Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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12
votes
1answer
881 views

Proving inequalities with Mathematica

Question summary: I would like to learn some tips and tricks on how to prove inequalities with Mathematica. I'm studying various inequalities in triangle that have the form $R+ar + bs\geq 0$, where ...
18
votes
5answers
15k views

Assign the results from a Solve to variable(s)

I understand Mathematica can't assign the results of a Solve to the unknowns because there may be more than 1 solution. How can I assign the 4 values of following result to variables?
12
votes
2answers
669 views

Google Code Jam: Mountain View code review

After participating in Google Code Jam 2012 Round 2, it occurred to me that the Mountain View problem boiled down to solving a set of linear inequalities, which could be done in Mathematica. I've only ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Why can't Mathematica “Solve” my equation?

I am trying to get Mathematica to solve the following equality in terms of $w_i$ $\displaystyle \frac{\sum_{i = 1}^{n} x_i }{\sum_{i = 1}^{n} y_i} = \frac{\sum_{i = 1}^{n} ( (\frac{x_i}{y_i}) w_i ) ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

How to solve an overdetermined system in Mathematica

I would like to understand the reasons and find a way to avoid such behaviour of the Solve function in Mathematica 8. ...
0
votes
2answers
211 views

Constraining two points, a specified distance apart, to a line

Suppose that I have two points in the xy plane: pt1 and pt2init. pt1 is fixed in space, ...
2
votes
1answer
488 views

Inconsistent initial and boundary conditions

I have a 4th order nonlinear PDE with the following BCs and IC: ...
3
votes
3answers
438 views

Animate a position change along the curve for every iteration

I've only had few previous experiences on Mathematica before. So basically an entry-level question that harasses a rookie like me. I made the following attempt using bisection method to calculate ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Replace function and its derivatives found with Solve

If I have an equation eq = f[x] + g[x] == 0 and I solve for f[x] sol = Solve[eq,f[x]] ...
9
votes
5answers
6k views

How to get rid of warnings when using Solve on an equation with inexact coefficients?

When I solve this equation in Mathematica 8, I can get the right answer, but with some uncomfortable warnings. Equation: ...
2
votes
1answer
473 views

Reduce/Solve an equation with symbols in powers

I am trying to solve the following equation with respect to x. eqn = x^z + y == a; But when I do ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

How to find solutions that yield of root of unity?

I have a polynomial with coefficients that are integer polynomials in another (complex) variable. For example: 1 + (1 - v^2) #1 + (-3 - v^2) #1^2 + #1^3 & I ...
3
votes
2answers
637 views

Solving a linear equation in Mathematica

This should be easy but I can't seem to find the right way to do it. I have an equation of the form $a x + b x + c y + a z + d z = 0$, and I'd like to solve for relations between the parameters ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Select Solution with real (positive, etc) coefficients - ignoring variables

I often need to solve equations for numerical coefficients while preserving numerous variables (e.g. to preserve scaling relations). Thus I end up with a set of solutions like $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Numerical rule evaluation -> {True, False} to deviation of target equation

I solve some equations numerically with FindRoot[] returning a quadruple {1,2,3,4}. Because the solver sometimes do not find any roots depending on parameterization of these equations I select only ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Error (NSolve::ifun) when using NSolve, I need help interpreting the error

I wrote the following code to observe how the solutions to the equation $(e^{i a})^2 = e^{i b}$ varied as $b$ varied between 0 and $2\pi$ ...
21
votes
7answers
5k views

About multi-root search in Mathematica for transcendental equations

I have some questions for multiroot search for transcendental equations. Is there any clever solution to find all the roots for a transcendental equation in a specific range? Perhaps ...
2
votes
3answers
966 views

Finding roots of nontrivial equation

I am trying to solve the following nontrivial equation: ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Solving an equation and finding a couple of results given that they are integer

My problem is to find all solutions to an equation with 2 variables between two values that define the range of my search. e.g., $(x+y-y²)/(1-y-x²)=0$ with solutions ${x,y} \in \mathbb{Z}$.
7
votes
1answer
974 views

How to find the smallest root

I have a continuous, differentiable, monotonic, bounded function called F[t]. If t -> Infinity then ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Solving complex equations

I feel like I am missing a basic, but key point when using Mathematica's Solve or Reduce. ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Conditional expression

How do I evaluate a conditional expression in order to convert the solutions that are in terms of $x$ to a new variable $c$ depending on $x$? The conventional method I have been using with eliminate ...
5
votes
1answer
605 views

Solving recurrence relation using Mathematica defined in a piecewise way

I have a recurrence relation defined as following: RSolve[ { p[0] == p0, p[1] == λ p[0]/μ, p[i + 1] == λ p[i]/(2 μ) }, p[i], i ] Note that the relation ...
18
votes
2answers
4k views

Can Reduce *really* not solve for x here?

