Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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1
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1answer
273 views

General form of a linear transformation

Let $v_1 = \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and $v_2=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and let $A= \begin{bmatrix} 3 & 2 \\ -2 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$ be a matrix for $T\colon \Bbb ...
1
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3answers
150 views

automatic processing of numerical results in `Plot`

First I want to solve an equation $F(x,y)=0$ for $y$ by supplying a value of $x$. (suppose obtaining the analytic form of $y(x)$ is too difficult) Then I want to plot root $y$ (numerically calculated) ...
1
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2answers
370 views

solving for one solution to a system of polynomials

I'm trying to solve a system of equations: ...
0
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1answer
133 views

How to solve this nonlinear 2 by 2 equations?

I have a equation (x^2 + q1^2 - y^2)/2*(x + q1 - y) + (1 - 2*a)*q + 2*F = 2*(1 - a)*c[q] in q(variable) with parameters q1,a,F and function c(in variable q also, and I define it outside Solve so I can ...
0
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1answer
270 views

How to use `FindRoot` to solve an equation containing a parameter?

I'm trying to derive some of the results of the following paper: Electrodynamics of semiconductor-coated noble metal nanoshells, JT Manassah - Physical Review A In the paper there is matrix $\mathbf ...
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2answers
98 views

Gaps in plots of equation solution from parameter

I'm trying to plot solution of system of equations as a function of parameter ...
-2
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1answer
50 views

Solve For X inside arc-cos function (with division) [closed]

Very basic but I've been stuck for more than 12 hours trying to solver this equation 20=360/(arccos(X/3200)*2) Can anyone solve X? and explain what exactly you ...
12
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2answers
3k views

FindRoot Domain restriction

I am solving a system of four non-linear equations in four variables using FindRoot. I have some sense of the relationship between the variables so I don't want Mathematica to do its computations in ...
19
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1answer
1k views

The Orbit and Perigee of the Flamsteed comet

Historical context This year we have the 330-th anniversary of the Battle of Vienna - one of the great formative events of European history, it took place on September 12, 1683. Kara Mustafa, Grand ...
8
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3answers
483 views

1D quasicrystal: points on a line nearest to points on a lattice

I have a simple lattice / line manipulation: ...
19
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2answers
1k views

Using the Krylov method for Solve: Speeding up a SparseArray calculation

I'm trying to implement this Total Variation Regularized Numerical Differentiation (TVDiff) code in MMA (which I found through this SO answer): essentially I want to differentiate noisy data. The full ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Why won't Mathematica Solve a set of two equations for one variable?

For example, if I try to Solve this set of equations Solve[y == 3 x + 5 && y == -x + 7, {x, y}] Mathematica gives the right values for ...
8
votes
1answer
198 views

Unexpected behaviour of Solve applied to two equations in two variables

I have a simple Mathematica expression Solve[{a(a-1)Sqrt[1+a^2+b^2] == b(a^3-1), b(b-1)Sqrt[1+a^2+b^2] == a(b^3-1)}] which returns (on version 8.0, and also ...
7
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1answer
858 views

What are the algorithm details of FindRoot?

The Help page of FindRoot says: "by default, FindRoot uses Newton's method (Newton-Raphson) to solve a nonlinear system". But I ...
7
votes
1answer
423 views

Issue with the NDSolve code

With this procedure, one may determine an eigen-value function $R(a)$ for any given $\Xi$ (say 0, 25, 50, 75, 100) ...
6
votes
2answers
728 views

Solution of equation with power series (perturbation)

So I need to use Mathematica to find the solution of $y=x- \epsilon \sin(2y)$ as a power series in terms of $\epsilon$. I'd assume I'd need to create an equation $f=x-y- \epsilon \sin(2y)$, then ...
4
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4answers
605 views

An easier way to find the properties of an ellipse from its equation?

In this Q&A about fitting an ellipse to a set of points, there are multiple answers that generated general equations of the ellipse, like this one by @ubpdqn: However, the steps to find out the ...
4
votes
1answer
536 views

How to solve this equation with integers as a solution?

I want to solve the equation $$x^y + y = y^x + x$$ with $x$, $y$ are integer numbers. I tried Solve[x^y + y == y^x + x, {x, y}, Integers] How to solve the ...
4
votes
3answers
446 views

Symbolic derivative of $n$-term product

I want to determine the relationship that must exist between the $x_i$ and $y_i$ such that $$ \frac{\partial}{\partial\theta} \prod_{i=1}^n \frac{f(x_i,\theta)}{f(y_i,\theta)} = 0, $$ where $$ ...
4
votes
3answers
439 views

How to obtain a fixed number of solutions to $x+y=1$?

How to obtain a fixed number of solutions to $x+y=1$? For example, I want 4 solutions: $(1,0),(2,-1),(3,-2),(-2,3)$ I want to do this also on bigger equations such as $x+y+...=1$ and then I want to ...
3
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2answers
307 views

Tweaking Solve for systems of polynomial equations

I am trying to solve the following system of $6$ quadratic equations in $6$ variables: ...
13
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2answers
945 views

Suppressing negative roots in Mathematica

Problem Using Mathematica's Solve operator can sometimes lead to an output involving a positive and negative root (say when solving for a variable such as ...
12
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2answers
650 views

Google Code Jam: Mountain View code review

After participating in Google Code Jam 2012 Round 2, it occurred to me that the Mountain View problem boiled down to solving a set of linear inequalities, which could be done in Mathematica. I've only ...
12
votes
1answer
198 views

Solve[ ] with Method -> Reduce gives a different result than Reduce[ ]

Why does Solve[Sqrt[x + Sqrt[x]] - Sqrt[x - Sqrt[x]] == m Sqrt[x/(x + Sqrt[x])], x, Reals, Method -> Reduce] give a different result than ...
10
votes
1answer
420 views

Mathematica implementation of Earth Movers Distance?

