Questions on constructing graphical objects using relatively complex computations relating to the mathematical structures defining those objects. Examples include convex hulls, mathematical constructions, symmetries, genuses of curves and graphs and programmatic constructions of polyhedra.

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57
votes
11answers
11k views

How to check if a 2D point is in a polygon?

Background: I use code from An Efficient Test For A Point To Be In A Convex Polygon Wolfram Demonstration to check if a point ( mouse pointer ) is in a ( convex ) polygon. Clearly this code fails for ...
39
votes
7answers
5k views

Intersecting graphics

Does the Mathematica graphics system have any concept of intersecting graphics? I've not found much in the documents so far. For example, if I want to show the intersection of two shapes: ...
74
votes
4answers
6k views

How to peel the labels from marmalade jars using Mathematica?

How can I detect and peel the label from the jar below (POV, cylinder radius, jar contents are all unknown) to get something like this, which is the original label before it was stuck on the jar? ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Implementation of Balaban's Line intersection algorithm in Mathematica

I'm trying to implement a Brillouin Zone algorithm within Mathematica, including the generation of Brillouin zones of higher order in 2D and 3D. There is a nice implementation of generating these ...
115
votes
4answers
15k views

How to create word clouds?

Word clouds are rather useless fancy and visually appealing plots, where words are plotted with different sizes according to their frequency in a corpus. Many applications exist out there (Wordle, ...
23
votes
4answers
3k views

Efficiently determining if 3D points are within a surface composed of polygons

This is the 2nd part of a previous question which I edited to make into 2 separate questions: Extracting polygons from 3D contour plot surface As an extension of my earlier question involving simple ...
19
votes
6answers
1k views

How to speed up the function DelaunayTriangulation?

First define a function meshGrid to generate some points: ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Convex hull of a 3D object?

I am trying to find a convex hull command for a Graphics3D object. Does it exist in Mathematica? ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Randomly packing spheres of fixed radius within a cube

How can I have Mathematica randomly place spheres in a cube so they won't overlap? The cube is $20 \times 20 \times 20$, and the spheres have a radius of $0.7$.
36
votes
8answers
6k views

Circuit drawing in Mathematica

This past semester I taught an introductory electromagnetism course and had quite a nice time using Mathematica to draw all sorts of figures and diagrams (mostly for problems and etc.). However, I was ...
26
votes
3answers
3k views

Creating a 2D meshing algorithm in Mathematica

As what is proving to be a difficult, but entertaining task, I am attempting to adapt a 2D meshing algorithm created for MATLAB and port it to Mathematica. I understand meshing functions already exist ...
21
votes
2answers
753 views

Movable text on a curve

Having an arbitrary curve defined as InterpolatingFunction, what is the best way to place a text on this curve? The text generally has two rows, for example: ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Create triangular mesh from random list of points

I have a list of points. I would like to take these points and create a mesh of triangles from them, making sure triangles don't overlap. So here's a list of points: ...
14
votes
2answers
497 views

How to simulate the true reflective movement of a particle bouncing around in an ellipse?

Please help me to simulate the movement of a particle inside a region with elliptical walls such that particle is reflected from the walls and continues to move. A friend was able write code to ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to check if a 3D point is in a planar polygon?

Following up on ndroock1's question, I naively tried to apply the solutions to a 3D point and polygon and they didn't work. For example, functions involving ArcTan ...
30
votes
6answers
1k views

Finding length of intersection of two surfaces

I would like to know how we find the length of the intersection of two surfaces. For instance, in the following example,a surface intersects with a plane: How do we find the length of intersection ...
40
votes
4answers
2k views

Create a torus with a hexagonal mesh for 3D-printing

I am new to Mathematica, and I'm looking for a way to create patterns on the surface of 3D objects. One thing I have not been able to do is create a hexagonal mesh on a torus. What I would like to ...
14
votes
2answers
440 views

Equidistant points on a polyline

Set of 2D-points connected by a polyline B-spline function: ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Finding a Concave Hull

I have a 3d clustered data: Is there any other way to get concavehull of 3D data points?
8
votes
3answers
572 views

How to ensure that Polygon[list] plots a simple polygon?

Consider the following code which plots a triangle. p = {{0, 0}, {.2, 0}, {0, .2}}; {Cyan, Polygon[Dynamic[p]]} // Graphics Then adding (for example) ...
28
votes
5answers
1k views

Voronoi diagrams for generators other than points

Any suggestions how to determine Voronoi diagram for sites other than points, as e.g. in the picture below? Input is a raster image.
20
votes
3answers
892 views

Build a refined grid based on intersecting line

I honestly have no idea where to begin with this problem. In summary, I have a 2D coarse grid with an intersecting line. For an easy example, let's assume it's a 4x4 grid. I wish to pass through ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

How to calculate volume of convex hull and volume of a 3D object

I have a set of random 3D data points. How can I calculate the volume of the convex hull?
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Graphics3D: Finding intersection of 3d objects and lines

I found these two nice links 1) intersecting graphics 2) Implementation of Balaban's Line intersection algorithm in Mathematica which works for 2d. However, I need to find whether a ray(line) ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

Generating convex polyhedron from face planes?

Suppose I have lists of normals and points for planes. There's a convex polyhedron whose faces lie on these planes and are bounded by plane intersections. What would be the easiest way to produce an ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Computing the genus of an algebraic curve

How-to compute the genus of an algebraic curve in Mathematica ? In my case the algebraic curve is explicitly defined by a polynomial.
27
votes
3answers
710 views

Can Mathematica solve Plateau's problem (finding a minimal surface with specified boundary)?

