Questions about using complex numbers in Mathematica. This includes basic arithmetic, functions of complex numbers, plotting complex functions, and dealing with branch cuts.

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3
votes
1answer
86 views

Decomposing a complex numbers equation into its real and imaginary part

I have an equation such as: a*z^2 + b*(z - c)^2 == d where z is a complex variable and ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

How to tell Mathematica that certain variables are real/imaginary, integer-valued, etc

I'm trying to expedite some quantum mechanical calculations by running them through Mathematica. Expectation values and stuff like that. When I say, for example, ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

Factoring polynomials to factors involving complex coefficients

I've run into some problems using Factor on polynomials with complex coefficient factors. Reading the documentation it looks like it only factors over the ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

How do I declare that a variable represents a real number?

How do I tell Mathematica that a variable is a real number. I searched for this question here and in Google and nothing that was suggested seems to work for me. I must be missing something. My code is ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Problem on limit involving complex numbers

I have $${\frac{(6 k+1)^{k}}{(2 k+5)^{k}}}*(z-2 i)^k$$ and I need to find it's limit for $k$ approaching infinity. ...
-2
votes
1answer
55 views

Why is it so complicated to simplify a complex conjugate? [closed]

My question is very simple. I would like to multiply a complex number by its conjugate. Unfortunately, this seems to be extremely complicated in Mathematica. Consider the very basic example: ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Simplification of a complex-valued expression with purely real components

(I'm including all the information here, as I'm not sure how much of it is necessary to solve the problem. For a tl;dr skip to the bottom) I've been working on a problem involving calculating ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

How find solve the equation complex conjugate? [closed]

Tried solving it with every function I know but couldn't z*=z^2
0
votes
1answer
74 views

How to find all roots of a complex number [duplicate]

Finding all roots, and I know there are four f them, of this (1 - i)^(1/4) Not only real, but imaginary as well
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Rationalize complex numbers

What is the best way to rationalize complex numbers, if not both the real and imaginary part are actually rational? According to the documentation, Rationalize ...
0
votes
3answers
77 views

Plot Complex Function [duplicate]

I want to have a 3D plot for the following function: (1.6 - 0.005 I) E^(-0.5 p^2 + ( 2. I) p q + (6.5 - 11 q) q) p and q from -10 to 10 Is there any way?
2
votes
1answer
39 views

A question about expanding complex functions of real arguments

I have the following problem. There is such an expression as: P[x_,y_] := z[y] E^(I beta x) + Conjugate[z[y] E^(I beta x)]; The variables ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

ComplexExpand does not treat everything as real number

ComplexExpand does not treat everything as real number?? Please read the following simple example ...
36
votes
6answers
5k views

Finding real roots of negative numbers (for example, $\sqrt[3]{-8}$)

Say I want to quickly calculate $\sqrt[3]{-8}$, to which the most obvious solution is $-2$. When I input $\sqrt[3]{-8}$ or Power[-8, 3^-1], Mathematica gives the ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Optimizing a function containing a complex exponential

I've noticed the following significant different in performance for different formulations of the same function: ...
7
votes
3answers
380 views

How do I plot the images of oriented curves under complex transformation?

I'm working on a complex transformation sketch that I'd like to create via mathematica. I'm working with the function $$w=z^2\tag{0},$$ where its real and imaginary parts are $u=x^2-y^2$ and $v=2xy$, ...
17
votes
1answer
682 views

Mobius transformations revealed

Mobius Transformations Revealed is a short video that vividly illustrates the simplicity of Mobius transformations when viewed as rigid motions of the Riemann sphere. It was one of the winners in the ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Real and Imaginary parts of solutions to a complex linear ODE system

Consider a complex linear ODE system $x'=Ax$, where $$A=\left( \begin{matrix} 0&1\\ -2&-i \end{matrix}\right). $$ One can first find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors using ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Listplot imaginary part of complex numbers

I have the following list w={{0.01,99 +0.00001414 I},{0.15,6.6370108 +0.003144129 I},{0.25,3.9515722 +0.00854493297 I},{6,0.10041 +0.28132187 I}} and I want to ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Differential equations with a complex variable

Is Mathematica able to handle ordinary differential equations where the variable itself is complex? I am looking for solutions of ODE systems of the form $$\left\{ \begin{align} i\frac{da_1}{dt} ...
3
votes
2answers
175 views

Contourplot of complex Roots

Suppose I have this equation: $$ z^2 + 3z + (x^2 + y^2) = 0 $$ I want the real and complex contour plot of $z(x,y)$. Analytically, the real/imaginary boundary is separated by condition $x^2 + y^2 ...
4
votes
2answers
487 views

Why does this integral have a complex component?