Has anyone implemented in Mathematica the Earth Mover's Distance (EMD)? A concept dating back to Monge 1871, used to compare histograms and images, e.g., the CIEDE2000 Color Difference algorithm. ...
8
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2answers
344 views

Trouble getting FindInstance to return multiple results for certain constraints

I'm having a hard time getting FindInstance to return multiple results. Consider this simple example: ...
7
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1answer
902 views

How to find the smallest root

I have a continuous, differentiable, monotonic, bounded function called F[t]. If t -> Infinity then ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Solving a system of linear equations modulo n

I have a system of linear equations $$ a+b+c \equiv 31 \pmod{54} $$ $$ 4a+2b+c \equiv 3 \pmod{54} $$ $$ 9a+3b+c \equiv 11 \pmod{54} $$ What should I input (I'm using ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Replace function and its derivatives found with Solve

If I have an equation eq = f[x] + g[x] == 0 and I solve for f[x] sol = Solve[eq,f[x]] ...
3
votes
3answers
198 views

What is the formula for this numerical series?

I'm developing a questions game. My goal is that the score for each correct answer will increase as the user answers more questions. Initially there are 15 points for each correct answer. Every 4 ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

How can I exhibit the evaluation of formulas in a Mathcad-like way?

How can I create a function F that works like this: x = 2 f1 = x^2 + 3 f2=x+5 F[f1] x^2 + 3 = 2^2 + 3 = 7 ...
11
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1answer
263 views

FindInstance returns Indeterminate in version 9, but not in 8

Here is a trivial system of equations in three unknowns for which FindInstance obtains a solution: ...
11
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4answers
3k views

Why does Mathematica struggle with solving this equation?

Consider the evaluation of the following expression In[20]:= Reduce[ 1000 * 1.0609^t == 1500, t] ...
7
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2answers
232 views

Behavior of Reduce with variables as domain

When using Reduce, I accidentally put a set of variables as the domain. To my surprise, it not only seems that Reduce expects ...
6
votes
4answers
149 views

Minimizing a function with a constant $l > 0$

I'm VERY new to Mathematica and would like some help with minimizing a function. $$f(x) = \frac{1}{2} \sqrt{\frac{\left(l^4+x^4\right)^2}{l^4 x^2}}$$ I want to find which $x-value$ (probably ...
6
votes
1answer
170 views

The third argument of the Root function

Consider the roots of an arbitrary indecomposable polynomial: sol = Solve[x^5 + 2 x + 1 == 0, x] The returned expression is ...
6
votes
4answers
408 views

Manipulating Equations

I would like to be able to manipulate algebraic equations. For example, let's say I enter 3x+5==2 I would next like to be able to manually subtract $2$ from both ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

Find the domain in which a sequence converges

I seem to have a lot of problems in the format of: Given the sequence $a_n=\frac{n^\alpha+1}{2n^8+5}$, for $\alpha > 0$, find the values of $\alpha$ such that the sequence converges. However, ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How to find the sum all even numbers of this sequence?

I have a sequence $(u_{n})$ $$u_1= 1, \quad u_2 = 2, \quad u_3 = 3, \quad u_{n}= -u_{n-3} + 3u _{n-2} +2 u_{n-1}, \quad \forall n \geqslant 4.$$ I want to list the first $20$ terms of this sequence ...
4
votes
2answers
562 views

How do I solve N simultaneous equations for N variables?

I have a function: f[x_] := x + 31 x^3 + 5 x^25 Which I want to find an expansion for: ...
3
votes
0answers
138 views

Nonlinear FEM and FindRoot

I'm trying to develop a kind of nonlinear FEM application using mathematica to solve a bvp like the following: $$ \gamma(u') ~u^{iv} + 2 \gamma'(u') u''' u''+ u''^3 = f(x) $$ where $u = ...
3
votes
1answer
890 views

Solve pair of recurrence relations

[Corrected equations and added simple example] Can you solve a system of (loosely) coupled recurrence relations like this in Mathematica somehow? ...
3
votes
3answers
814 views

Solving Integrals

Here's a problem that I don't understand. f[x_] := Exp[Cos[3*x]] g[x_] := (1/3)*x^3 - x^2 + 2 When I try to find the limit: ...
2
votes
2answers
201 views

Solving a system of nonlinear equations 2

Regarding this question: Solving a system of nonlinear equations When I try to solve the same system (with the code proposed in Daniel Lichtblau's answer) with different Right Hand Side values, ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

How do I feed data points into an equation to solve NUMERICALLY?

I start with this equation and solve it numerically for $z(x,y)$ in the range $1 < x < 5$ and $1 < y < 5$: $$ \frac{3}{xyz} - 2x - 3y - 5z = 0 $$ Then using the data points of $z$ above, ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Solve and plot an equation that is dependent on a transcendental equation

I am trying to plot a function that uses the values of a transcendental equation as its input values: y = Tanh[(2 y + x)/2.5] z = 2.5 * Log[2*Cosh[(2 y + x)/2.5]] ...
2
votes
2answers
408 views

Count and plot the number of solutions in an interval

I have equations depending on one or more parameters and I want to find and plot regions in the parameter space in which there is a specific number of solutions. For definiteness let's consider a ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Why doesn't Mathematica solve $x=\cos\,x$ properly? [duplicate]

Why doesn't Mathematica solve x == Cos[x] properly? Both Solve and NSolve fail with the ...
1
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2answers
118 views

How to solve ArcSinh equation for many differents parameters?

I am totally stuck trying to solve the equation below (1/2) x Sqrt[1 + 4 a^2 x^2] + ArcSinh[2 a x]/(4 a) == d Where a and ...
0
votes
1answer
629 views