Questions on the analytic and numeric equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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6
votes
4answers
392 views

How to find an approximate solution in a region when Solve or NSolve does not work?

Consider the relation x/Tan[Pi x] == y/Tan[Pi y] Solve or NSolve can't give a solution ...
16
votes
1answer
700 views

Bug in Solve (Mathematica 9)

Just came across the strangest bug under both Mathematica 9.0.0 and 9.0.1. If one enters: Solve[m == p Sin[x] && -Pi/2 < x < Pi/2, x] ... then ...
10
votes
3answers
332 views

FindInstance with a Diophantine equation seems to go on forever

I tried to find a non-trivial integer solution to the equation $$2012^2=a^2+b^2+c^2+d^2+e^2$$ with Mathematica but the computation takes minutes; I might be doing something wrong. ...
7
votes
3answers
498 views

NDSolve and {C, K, Slot} and other built-ins as a variable name

The following problem is an exploration of what causes the error "Input is not an ordinary differential equation" in Mathematica as it seems to have changed from version 8 to version 9. Specifically ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How to get exact roots of this polynomial?

The equation $$ 64x^7 -112x^5 -8x^4 +56x^3 +8x^2 -7x - 1 = 0 $$ has seven solutions $x = 1$, $x = -\dfrac{1}{2}$ and $x = \cos \dfrac{2n\pi}{11}$, where $n$ runs from $1$ to $5$. With ...
4
votes
2answers
274 views

find where 3 inequalities are simultaneously greater than zero

I have 3 functions: f11[l], f12[l] and f13[l], and I would like to know for which values of ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Solving complex equations

I feel like I am missing a basic, but key point when using Mathematica's Solve or Reduce. ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Backsubstituting solution into FindRoot

I am trying to solve a system of equations which is dependent to an parameter alpha. So I iterate over alpha via a ...
3
votes
1answer
424 views

Solving a differential equation with initial conditions

I want to get a solution to an ordinary differential equation with imposed initial conditions. I'm confused about why my following code doesn't work: ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Eliminate z from two equations in x, y, z and plot y as a function of x [closed]

I have this equation to begin with: $$1 - 3 x y = 5 z - 2 x $$ I want to solve this equation for $z(x,y)$, then plug $z(x,y)$ I plug $z$ inside a second equation: $$ y = 7 x z - \frac{z}{x} $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

How can I obtain the complex root of an equation with FindRoot

I want to obtain the complex roots of some equations that are similar,but each of them has a different condition. this difference is the value of α in these ...
14
votes
3answers
589 views

How can I simulate this toggle mechanism?

I've been introduced to Mathematica very recently. Basically, I haven't actually "solved" anything in my Mathematica lifetime, but I've done some simulations. With my fractional knowledge, I tried ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to invert an integral equation

There have been numerous times when I've needed to invert an integral equation, i.e. I have something like $$f(x) = g_1(x)\int_{0}^x g_2(x') dx'$$ for arbitrary functions $g_1$ and $g_2$, and ...
9
votes
2answers
10k views

Figuring when the minute and hour hand coincide on a clock

I would like to list all possible times in a 12-hour period, where the hour hand overlaps the minute hand completely. This is really a question about three distinct things - to be done in Mathematica ...
8
votes
2answers
171 views

How to correct this, `f[a_] := FindRoot[eq == 0, {x, 0.5}]`, where `eq` contains a parameter $a$, without using `eq[a]`?

I want to solve an equation with a parameter $a$, and define the result as a function of $a$. It is something like this: ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Solve system of equations related to perspective projection

I'm trying to solve system of equations. I have 4 points before perspective projection and after and I whant to obtain matrix of perspective projection $m_{i,j}$ ($x,y,u,v$ are known , $m_{i,j}$ ...
7
votes
1answer
824 views

Handling failed FindRoot calls

I want to handle FindRoot calls which did not converge (e.g "thrown" error message FindRoot::cvmit) ...
3
votes
2answers
965 views

How can I solve an equation with symbolic coefficients?

I want to try to solve the following a x^(17/6) - b x^2 - 1 == 0 where a and b are ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Forcing FindRoot to return only real solutions

FindRoot documentation reports that if the equation and the initial point are reals, the solutions are searched in the real domain. However, in the following case I ...
15
votes
1answer
387 views

Strange behaviour of Reduce for Mod[x,1]

For every integer $x$ the equation Mod[x, 1] == 0 holds. While Simplify[Mod[x, 1] == 0, Element[x,Integers]] gives ...
13
votes
2answers
400 views

Is there a way to use functions like Prime[n] within Solve[]?

I'm trying to see if a number can be written as the sum of two prime numbers. Ideally, I would like to use Solve[ Prime[n] + Prime[m] == 100, {n, m}] But that ...
12
votes
1answer
252 views

ToNumberField won't recognize Root as an explicit algebraic number

In Mathematica 9.0.1, it appears that ToNumberField will not always recognize a Root object as an explicit algebraic number. ...
9
votes
4answers
645 views

Finding the roots of Hypergeometric1F1[]

I am trying to find the roots, λ, for this equation: Hypergeometric1F1[1/4 (2 -  λ /β), n + 1, β] for certain ...
4
votes
1answer
533 views

How do I use RSolve to solve a system of recurrence relations?

