Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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13
votes
2answers
442 views

Is there a way to use functions like Prime[n] within Solve[]?

I'm trying to see if a number can be written as the sum of two prime numbers. Ideally, I would like to use Solve[ Prime[n] + Prime[m] == 100, {n, m}] But that ...
12
votes
1answer
135 views

Strange result of Reduce and ForAll

In the question Can Mathematica tell me if a polynomial has all real roots?, quite a few of interesting answers were given. I wanted to add another one, using quantors, and observed some strange ...
9
votes
4answers
778 views

Finding the roots of Hypergeometric1F1[]

I am trying to find the roots, λ, for this equation: Hypergeometric1F1[1/4 (2 -  λ /β), n + 1, β] for certain ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Inverse of a complicated function

Mathematica is struggling to find the inverse of this function f(r): ...
4
votes
1answer
698 views

How do I use RSolve to solve a system of recurrence relations?

I am trying to solve a system of recurrence relations as follows. ...
3
votes
1answer
563 views

FindRoot giving false roots with Bessel Functions

I have read in some places about the errors associated with FindRoot, but the closest thing I can find on this website seems to be due to the imaginary unit. I am dealing with what should be a ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

NDSolve does not respond

For some sets of constants, NDSolve gives me true solutions, but when I try for example, T = 1/(2*2200), Mathematica does not respond. What can I do? The code below ...
3
votes
1answer
760 views

Solving Simultaneous Equations

I am trying to solve two equations that take the form: $W_0 \sqrt{1+\left(\dfrac{z}{\lambda\,\pi\, W_{0}^2}\right)}=W_1\;\,\quad \ldots(1)$ $W_0\sqrt{1+\left( \dfrac{z+0.1}{\lambda\, \pi\, ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

How to convert a system of parametric equations to a normal equation?

For example, I have a system of parametric equations (R is a constant number) : ...
2
votes
1answer
562 views

How do I get all possible solutions in an underdetermined system? [duplicate]

I have two problems which I'd like to solve with Mathematica. If I have a system of two equations with three unknowns, how can I get to list all possible solutions for the unknowns? Here is what I ...
1
vote
3answers
243 views

Solve simple trig equation

I would like to solve this equation: $$-x\sin(x)=\cos(x)$$ But Solve in Mathematica doesn't work: This system cannot be solved with the methods available to ...
1
vote
1answer
721 views

Using previous two solutions as a start point in FindRoot

I need to solve a sequence of equations and I want the starting point of each new FindRoot to be the solution of the earlier FindRoot, increased or decreased by a a bit in the following way: Some ...
0
votes
1answer
439 views

How to use `FindRoot` to solve an equation containing a parameter?

I'm trying to derive some of the results of the following paper: Electrodynamics of semiconductor-coated noble metal nanoshells, JT Manassah - Physical Review A In the paper there is matrix $\mathbf ...
8
votes
3answers
353 views

Bug: Wrong results from NSolve on coupled polynomials. WorkingPrecision->Automatic fails

OP UPDATE: I received an email from WR on 1-18-2016: "...It does appear that the NSolve function is not behaving properly in this case and I have forwarded an incident report to our developers with ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Find the parameter values satisfying conditions for all roots of an equation

Hi I'm very new at Mathematica. My real problems concerns a much more difficult equation with many parameters, but I want to check that the method is good, so I made up a test equation. My test ...
5
votes
2answers
351 views

Why doesn't Roots work on a certain quartic polynomial equation?

In everything that follows I am using Roots to get the solutions to the equations. I start off with this equation: $$ \frac{A}{3}x^4 - x^2 + 2ax - b^2 = 0$$ Now ...
4
votes
4answers
147 views

Implicit function theorem to higher order

Consider f[x_, y_] := Csc[0.482` y] Sin[0.963` x - 0.482` y] + 3.247` Csc[0.333` y] Sin[0.667` x - 0.333` y] + 5.049` Csc[0.119 y] Sin[0.238 x - 0.119 y] ...
4
votes
3answers
253 views

Why the inequality does not take into account the domain?

I have this inequality: Reduce[(4000-1000k)/(k-4) < 0] and the answer is k ∈ Reals I would expect ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

recursively solve equation and saving the values

I am new to Mathematica. I am trying to recursively solve an equation and saving the values into a Table. Since I need the real solutions only I use ...
3
votes
3answers
303 views

Solve: Merging two branches of the solution

I have the following code: ...
3
votes
1answer
453 views

Solution given by Wolfram Alpha but not _Mathematica_

Why will Mathematica not give a soluion to Solve[Log[x] == Log[j, Log[j, x]], j], but Wolfram Alpha will?
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Strange behavior of Reduce with a cubic equation

This equation: $(\frac{-a}{x})^2=\sqrt{\frac{1}{x}}$ at $a > 0$ and $x > 0$ has a clear solution $x=a^{4/3}$, doesn't it? However, ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Implementing Newton's method

I have this question on coding Newton's method in Mathematica. I have some code to go by but I have no clue if it's computing the functions in the right order. The book is the numerical methods ...
3
votes
3answers
239 views

Speed up Eliminate

I have a set of trig equations, c1,c2,c3 are constants, I excepted the result is c1 c2 c3 r^2 + (c1^2 + c2^2 + c3^2 - 1) r + c1 c2 c3 == 0 but following code ...
3
votes
3answers
957 views

How can I solve Tan[t] - t == F[x] for t as a function of x?

