Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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2
votes
1answer
418 views

Solution given by Wolfram Alpha but not _Mathematica_

Why will Mathematica not give a soluion to Solve[Log[x] == Log[j, Log[j, x]], j], but Wolfram Alpha will?
2
votes
1answer
1k views

NDSolve two PDE plus one ODE, together

I have a couple of PDE (time and space/length) that are correctly managed by NDSolve, but to which I’m adding an ODE on which the acc “accumulates”, through time, a ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Solve matrix equation A*X=X*B using LeastSquares

I want to solve matrix equation A*X=X*B using LeastSquares method, but it is suited for equation like A*X=B. All matrices are 3x3 ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Solving systems of equations

So I have a set of equations like 12 of them but 13 variables. However I would like to find the numerical value of the roots for the maximum value of a particular variable. I don't know how to do that ...
1
vote
2answers
210 views

Mathematica can't minimize a function

Mathematica seems not to be able to minimize this univariate function over integer arguments, $r>2, r \in \mathbb{Z}$. ...
1
vote
1answer
282 views

General form of a linear transformation

Let $v_1 = \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and $v_2=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and let $A= \begin{bmatrix} 3 & 2 \\ -2 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$ be a matrix for $T\colon \Bbb ...
1
vote
3answers
151 views

automatic processing of numerical results in `Plot`

First I want to solve an equation $F(x,y)=0$ for $y$ by supplying a value of $x$. (suppose obtaining the analytic form of $y(x)$ is too difficult) Then I want to plot root $y$ (numerically calculated) ...
1
vote
2answers
373 views

solving for one solution to a system of polynomials

I'm trying to solve a system of equations: ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

How to solve this nonlinear 2 by 2 equations?

I have a equation (x^2 + q1^2 - y^2)/2*(x + q1 - y) + (1 - 2*a)*q + 2*F = 2*(1 - a)*c[q] in q(variable) with parameters q1,a,F and function c(in variable q also, and I define it outside Solve so I can ...
0
votes
1answer
283 views

How to use `FindRoot` to solve an equation containing a parameter?

I'm trying to derive some of the results of the following paper: Electrodynamics of semiconductor-coated noble metal nanoshells, JT Manassah - Physical Review A In the paper there is matrix $\mathbf ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Gaps in plots of equation solution from parameter

I'm trying to plot solution of system of equations as a function of parameter ...
-2
votes
1answer
57 views

Solve For X inside arc-cos function (with division) [closed]

Very basic but I've been stuck for more than 12 hours trying to solver this equation 20=360/(arccos(X/3200)*2) Can anyone solve X? and explain what exactly you ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

FindRoot Domain restriction

I am solving a system of four non-linear equations in four variables using FindRoot. I have some sense of the relationship between the variables so I don't want Mathematica to do its computations in ...
19
votes
1answer
1k views

The Orbit and Perigee of the Flamsteed comet

Historical context This year we have the 330-th anniversary of the Battle of Vienna - one of the great formative events of European history, it took place on September 12, 1683. Kara Mustafa, Grand ...
8
votes
3answers
486 views

1D quasicrystal: points on a line nearest to points on a lattice

I have a simple lattice / line manipulation: ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Using the Krylov method for Solve: Speeding up a SparseArray calculation

I'm trying to implement this Total Variation Regularized Numerical Differentiation (TVDiff) code in MMA (which I found through this SO answer): essentially I want to differentiate noisy data. The full ...
11
votes
3answers
450 views

How can we plot the complex roots of an equation?

If we'd like to display the $n$ roots of a polynomial on the complex plane as points, how can we do this? For example, if we have the equation $x^3 + x^2 + x + 1$, how can we plot the 3 roots as ...
7
votes
4answers
680 views

How many times do the two given curves intersect at the origin?

I'm reading/studying on my own a book about algebraic curves. I'm trying to find a way for Mathematica help me with the following (the book, ISBN: 038731802X, allows me to use any CAS / program. ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why won't Mathematica Solve a set of two equations for one variable?

For example, if I try to Solve this set of equations Solve[y == 3 x + 5 && y == -x + 7, {x, y}] Mathematica gives the right values for ...
11
votes
0answers
208 views

What Method options does FindInstance accept?

While answering Trouble getting FindInstance to return multiple results for certain constraints it became clear that for this problem FindInstance would be better ...
9
votes
1answer
909 views

What are the algorithm details of FindRoot?

The Help page of FindRoot says: "by default, FindRoot uses Newton's method (Newton-Raphson) to solve a nonlinear system". But I ...
8
votes
1answer
198 views

Unexpected behaviour of Solve applied to two equations in two variables

I have a simple Mathematica expression Solve[{a(a-1)Sqrt[1+a^2+b^2] == b(a^3-1), b(b-1)Sqrt[1+a^2+b^2] == a(b^3-1)}] which returns (on version 8.0, and also ...
7
votes
1answer
427 views

Issue with the NDSolve code

With this procedure, one may determine an eigen-value function $R(a)$ for any given $\Xi$ (say 0, 25, 50, 75, 100) ...
6
votes
2answers
751 views

Solution of equation with power series (perturbation)

So I need to use Mathematica to find the solution of $y=x- \epsilon \sin(2y)$ as a power series in terms of $\epsilon$. I'd assume I'd need to create an equation $f=x-y- \epsilon \sin(2y)$, then ...
4
votes
4answers
638 views

An easier way to find the properties of an ellipse from its equation?

In this Q&A about fitting an ellipse to a set of points, there are multiple answers that generated general equations of the ellipse, like this one by @ubpdqn: However, the steps to find out the ...
4
votes
1answer
547 views

How to solve this equation with integers as a solution?

