Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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7
votes
0answers
185 views

What Method options does FindInstance accept?

While answering Trouble getting FindInstance to return multiple results for certain constraints it became clear that for this problem FindInstance would be better ...
6
votes
4answers
399 views

Am I missing anything? Solving Equations

I want to know what $ a^4+b^4+c^4 $ would be when $ a+b+c=1, a^2+b^2+c^2=2, a^3+b^3+c^3=3. $ I tried ...
6
votes
3answers
394 views

Why don't I get numeric values from this Solve?

Solve[ a^2 + b^2 == c^2 && a < 100 && b < 100 && c < 100, {a, b, c}, Integers] gives me this result ...
6
votes
4answers
121 views

Minimizing a function with a constant $l > 0$

I'm VERY new to Mathematica and would like some help with minimizing a function. $$f(x) = \frac{1}{2} \sqrt{\frac{\left(l^4+x^4\right)^2}{l^4 x^2}}$$ I want to find which $x-value$ (probably ...
6
votes
2answers
678 views

Solve an equation in $\mathbb{R}^+$

How can I solve this equation (both numerically and literally) only in the positive reals $\mathbb{R}^+$? Solve[x == (v0 - (A CD t v0^2 ρ)/(4m)) Cos[θ] t, t] And ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why won't Mathematica Solve a set of two equations for one variable?

For example, if I try to Solve this set of equations Solve[y == 3 x + 5 && y == -x + 7, {x, y}] Mathematica gives the right values for ...
6
votes
5answers
5k views

How to get rid of warnings when using Solve on an equation with inexact coefficients?

When I solve this equation in Mathematica 8, I can get the right answer, but with some uncomfortable warnings. Equation: ...
6
votes
6answers
501 views

Can someone help me solve this x*y*z=180

I have one question I've been trying for a while but I can't get the result for my equation.. So I've been trying hard but I can calculate only by hand but the problem is that I am afraid to miss any ...
6
votes
2answers
432 views

How to work out the parameter in a definite integration which has an exact value while the integration doesn't have an analytical solution?

Here is the equation I'm trying to solve: NIntegrate[1/(E^(1/(λ T)) - 1), {λ, 200, 220}] == 1000 T is the parameter I'm ...
6
votes
3answers
420 views

Plotting $\omega(k_x, k_z)$ in $(\omega, k)$ plane with assumption of $k^2 = k_x^2 + k_z^2$

I'm currently studying atmospheric-gravity waves and their dispersion relations. For analysis I need to plot the dispersion function: \begin{equation} \omega^4 - \omega^2\cdot C_s^2(k_x^2 + ...
6
votes
3answers
697 views

Arithmetic operation on the value returned by Solve

I want to modify the value that is returned by Solve. Example: SolC1 = Solve[Sin[ π x / L] == 1, x] {{x -> L/2}} I need to add n to x so that x becomes ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I get Mathematica to solve an equation with multiple variables?

How can I get mathematica to solve the non-homogeneous differential equation with undetermined coefficients listed below? Solve $\ y''(t)+3y'(t) = 2t^4 $, using: $\ y_p(t) = ...
6
votes
2answers
421 views

Reduce and Solve unable to solve equation

I have the following equation. Why aren't Solve and Reduce able to find the solution? ...
6
votes
3answers
299 views

How to get the correct answer when solve this equation?

I want to find the values of the parameter $m$ to the graph of the funtion $$x^4 - 2 m x^2 + m + 1$$ has three extremal points make an equilateral triangle. I tried ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to invert an integral equation

There have been numerous times when I've needed to invert an integral equation, i.e. I have something like $$f(x) = g_1(x)\int_{0}^x g_2(x') dx'$$ for arbitrary functions $g_1$ and $g_2$, and ...
6
votes
3answers
590 views

How do I find the intersection of a closed 3D curve given by numerical data with a specified plane?

I have a list of 3D data points which form a closed curve. My own data can't be easily generated analytically, but the qualitative behaviour is well represented by a parametric curve families such as ...
6
votes
2answers
480 views

Very long Refine/Solve batch run - is my code broken, or just complicated?