Given a closed curve $\mathcal C$ in three dimensions, is it possible to use Mathematica's built-in functionality to compute a minimal surface whose boundary is $\mathcal C$? For simplicity, let us ...
17
votes
4answers
808 views

How to determine the convex hull of some text?

How can I get the co-ordinates of the convex hull of a piece of Text?
16
votes
4answers
2k views

How to get actual triangles from DelaunayTriangulation[]?

The ComputationalGeometry package has a DelaunayTriangulation[] function. It returns a list of points connected to each point, ...
7
votes
6answers
3k views

How do I draw a hemisphere?

I want to draw a solid or partially transparent hemisphere above a partially transparent cuboid object in Graphics3D. However, I do not know how to do this s.t. only half the sphere is drawn. Here's ...
3
votes
1answer
305 views

How to map vertex points from the surface of a straight pipe onto 2D plane

How to map vertex points from the surface of a straight pipe onto 2D plane. The 3D surface points of the straight pipe can be found here: data Working code: ...
35
votes
2answers
761 views

Numerically solving Helmholtz equation in 3D for arbitrary shapes

Context While studying manifold Learning I got interested in finding the eigenvectors of the Laplacian. (also in connection to this problem of solving the heat equation) Following this and that ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Generate a Random Polygon

Does some package exist with a function that takes a parameter $n$ and generates a random 2D $n$-sided simple polygon (convex or non-convex), possibly within a certain bounding box? It does not ...
28
votes
5answers
1k views

How can I define a 3D version of the built-in VoronoiDiagram (VoronoiMesh in V10) function?

Can anybody point me in a direction that will guide me to extend the VoronoiDiagram function in Mathematica to handle 3D (three dimensional) situations (i.e. points in 3D)? Any help will be greatly ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Checking if a point is in a convex 3D polyhedron

Extending from these questions How to check if a 3D point is in a planar polygon? and How to check if a 2D point is in a polygon?. I'm trying to do this to render specific shapes made up of spheres. ...
8
votes
2answers
595 views

How to get UV mapping of 3D tube

Here is cylinder data: file We can mesh the surface, thanks to lalmei, Belisarius and Simon (link) How to achieve uv mapping from a 3d straight and curved tube? Working code: ...
6
votes
6answers
619 views

Choosing $n$ equidistant points on a circle with given radius and center

I would like to have a function circle which takes two inputs: a tuple {x,y} and a real number ...
6
votes
1answer
976 views

Construct a simple mesh or tetrahedral mesh from 3D image surface

I have a 3D Y-Shape hollow tube, not so good surface. Import["http://dl.dropbox.com/u/68983831/tube02.vtk", "Graphics3D"] I tried to use following vertex data ...
6
votes
1answer
377 views

Collision detection algorithm (discrete) with sweep and prune algorithm

For a more complex collision detection approach, I need an efficient (aka fast) algorithm to prune the elements by using boundary boxes. A classical algorithm is the so called sweep and prune (SAP) ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Mathematica function intersection points with 3D grid

I need to produce a 3-dimensional equispaced grid over a given function in a way, that I can calculate intersection points of the function with the grids edges. So my first question is how to produce ...
5
votes
1answer
363 views

ListPlot3D of a set of points in a non-convex region

I would like to plot a set of points in the same style as ListPlot3D does, but only in a non-convex region that I can specify (e.g. using a ...
8
votes
1answer
118 views

Decomposition of a semialgebraic set into connected components

Is there any built-in function for doing decomposition of a semialgebraic set into connected components? The only way I now can think of is to use ...
3
votes
2answers
269 views

Selecting for 2D points that are within a threshold distance of an upper- and lower-bound number of points

I have a very large set of 2D points: numberOf2DPoints = 10^6; pointList = RandomReal[{0, 1000}, {numberOf2DPoints, 2}]; I'd like to find a way to quickly ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

Fitting a rotated ellipse to data points [closed]

I have a bunch of x,y scatter data and I am trying to fit an ellipse through them. I understand that this question has been asked before and there are resources for this, e.g.: Fitting ellipse to 5 ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

How to calculate the volume of a convex hull?

Given a spatial curve represented by a parametric equation, is it possible in Mathematica 9 to calculate symbolically (or at least numerically) the volume of its convex hull?
28
votes
2answers
2k views

Animating a Voronoi Diagram

edit: Excellent answers have been provided and I made an animation which is suitable for my use, however, all the examples rely on bitmap/rasterized data; is there a vector based approach? I would ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

Faster way to compute the distance from a point to a surface in 3D

I am trying to compute the shortest distance between a point and a triangle in 3D ...
11
votes
2answers
602 views

Finding the perimeter, area and number of sides of a Voronoi cell

Does anyone have any suggestions how to determine the perimeter, area and number of sides of each Voronoi cell in Voronoi diagram?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Extracting polygons from 3D contour plot surface

Edit: This question turned out to be two parts so I am going to make this question about only the first part a kguler provided an excellent answer. Here is a better representation. My actual data ...
17
votes
2answers
566 views

Difference (or intersection) of two convex polyhedra

I have two convex polyhedra stored in the following form: a set of vertices vertices = {{x1,y1,z1},...}, a set of faces, where each face is a convex polygon ...