I want to solve the equation $$x^y + y = y^x + x$$ with $x$, $y$ are integer numbers. I tried Solve[x^y + y == y^x + x, {x, y}, Integers] How to solve the ...
4
votes
3answers
454 views

Symbolic derivative of $n$-term product

I want to determine the relationship that must exist between the $x_i$ and $y_i$ such that $$ \frac{\partial}{\partial\theta} \prod_{i=1}^n \frac{f(x_i,\theta)}{f(y_i,\theta)} = 0, $$ where $$ ...
4
votes
3answers
447 views

How to obtain a fixed number of solutions to $x+y=1$?

How to obtain a fixed number of solutions to $x+y=1$? For example, I want 4 solutions: $(1,0),(2,-1),(3,-2),(-2,3)$ I want to do this also on bigger equations such as $x+y+...=1$ and then I want to ...
3
votes
2answers
313 views

Tweaking Solve for systems of polynomial equations

I am trying to solve the following system of $6$ quadratic equations in $6$ variables: ...
13
votes
2answers
968 views

Suppressing negative roots in Mathematica

Problem Using Mathematica's Solve operator can sometimes lead to an output involving a positive and negative root (say when solving for a variable such as ...
12
votes
2answers
653 views

Google Code Jam: Mountain View code review

After participating in Google Code Jam 2012 Round 2, it occurred to me that the Mountain View problem boiled down to solving a set of linear inequalities, which could be done in Mathematica. I've only ...
12
votes
1answer
200 views

Solve[ ] with Method -> Reduce gives a different result than Reduce[ ]

Why does Solve[Sqrt[x + Sqrt[x]] - Sqrt[x - Sqrt[x]] == m Sqrt[x/(x + Sqrt[x])], x, Reals, Method -> Reduce] give a different result than ...
11
votes
1answer
428 views

Mathematica implementation of Earth Movers Distance?

Has anyone implemented in Mathematica the Earth Mover's Distance (EMD)? A concept dating back to Monge 1871, used to compare histograms and images, e.g., the CIEDE2000 Color Difference algorithm. ...
8
votes
2answers
357 views

Trouble getting FindInstance to return multiple results for certain constraints

I'm having a hard time getting FindInstance to return multiple results. Consider this simple example: ...
7
votes
1answer
924 views

How to find the smallest root

I have a continuous, differentiable, monotonic, bounded function called F[t]. If t -> Infinity then ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Solving a system of linear equations modulo n

I have a system of linear equations $$ a+b+c \equiv 31 \pmod{54} $$ $$ 4a+2b+c \equiv 3 \pmod{54} $$ $$ 9a+3b+c \equiv 11 \pmod{54} $$ What should I input (I'm using ...
4
votes
3answers
830 views

Solving Integrals

Here's a problem that I don't understand. f[x_] := Exp[Cos[3*x]] g[x_] := (1/3)*x^3 - x^2 + 2 When I try to find the limit: ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Replace function and its derivatives found with Solve

If I have an equation eq = f[x] + g[x] == 0 and I solve for f[x] sol = Solve[eq,f[x]] ...
3
votes
3answers
202 views

What is the formula for this numerical series?

I'm developing a questions game. My goal is that the score for each correct answer will increase as the user answers more questions. Initially there are 15 points for each correct answer. Every 4 ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

How can I exhibit the evaluation of formulas in a Mathcad-like way?

How can I create a function F that works like this: x = 2 f1 = x^2 + 3 f2=x+5 F[f1] x^2 + 3 = 2^2 + 3 = 7 ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Why does Mathematica struggle with solving this equation?

Consider the evaluation of the following expression In[20]:= Reduce[ 1000 * 1.0609^t == 1500, t] ...
8
votes
5answers
652 views
7
votes
1answer
687 views

How to Simplify equations over a Ring with Mathematica?

For example, when we work over a ring, the equation x^3=0 does not imply x^2=0 or x=0, but ...
6
votes
0answers
61 views

Strange result of Reduce and ForAll

In the question Can Mathematica tell me if a polynomial has all real roots?, quite a few of interesting answers were given. I wanted to add another one, using quantors, and observed some strange ...
6
votes
4answers
151 views

Minimizing a function with a constant $l > 0$

I'm VERY new to Mathematica and would like some help with minimizing a function. $$f(x) = \frac{1}{2} \sqrt{\frac{\left(l^4+x^4\right)^2}{l^4 x^2}}$$ I want to find which $x-value$ (probably ...
6
votes
1answer
172 views

The third argument of the Root function

Consider the roots of an arbitrary indecomposable polynomial: sol = Solve[x^5 + 2 x + 1 == 0, x] The returned expression is ...
6
votes
4answers
411 views

Manipulating Equations

I would like to be able to manipulate algebraic equations. For example, let's say I enter 3x+5==2 I would next like to be able to manually subtract $2$ from both ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

Find the domain in which a sequence converges

I seem to have a lot of problems in the format of: Given the sequence $a_n=\frac{n^\alpha+1}{2n^8+5}$, for $\alpha > 0$, find the values of $\alpha$ such that the sequence converges. However, ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How to find the sum all even numbers of this sequence?

I have a sequence $(u_{n})$ $$u_1= 1, \quad u_2 = 2, \quad u_3 = 3, \quad u_{n}= -u_{n-3} + 3u _{n-2} +2 u_{n-1}, \quad \forall n \geqslant 4.$$ I want to list the first $20$ terms of this sequence ...
4
votes
2answers
572 views

How do I solve N simultaneous equations for N variables?

I have a function: f[x_] := x + 31 x^3 + 5 x^25 Which I want to find an expansion for: ...