So I'm trying to run some Mathematica code in batch mode from my university cluster. Specifically, I'm trying to find the equilibria of a system of ordinary differential equations. Inspired by the ...
6
votes
2answers
329 views

Why does Equal[“string”, False] not evaluate to False?

Why does Equal["string", False] not evaluate to False? I would have thought Mathematica could prove that these two things are ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Finding y given x from an interpolating function

I would like to put a dot on the point of a curve that has a specific y value but I don't know the x value. A simple example of my code is ...
6
votes
1answer
151 views

Why is FindInstance failing when I relax a set of constraints?

I'm attempting to use FindInstance to generate coordinate sets for plausible triangles with edge length distance constraints. E.g.: ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

NSolve missing solutions in Mathematica 10

Running Mathematica 8.0.4 and 10.0.0 on a Windows 8.1 machine. Processed the same code with both kernels: ...
6
votes
1answer
465 views

Issue with NSolve

I defined the following function: sw[ θ_, ϕ_, h_] = 1/2 Sin[2 (ϕ - θ)] + h Sin[ϕ] Based upon whether I use Solve or NSolve, ...
6
votes
1answer
627 views

FindRoot options

I found an example of FindRoot usage that I couldn't find documented. It looks like: FindRoot[f[x] == 0.4, {x, 0, 1, 0, 1}] ...
6
votes
1answer
610 views

How to Simplify equations over a Ring with Mathematica?

For example, when we work over a ring, the equation x^3=0 does not imply x^2=0 or x=0, but ...
6
votes
3answers
178 views

Ovals of plane curves (and esoteric surfaces in space)

Consider the curve $y^2 - x^3 + x=0$ with $x, y$ real. This curve has two connected components (one bounded, one not), and the question is: how do you get Mathematica to tell you that (if you do: ...
6
votes
4answers
362 views

How to find an approximate solution in a region when Solve or NSolve does not work?

Consider the relation x/Tan[Pi x] == y/Tan[Pi y] Solve or NSolve can't give a solution ...
6
votes
1answer
164 views

The third argument of the Root function

Consider the roots of an arbitrary indecomposable polynomial: sol = Solve[x^5 + 2 x + 1 == 0, x] The returned expression is ...
6
votes
2answers
604 views

Solution of equation with power series (perturbation)

So I need to use Mathematica to find the solution of $y=x- \epsilon \sin(2y)$ as a power series in terms of $\epsilon$. I'd assume I'd need to create an equation $f=x-y- \epsilon \sin(2y)$, then ...
6
votes
2answers
115 views

Why is ToRadicals[] not able to handle all cases? Is there a workaround?

The documentation for the function ToRadicals says: ♦ There are some cases in which expressions involving radicals can in principle be given, but ...
6
votes
4answers
398 views

FindInstance (and Solve, …) abysmally slow on a fully determined system of linear equations and inequalities: why?

I took a quick look for FindInstance and Solve-related questions but came up empty for the aspect that I am curious about. So ...
6
votes
1answer
321 views

Buggy Reduce/Resolve function?

It seems to me that this is a clear-cut case of Mathematica actually producing the wrong answer (with no warnings). I'm trying to express the fact that for any integer, there exists a factorization ...
6
votes
0answers
128 views

FindRoot kills kernel

Bug introduced in 7.0.1 or earlier. Persists through at least 10.0.2 I'm having problems with FindRoot killing the kernel. In my real application, I want to FindRoot on a black-box function ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How to find the sum all even numbers of this sequence?

I have a sequence $(u_{n})$ $$u_1= 1, \quad u_2 = 2, \quad u_3 = 3, \quad u_{n}= -u_{n-3} + 3u _{n-2} +2 u_{n-1}, \quad \forall n \geqslant 4.$$ I want to list the first $20$ terms of this sequence ...
5
votes
3answers
861 views

Solve for the intersection point of 3 surfaces

Basically, I have three 2-torus (tilted) in 3-dimensional Euclidean space. They are expressed by parametric equations: ...
5
votes
2answers
356 views

Equation solving with GroebnerBasis

I have a system of quadratic equations defined below ...
5
votes
2answers
275 views

How to solve this combination equation?

