Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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10
votes
3answers
735 views

Finding “Maxima” and “Minima” on a B-Spline

I need to find the "Maxima" and "Minima" on a B-Spline or more correct the points where the 2nd components of the derivate equal zero. For example: ...
10
votes
3answers
305 views

Problems Computing (in a reasonable amount of time) Solutions to a System of Inequalities

For my Cryptography research I am interested in finding solutions to the following inequalities in terms of $r$ and $s$, where $p$ is some fixed constant. $$\begin{align} 2^{p - s + 4} + 2^{p - r} + ...
10
votes
3answers
409 views

Reduce can't reduce an equation without appropriate assumptions

When there are three unknowns (x, y, z), Mathematica can solve it: ...
10
votes
3answers
508 views

1D quasicrystal: points on a line nearest to points on a lattice

I have a simple lattice / line manipulation: ...
10
votes
2answers
723 views

Finding all possible solutions to a math mind game

In the example below the letters shall be replaced by numbers. The numbers are from 1 to 9, and each letter has the same number ...
10
votes
2answers
673 views

Mathematica isn't sure whether a sum of two positives is positive or not

Mathematica is not able to tell whether a summation of two positive expressions is positive or not. Which is very strange. My three symbolic arguments, $x$, $y$, and $z$, are all real numbers bounded ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I find all the solutions of three simultaneous equations within a given box?

Sometimes, one needs to find all the solutions of three simultaneous nonlinear equations in three unknowns $$\begin{align*}f(x,y,z)&=0\\g(x,y,z)&=0\\h(x,y,z)&=0\end{align*}$$ within a ...
10
votes
1answer
142 views

Using Simplify on a consistent system returns False

Bug introduced in 8.0 and persisting through 10.1.0 or later It's late, but am I missing something here? Why should two independent equations, which together are consistent, ...
10
votes
1answer
275 views

Efficient way to solve equal sums $x_1^k+x_2^k+\dots+x_5^k=y_1^k+y_2^k+\dots+y_5^k$ with Mathematica?

I need to solve the system of equations, call it $S_1$, in the integers $$x_1x_2x_3x_4x_5 = y_1y_2y_3y_4y_5$$ $$x_1^k+x_2^k+\dots+x_5^k=y_1^k+y_2^k+\dots+y_5^k,\;\; k= 2,4,6$$ I used a very ...
10
votes
1answer
707 views

Find roots of polynomial in field extension $GF(2^n)$?

How can I find roots of polynomial in extension field $GF(2^n)$?
9
votes
3answers
142 views

How to find the solutions to $a+b+c+d=60$?

How can I find all the solutions to: $$a+b+c+d=60\quad (0\leq a,b,c,d\leq 30,\; a,b,c,d\in\mathbb N)$$ I've tried to use Solve[], but it says that there are more ...
9
votes
4answers
718 views

Finding the roots of Hypergeometric1F1[]

I am trying to find the roots, λ, for this equation: Hypergeometric1F1[1/4 (2 -  λ /β), n + 1, β] for certain ...
9
votes
2answers
861 views

How to solve a system of equations of the Vietnamese Mathematical Olympiad?

This is a system of equations of the Vietnamese Mathematical Olympiad 2013, the first day. Solve the system of equations $$\begin{cases} \sqrt{\sin^2 x + \dfrac{1}{\sin^2 x}} + \sqrt{\cos^2 y + ...
9
votes
5answers
683 views

Create filling between two trig functions

Working with trig functions, period, amplitude, etc. I found a worksheet at a calculus website, with some nice questions related to interpreting trig functions, at least, they provide some "fun" ...
9
votes
5answers
6k views

How to get rid of warnings when using Solve on an equation with inexact coefficients?

When I solve this equation in Mathematica 8, I can get the right answer, but with some uncomfortable warnings. Equation: ...
9
votes
2answers
614 views

Solving/Reducing equations in $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$

I was trying to find all the numbers $n$ for which $2^n=n\mod 10^k$ using Mathematica. My first try: Reduce[2^n == n, n, Modulus -> 100] However, I receive ...
9
votes
3answers
788 views

Using FindInstance to Prove No Solutions Exist

For a small amount of background, I am currently working on an undergraduate research project in Combinatorial Geometry and I'm working on a case analysis for embedding spherical simplicial ...
9
votes
1answer
974 views

What are the algorithm details of FindRoot?

The Help page of FindRoot says: "by default, FindRoot uses Newton's method (Newton-Raphson) to solve a nonlinear system". But I ...
9
votes
1answer
241 views

$1 - \sqrt{5}$ $\in$ $\mathbf{R}$?

Why is there a difference in the output of the following codes? First: ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

RootSearch for complex or multiple equations

First the background. I'm trying to solve for the roots of a rather messy complex equation. This is not the exact equation, but it's a decent (simpler) stand in: ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

First positive root

Simple question but problem with NSolve. I need help how to extract first positive root? For example: ...
8
votes
5answers
714 views
8
votes
2answers
626 views

How do I solve this equation?

I want to solve the equation $$ f(f(-1)) = \sqrt{2} + g(f(2)), $$ where $$f(x) = \dfrac{a}{x^2} - 3x + 2, \quad g(x) = a\cdot \sin 2x$$ $a$ is unknown. The solution is $a \approx{-5.81}$. I tried ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Checking if the roots of a function are real

I'm trying to determine if the roots of a function are real. How would you do that? (In particular I'm interested in verifying that the roots of LegendreP[6, x] ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

NDSolve with vectors

I'm stumped. I'm trying to write this using vectors, but the 2nd derivative isn't being expanded like I expected it to be. This is a system of equations for a projectile with quadratic drag and ...
8
votes
3answers
618 views

How do I make Reduce yield all solutions explicitly?