Sometimes I get the feeling I'm just flailing blindly with Mathematica. Is solving for $x$ in the equation $$ \frac{\cosh (x/2)}{x} = \sqrt{2} $$ really beyond the scope of Mathematica? I try to ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to invert an integral equation

There have been numerous times when I've needed to invert an integral equation, i.e. I have something like $$f(x) = g_1(x)\int_{0}^x g_2(x') dx'$$ for arbitrary functions $g_1$ and $g_2$, and ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Trouble using FindInstance with MatrixRank

I'm really confused about what's going wrong with my call to FindInstance: ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Using the Krylov method for Solve: Speeding up a SparseArray calculation

I'm trying to implement this Total Variation Regularized Numerical Differentiation (TVDiff) code in MMA (which I found through this SO answer): essentially I want to differentiate noisy data. The full ...
8
votes
2answers
773 views

Number of iterations in NSolve

In Excel's solver, one can define how many iterations are to be done, to one's liking. I am wondering if this is possible to do with NSolve in Mathematica? Code ...
4
votes
2answers
934 views

Solving inequalities for positive Integers

Consider the following; ...
10
votes
1answer
708 views

Find roots of polynomial in field extension $GF(2^n)$?

How can I find roots of polynomial in extension field $GF(2^n)$?
11
votes
1answer
435 views

Mathematica implementation of Earth Movers Distance?

Has anyone implemented in Mathematica the Earth Mover's Distance (EMD)? A concept dating back to Monge 1871, used to compare histograms and images, e.g., the CIEDE2000 Color Difference algorithm. ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

recursively solve equation and saving the values

I am new to Mathematica. I am trying to recursively solve an equation and saving the values into a Table. Since I need the real solutions only I use ...
10
votes
3answers
382 views

FindInstance with a Diophantine equation seems to go on forever

I tried to find a non-trivial integer solution to the equation $$2012^2=a^2+b^2+c^2+d^2+e^2$$ with Mathematica but the computation takes minutes; I might be doing something wrong. ...
12
votes
1answer
203 views

Solve[ ] with Method -> Reduce gives a different result than Reduce[ ]

Why does Solve[Sqrt[x + Sqrt[x]] - Sqrt[x - Sqrt[x]] == m Sqrt[x/(x + Sqrt[x])], x, Reals, Method -> Reduce] give a different result than ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Solve Lagrange multipliers optimization problem

I have two nested solid figure, where $V(a,h,\tau)$ defines the volume and $A(a,h,t)$ defines the surface. The outer solid figure is parametrized in $a_s$,$h_s$ and $t_s$ (they share a common center). ...
8
votes
1answer
911 views

Handling failed FindRoot calls

I want to handle FindRoot calls which did not converge (e.g "thrown" error message FindRoot::cvmit) ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Backsubstituting solution into FindRoot

I am trying to solve a system of equations which is dependent to an parameter alpha. So I iterate over alpha via a ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to find regions that satisfy this inequality?

I am new to Mathematica and would like to find the set $$\{ (x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2: (3x+y\exp(xy))(x-a) + (6y + x \exp(xy))(y-b) < 0 \}$$ for some constants $a$ and $b$. How can I do ...
5
votes
2answers
395 views

Equation solving with GroebnerBasis

I have a system of quadratic equations defined below ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Solve in terms of specific variables

As part of my physics homework (which I do not need the answer for, as I did it by hand, and got the correct $$\frac{m_1 g-m_2 g \sin(\theta)}{-m_1-m_2}$$ as the answer) I would have liked to have ...
4
votes
2answers
752 views

How to solve for an Z-Score of a T-Distribution?

I'm looking for the Z-Score for a distribution, where the integrated area sums up to 0.90. Unfortunately I always get an error from Mathematica, ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I get Mathematica to solve an equation with multiple variables?

How can I get mathematica to solve the non-homogeneous differential equation with undetermined coefficients listed below? Solve $\ y''(t)+3y'(t) = 2t^4 $, using: $\ y_p(t) = ...
6
votes
2answers
513 views

Very long Refine/Solve batch run - is my code broken, or just complicated?

So I'm trying to run some Mathematica code in batch mode from my university cluster. Specifically, I'm trying to find the equilibria of a system of ordinary differential equations. Inspired by the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Mathematica Can't Evaluate This?

I am trying to find the inverse function of $\frac{\ln{x}}{x^2}$ in Mathematica. I am using the Solve[] function to find the inverse (yes, I know about ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Root finding in Mathematica

I am new to Mathematica. I have used the WolframAlpha online calculator to find roots of equations (listed under the heading Root in the output generated in ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

RootSearch for complex or multiple equations

First the background. I'm trying to solve for the roots of a rather messy complex equation. This is not the exact equation, but it's a decent (simpler) stand in: ...
3
votes
1answer
283 views

Result of Reduce contains duplicate terms

On my system, the result of this: f[x_] := 2 Sin[x] + Sin[x]^2; Reduce[f'[x] == 0, x] contains the following expression twice: ...
6
votes
3answers
758 views

Arithmetic operation on the value returned by Solve

I want to modify the value that is returned by Solve. Example: SolC1 = Solve[Sin[ π x / L] == 1, x] {{x -> L/2}} I need to add n to x so that x becomes ...
17
votes
3answers
967 views

Using results of Reduce

Suppose I have function f: f[x_, y_] := 50000 + x 30000 + y 35000; Now I want to find the x and y when f[]<=200000. I use Reduce: ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Suppressing negative roots in Mathematica

Problem Using Mathematica's Solve operator can sometimes lead to an output involving a positive and negative root (say when solving for a variable such as ...