I want to solve the equation $$ 2n\cdot\binom{n}{0} + 5(n-1)\binom{n}{1}+13(n-2)\binom{n}{2}+\cdots + \left(2^{n-1} + 3^{n-1}\right)\binom{n}{n-1} = 1685. $$ or using alternative notion for binomial ...
5
votes
4answers
384 views

Manipulating Equations

I would like to be able to manipulate algebraic equations. For example, let's say I enter 3x+5==2 I would next like to be able to manually subtract $2$ from both ...
5
votes
2answers
307 views

Optimum number of cog teeth for two step helical gearbox

Note: Cross-posted at http://community.wolfram.com/groups/-/m/t/137895?p_p_auth=8QnKtT9I. I am to design a two step gearbox. The first step is to choose the number of teeth in each cog wheel in ...
5
votes
3answers
453 views

Solving a system of equations with conditions related to the number of solutions

The equation below describes a conic with oblique axis: $$9 + 22 x + 9 x^2 + 46 y + 24 x y + 16 y^2=0$$ It is a parabola, as the coefficients in $x^2$, $y^2$, $xy$ form a perfect square. To find the ...
5
votes
2answers
242 views

Solve for $a$ as a function of $\beta$?

I am trying to solve this equation: $$\beta^{-a} \Gamma(a) \sin(a \pi) + e^\beta \beta^{2 a - 1} \Gamma(1 - a) \sin(a \pi) = 0$$ I tried the following: ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Error (NSolve::ifun) when using NSolve, I need help interpreting the error

I wrote the following code to observe how the solutions to the equation $(e^{i a})^2 = e^{i b}$ varied as $b$ varied between 0 and $2\pi$ ...
5
votes
2answers
274 views

How to find monotonically increasing intervals of a function

I tried this code, but not working Clear[f]; f[x_] := x^3 - 3 x + 2; ForAll[{x1, x2}, x1 < x2, f[x1] < f[x2]] Reduce[%, {x1, x2}, Reals] I expected the ...
5
votes
1answer
221 views

Solving an inequality that contains Log expressions

How can I solve the following inequality: Log[1/2 + c^2] > (1.4) (30^5) 2^(4.5) 9 (0.6) (2.8) (1 + Log[3]) (1 +Log[ Log[c + 1]]) ? I tried ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How to get exact roots of this polynomial?

The equation $$ 64x^7 -112x^5 -8x^4 +56x^3 +8x^2 -7x - 1 = 0 $$ has seven solutions $x = 1$, $x = -\dfrac{1}{2}$ and $x = \cos \dfrac{2n\pi}{11}$, where $n$ runs from $1$ to $5$. With ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How to solve this logarithmic equation?

The equation $$x^2\cdot\log_2\dfrac{3+x}{10}-x^2\cdot\log_{\frac{1}{2}}(2 + 3x)=x^2 - 4+2\cdot\log_{\sqrt{2}}\dfrac{3x^2+11x+6}{10}$$ has two solutions for x, namely 1 and 2. I tried ...
5
votes
3answers
208 views

Not able to get a solution to a Lagrange Multiplier Equation

I assigned several constrained optimization problems to my calc IV students to solve with Mathematica, but this one is being stubborn. The function to optimize is: f(x,y,z) = y Exp[x-z] with the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Solving a system of linear equations modulo n

I have a system of linear equations $$ a+b+c \equiv 31 \pmod{54} $$ $$ 4a+2b+c \equiv 3 \pmod{54} $$ $$ 9a+3b+c \equiv 11 \pmod{54} $$ What should I input (I'm using ...
5
votes
2answers
319 views

Using RSolve correctly

I am having problems persuading Mathematica to solve even the simplest recurrence relations. As an example, how would you do the following? ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Select Solution with real (positive, etc) coefficients - ignoring variables

I often need to solve equations for numerical coefficients while preserving numerous variables (e.g. to preserve scaling relations). Thus I end up with a set of solutions like $$ ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

Counting Real roots

I'm interested on how to count the number of real roots of a random polynomials in an instant, how to put the result in a table and how to plot it in a graph.I generated 1 million random polynomials ...