How can I solve the equation Tan[t] - t = Ax, where A is a constant for t[x]? I know that ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

How to properly interpret a seemingly contradictory result in Mathematica?

I have a problem with interpreting the results of my notebook outputs. It is important that I do not err with the interpretation. Here is the full input: ...
2
votes
3answers
458 views

Points of Intersection

How to numerically find points of intersection between pair of curves (Here,a circle and a parabola) ? Finding it a bit messy as, for a point on one curve, slope of the other is involved. ...
2
votes
2answers
337 views

NSolve for high degree univariate polynomials

I am trying to solve a high degree univariate polynomial using Mathematica's NSolve command. But when I plug the solutions generated by Mathematica back to the equations, the equations are massive ...
2
votes
1answer
671 views

How to guess initial complex value for FindRoot

I have to solve a transcendental equation for a parameter, say $\beta$. Now, the $\beta$ has a range from $ik$ to $k$ where $i$ is the usual imaginary root $\sqrt{-1}$ and $k$ is a real number. ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

NDSolve two PDE plus one ODE, together

I have a couple of PDE (time and space/length) that are correctly managed by NDSolve, but to which I’m adding an ODE on which the acc “accumulates”, through time, a ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Solve matrix equation A*X=X*B using LeastSquares

I want to solve matrix equation A*X=X*B using LeastSquares method, but it is suited for equation like A*X=B. All matrices are 3x3 ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

How to speed or help Solve[] when it is stuck?

The code below generates a system of equations that I need to Solve[] for {c[5], c[6], c[7], c[8]} in terms of {c[1], c[2], c[3], c[4]}. ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Solving systems of equations

So I have a set of equations like 12 of them but 13 variables. However I would like to find the numerical value of the roots for the maximum value of a particular variable. I don't know how to do that ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Applying N to the roots found by Solve gives complex numbers when the roots are real [closed]

I have a function which is f(x) = x^3 - 5 x^2 - x + 1. When I solve for x to find the zeros ...
1
vote
2answers
264 views

Mathematica can't minimize a function

Mathematica seems not to be able to minimize this univariate function over integer arguments, $r>2, r \in \mathbb{Z}$. ...
1
vote
3answers
155 views

automatic processing of numerical results in `Plot`

First I want to solve an equation $F(x,y)=0$ for $y$ by supplying a value of $x$. (suppose obtaining the analytic form of $y(x)$ is too difficult) Then I want to plot root $y$ (numerically calculated) ...
1
vote
2answers
287 views

Is there a better way to get the eight points of intersection?

I want to get the eight points of intersection from the equations 2 Abs[x] + Abs[y] == 1 and Abs[x] + 2 Abs[y] == 1. To solve ...
1
vote
2answers
429 views

solving for one solution to a system of polynomials

I'm trying to solve a system of equations: ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

More issues Integrate, NIntegrate, FindRoot

I'm trying to solve a system of 3 non-linear equations using FindRoot and Integrate. If I start FindRoot[] close to the right answer, it works well but returns a bunch of error messages first. ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

How to solve this nonlinear 2 by 2 equations?

I have a equation (x^2 + q1^2 - y^2)/2*(x + q1 - y) + (1 - 2*a)*q + 2*F = 2*(1 - a)*c[q] in q(variable) with parameters q1,a,F and function c(in variable q also, and I define it outside Solve so I can ...
-2
votes
1answer
86 views

Solve For X inside arc-cos function (with division) [closed]

Very basic but I've been stuck for more than 12 hours trying to solver this equation 20=360/(arccos(X/3200)*2) Can anyone solve X? and explain what exactly you ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Using the Krylov method for Solve: Speeding up a SparseArray calculation

I'm trying to implement this Total Variation Regularized Numerical Differentiation (TVDiff) code in MMA (which I found through this SO answer): essentially I want to differentiate noisy data. The full ...
22
votes
4answers
1k views

Hightlight all the self-intersections of a Lissajous figure

This graph–also known as a Lissajous figure–contains so many self-intersections.How can I highlight them? ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Is Mathematica `ContourPlot` function really so efficient?

I wanted to find the roots of the function $f(x,y)=\sin(3.2x)\sin(1.3y)-2.1 \sin(1.3x)\sin(3.2y)$. This is what the function looks like: ...
10
votes
3answers
611 views

1D quasicrystal: points on a line nearest to points on a lattice

I have a simple lattice / line manipulation: ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the algorithm details of FindRoot?

The Help page of FindRoot says: "by default, FindRoot uses Newton's method (Newton-Raphson) to solve a nonlinear system". But I ...
10
votes
2answers
249 views

How to solve for the intersection points of two ellipses?

I have a parametric equation of two ellipses as follow $\begin{cases} x=a_1 \text{sin$\theta $}+b_1 \text{cos$\theta $}+c_1 \\ y=d_1 \text{sin$\theta $}+e_1 \text{cos$\theta $}+f_1 \\ ...
5
votes
4answers
925 views

An easier way to find the properties of an ellipse from its equation?

In this Q&A about fitting an ellipse to a set of points, there are multiple answers that generated general equations of the ellipse, like this one by @ubpdqn: However, the steps to find out the ...
15
votes
1answer
284 views

What Method options does FindInstance accept?

While answering Trouble getting FindInstance to return multiple results for certain constraints it became clear that for this problem FindInstance would be better ...