Say I want to do the following: Reduce[ x+y+z==1, {x,y,z}, Modulus -> 7 ] then I get a solution with parameters, C[1] : ...
8
votes
3answers
296 views

Is there a relatively quick way to solve my integer-valued equation?

This is a very simple problem. It can be solved by nested Forloops that exhaustively test every possible case, throwing out all non-solutions. Find all the ...
8
votes
2answers
316 views

How can I only draw outer common tangent to two circles?

I have code worked for drawing common tangent lines to two circles(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tangent_lines_to_circles), now I want to delete the inner common tangent lines, how? ...
8
votes
2answers
439 views

Finding all points of period n in an iterated map

I'm trying to implement an algorithm of Jenkinson and Pollicott to calculate the Hausdorff dimension of a Julia set for the map $f_c : z\mapsto z^2 + c$. It's described on page 40 of their paper, ...
8
votes
1answer
911 views

Handling failed FindRoot calls

I want to handle FindRoot calls which did not converge (e.g "thrown" error message FindRoot::cvmit) ...
8
votes
4answers
224 views

Combining solutions while solving

Here is a simple representation of my problem. I want to solve Solve[(w^2*c^2 /. #) - 1 == 0, w]& /@ {{c -> 1}, {c -> 2}} ...
8
votes
2answers
930 views

Find the parameter values satisfying conditions for all roots of an equation

Hi I'm very new at Mathematica. My real problems concerns a much more difficult equation with many parameters, but I want to check that the method is good, so I made up a test equation. My test ...
8
votes
2answers
773 views

Number of iterations in NSolve

In Excel's solver, one can define how many iterations are to be done, to one's liking. I am wondering if this is possible to do with NSolve in Mathematica? Code ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Inverse of a complicated function

Mathematica is struggling to find the inverse of this function f(r): ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How to find the maximum value of an integer that satisfies some inequality

Consider the following Mathematica expression: Reduce[2^j/(j + 1) <= 10, j, Integers] which outputs: ...
8
votes
3answers
801 views

Can Mathematica solve this sort of functional/differential equation?

I am looking for differentiable functions $f$ from the unit interval to itself that satisfy the following equation $\forall\:p \in \left( 0,1 \right)$: $$1-p-f(f(p))-f(p)f'(f(p))=0$$ Is there a way ...
8
votes
2answers
368 views

Trouble getting FindInstance to return multiple results for certain constraints

I'm having a hard time getting FindInstance to return multiple results. Consider this simple example: ...
8
votes
1answer
522 views

Complex valued 2+1D nonlinear PDE using NDSolve

I am trying to follow the main ideas presented in this question, applying it to my own problem, which is a complex, time-dependent, nonlinear PDE: $$i \frac{\partial \psi}{\partial t} = \left[ ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Solve Lagrange multipliers optimization problem

I have two nested solid figure, where $V(a,h,\tau)$ defines the volume and $A(a,h,t)$ defines the surface. The outer solid figure is parametrized in $a_s$,$h_s$ and $t_s$ (they share a common center). ...
8
votes
1answer
198 views

Unexpected behaviour of Solve applied to two equations in two variables

I have a simple Mathematica expression Solve[{a(a-1)Sqrt[1+a^2+b^2] == b(a^3-1), b(b-1)Sqrt[1+a^2+b^2] == a(b^3-1)}] which returns (on version 8.0, and also ...
8
votes
0answers
167 views

FindRoot kills kernel

Bug introduced in 7.0.1 or earlier and persists through 10.0.2. Fixed in 10.1.0. I'm having problems with FindRoot killing the kernel. In my real application, I want to FindRoot on a black-box ...
8
votes
0answers
506 views

Creating and using an explicit piecewise function in a convenient way

I have a set of data points that define a function in the form curvePts = {data1,data2,...} where ...
7
votes
4answers
689 views

How many times do the two given curves intersect at the origin?

I'm reading/studying on my own a book about algebraic curves. I'm trying to find a way for Mathematica help me with the following (the book, ISBN: 038731802X, allows me to use any CAS / program. ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Finding the number of solutions to a diophantine equation

I want to count total number of the natural solutions (different from 0) of the equation $2x + 3y + z = 100$, but don't know how. How can I calculate it using Mathematica? I tried: ...
7
votes
4answers
612 views

Solving $L=\frac{3}{2} \sqrt{4 \pi ^2 A^2+W^2}-\frac{\sqrt{5 W \sqrt{4 \pi ^2 A^2+W^2}+6 \pi ^2 A^2+3 W^2}}{\sqrt{2}}+\frac{3 W}{2}$ for $W$

When I solve the aforementioned equation for $W$ or $A$ on Mathematica I get a long and ugly equation in return, namely one of the solutions for $W$ is: (attempt to read at your own health) ...
7
votes
6answers
438 views

Finding where two parametric paths cross?

I have been looking through other parametric equations questions and am still unsure where to start with this one. I am given two functions: ...
7
votes
4answers
491 views

Defining a Unique Domain for Solving Diophantine Equations

I am working on a research problem in discrete geometry to do with sphere packings, and believe it or not, I have been able to reduce it to finding the solutions to the Diophantine equation, $$n = ...
7
votes
3answers
500 views

Efficient code for solve this equation

We have $a*b*c=-1$, $\frac{a^2}{c}+\frac{b}{c^2}=1$, $a^2 b+a c^2+b^2 c=t$ What's the value of $a^5 c+a b^5+b c^5$? I tried ...
7
votes
5answers
377 views

Why is FindInstance finding non-instances?

Consider this example: FindInstance[Exists[{x, y}, x > 1 && y > 1 && x > Sqrt[x + y]], {x, y}] which finds values of $x$ and $y$ such ...