I am trying to solve a system of recurrence relations as follows. ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Finding intersection of two graphs

Here is a toy problem: I have a (directional) line that starts from {2,0} and goes through {1.8, 0.01}. Also I have a ...
3
votes
1answer
603 views

Solving Simultaneous Equations

I am trying to solve two equations that take the form: $W_0 \sqrt{1+\left(\dfrac{z}{\lambda\,\pi\, W_{0}^2}\right)}=W_1\;\,\quad \ldots(1)$ $W_0\sqrt{1+\left( \dfrac{z+0.1}{\lambda\, \pi\, ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How to convert a system of parametric equations to a normal equation?

For example, I have a system of parametric equations (R is a constant number) : ...
2
votes
1answer
370 views

FindRoot giving false roots with Bessel Functions

I have read in some places about the errors associated with FindRoot, but the closest thing I can find on this website seems to be due to the imaginary unit. I am dealing with what should be a ...
1
vote
1answer
294 views

How do I get all possible solutions in an underdetermined system? [duplicate]

I have two problems which I'd like to solve with Mathematica. If I have a system of two equations with three unknowns, how can I get to list all possible solutions for the unknowns? Here is what I ...
1
vote
1answer
484 views

Using previous two solutions as a start point in FindRoot

I need to solve a sequence of equations and I want the starting point of each new FindRoot to be the solution of the earlier FindRoot, increased or decreased by a a bit in the following way: Some ...
8
votes
2answers
854 views

Find the parameter values satisfying conditions for all roots of an equation

Hi I'm very new at Mathematica. My real problems concerns a much more difficult equation with many parameters, but I want to check that the method is good, so I made up a test equation. My test ...
5
votes
2answers
145 views

What are the Method options Solve command accepts?

What are the Method options Solve command accepts? Solve has the Method option, however documentation contains no methods that it accepts...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

How to solve this Integral equation

D[x[t] - x[t - 1]/(2 E), {t, 3}] + Integrate[E^(-δ)*x[t - δ]/5^t, {δ, 2, 2.5}] == 0 I found solve this problem is hard with Mathematica. I also find a article ...
4
votes
3answers
320 views

Finding parameters making real part of eigenvalues vanish

I have the following $\;3\times3$ matrix: $\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0.04 -0.4 b & 0 & 0.04 -0.4 b \\ 0 & -0.08-1.2 b & -0.06-0.9 b \\ 1.04 -0.4 b & 2.08 -0.8 b & 0 ...
4
votes
3answers
205 views

Why the inequality does not take into account the domain?

I have this inequality: Reduce[(4000-1000k)/(k-4) < 0] and the answer is k ∈ Reals I would expect ...
4
votes
1answer
342 views

Eliminating functions from system of PDE in Mathematica

Mathematica users, Let's see an example of three PDEs: How can I eliminate variables q1[x,y,z] and q2[x,y,z] from a system of ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Finding the Minimum value of an interpolating function

I can't seem to use FindMinValue to find the min. value of a curve represented by an interpolating function. For instance the below code generates an interpolating ...
3
votes
3answers
705 views

How can I solve Tan[t] - t == F[x] for t as a function of x?

How can I solve the equation Tan[t] - t = Ax, where A is a constant for t[x]? I know that ...
2
votes
1answer
388 views

Solution given by Wolfram Alpha but not _Mathematica_

Why will Mathematica not give a soluion to Solve[Log[x] == Log[j, Log[j, x]], j], but Wolfram Alpha will?
2
votes
1answer
1k views

NDSolve two PDE plus one ODE, together

I have a couple of PDE (time and space/length) that are correctly managed by NDSolve, but to which I’m adding an ODE on which the acc “accumulates”, through time, a ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Solve matrix equation A*X=X*B using LeastSquares

I want to solve matrix equation A*X=X*B using LeastSquares method, but it is suited for equation like A*X=B. All matrices are 3x3 ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Solving systems of equations

So I have a set of equations like 12 of them but 13 variables. However I would like to find the numerical value of the roots for the maximum value of a particular variable. I don't know how to do that ...
1
vote
1answer
251 views

Find all roots in the interval of nonlinear equation

I am struggling on how to find all the roots of 1+1/2^x+1/3^x==0 which lie in a given of real and imaginary interval. Solve ...
1
vote
2answers
178 views

Mathematica can't minimize a function

Mathematica seems not to be able to minimize this univariate function over integer arguments, $r>2, r \in \mathbb{Z}$. ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

General form of a linear transformation

Let $v_1 = \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and $v_2=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and let $A= \begin{bmatrix} 3 & 2 \\ -2 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$ be a matrix for $T\colon \Bbb ...
1
vote
3answers
150 views

automatic processing of numerical results in `Plot`

First I want to solve an equation $F(x,y)=0$ for $y$ by supplying a value of $x$. (suppose obtaining the analytic form of $y(x)$ is too difficult) Then I want to plot root $y$ (numerically calculated) ...
1
vote
2answers
345 views

solving for one solution to a system of polynomials

I'm trying to solve a system of equations: ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

How to solve this nonlinear 2 by 2 equations?

I have a equation (x^2 + q1^2 - y^2)/2*(x + q1 - y) + (1 - 2*a)*q + 2*F = 2*(1 - a)*c[q] in q(variable) with parameters q1,a,F and function c(in variable q also, and I define it outside Solve so I can ...
0
votes
1answer
240 views

How to use `FindRoot` to solve an equation containing a parameter?

I'm trying to derive some of the results of the following paper: Electrodynamics of semiconductor-coated noble metal nanoshells, JT Manassah - Physical Review A In the paper there is matrix $\mathbf ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

FindRoot Domain restriction

I am solving a system of four non-linear equations in four variables using FindRoot. I have some sense of the relationship between the variables so I don't want Mathematica to do its computations in ...