myself, and I have received a lot of very useful advice from here on Stack Exchange - but I am now at a complete loss as to how to achieve the plot I ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Solve pair of recurrence relations

[Corrected equations and added simple example] Can you solve a system of (loosely) coupled recurrence relations like this in Mathematica somehow? ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

How do I get all the roots within a certain range for an equation? [duplicate]

I wish to find ALL the roots of the following equation $ x \tan(ax) - c = 0$ within a range, where a and c are constants I control. I've been using ...
2
votes
2answers
244 views

Solving a system of nonlinear equations 2

Regarding this question: Solving a system of nonlinear equations When I try to solve the same system (with the code proposed in Daniel Lichtblau's answer) with different Right Hand Side values, ...
2
votes
2answers
294 views

How to explain NDSolve that functions must be positive only?

I have a simple system of differential equations to solve but both functions should be positive: x[t] > 0 and y[t] > 0 for all t. I was not able to explain NDSolve this fact so it goes x[t] < 0 ...
2
votes
2answers
299 views

How do I feed data points into an equation to solve NUMERICALLY?

I start with this equation and solve it numerically for $z(x,y)$ in the range $1 < x < 5$ and $1 < y < 5$: $$ \frac{3}{xyz} - 2x - 3y - 5z = 0 $$ Then using the data points of $z$ above, ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Solve and plot an equation that is dependent on a transcendental equation

I am trying to plot a function that uses the values of a transcendental equation as its input values: y = Tanh[(2 y + x)/2.5] z = 2.5 * Log[2*Cosh[(2 y + x)/2.5]] ...
2
votes
2answers
505 views

Count and plot the number of solutions in an interval

I have equations depending on one or more parameters and I want to find and plot regions in the parameter space in which there is a specific number of solutions. For definiteness let's consider a ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Why doesn't Mathematica solve $x=\cos\,x$ properly? [duplicate]

Why doesn't Mathematica solve x == Cos[x] properly? Both Solve and NSolve fail with the ...
2
votes
1answer
711 views

FindRoot Infinite expression 1/0 encountered error

I have 1 equation in 1 variable, which when I use Plot, looks like this: ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

How to solve ArcSinh equation for many differents parameters?

I am totally stuck trying to solve the equation below (1/2) x Sqrt[1 + 4 a^2 x^2] + ArcSinh[2 a x]/(4 a) == d Where a and ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

Solve[] unexpectedly giving empty solution sets for extremely large problems

I was calculating the set of lattice vectors in $\mathbb{Z}^4$ which have taxicab norm $r$. For example, executing ...
1
vote
1answer
282 views

Finding parameters for first positive root of solution to differential equation to be equal to a desired value

I have a differential equation with parameters. The objective is to vary the parameters such that the first positive root of the solution is equal to a desired value ...
0
votes
3answers
807 views

Solving One Equation with Two Variables

I am trying to solve an equation with two variables. It is the last step in the process of using the method of undetermined coefficients to solve a nonhomogeneous differential equation. The equation ...