I wanted to find the probability of my normally-distributed random variable being at least 15, so I set up this integral: ...
4
votes
2answers
101 views

Can't solve equation having complex coefficients

Why can't Mathematica solve $\quad\quad\frac{1-i}{\sqrt{2}}=e^{i \alpha } \tan \left(\frac{\beta }{2}\right)$ with the restrictions $\alpha \in [0, 2 \, \pi)$ and $\beta \in [0,\pi]$: ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

Why is this Mandelbrot set's implementation infeasible: takes a massive amount of time to do?

The Mandelbrot set is defined by complex numbers such as $z=z^2+c$ where $z_0=0$ for the initial point and $c\in\mathbb C$. The numbers grow very fast in the iteration. ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I plot the complex graph of $x^x$ in Mathematica?

For example, this Wolfram Alpha query shows this graph: But it does not show the code for plotting it in Mathematica. Plot[x^x, {x, -1, 1}] only plots the real ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Simplifying complex expression with Mathematica

I want do get the imaginary part of Exp[I*t]/(1-Exp[I*t]) I've tried to do this Im[ComplexExpand[Exp[I*t]/(1-Exp[I*t])]] ...
1
vote
4answers
179 views

How to extract only real solutions from the result of Solve

For Example, I have the following polynomial equations: $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \dfrac{2025 (208 x+5 (y-3446))}{52 (y+90)^2}+\dfrac{300 (8 x-21 y+1920) (y-80)}{7 (x+30)^3}+\frac{300 (80 x-21 ...
1
vote
3answers
93 views

Selecting a specific complex number from a list

I have a formula which is producing a large (hundreds of elements) list of complex numbers of the simple form $x+iy$. However I'm only interested in the one value which satisfies the conditions: ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

How to solve the warning problem and obtain real roots without imaginary part?

I am trying to solve a equation with Newton's method via FindRoot, and the codes are: Define the functions: ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Plot sets in the complex plane [duplicate]

I just want to know if there's a way to plot sets in the complex plane. For example $$A=\{z\in \mathbb{C},z+e^{z}=0\},\\A=\{z\in \mathbb{C},\Re(z)+e^{z}\geq0\}.$$
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Check for holomorphy of a function

Given a (rather complicated) function H(z), what is the best approach to check symbolically whether it is holomorphic? What I tried is checking explicitly the ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Express a complex function $f(z)$ as $u(x,y)+iv(x,y)$

How can I write a complex function $f(z)$ in the form $u(x,y)+iv(x,y)$ using Mathematica? Re and Im do not work, because they do it for complex numbers, not functions. For example, if I try ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

How do I solve for the real and complex parts of an equation simultaneously?

If I were to have an equation, say something similar to... (1-Sqrt[x - I y])/(1+Sqrt[x - I y]) = A + I B Where I = Sqrt[-1], is there a way for Mathematica to ...
7
votes
2answers
275 views

Does FindFit support complex numbers or doesn't it?

Inspired by this previous question: Findfit doesn't give the good fit; Changing the starting values will not change the results. Consider the following complex-valued dataset. ...
3
votes
1answer
310 views

HarmonicNumber problem

I am looking for all the roots of HarmonicNumber, in the domain [-30, 1] and [0, 6000] for the real and imaginary parts, respectively, and where the parameter ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How to evaluate Floor[1/2 + Arg[z]/(2π)] with Re[z] > 0

I want to do a series expansion of an expression containing Gamma functions with specific arguments. An example is the following: ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Why does this integral have a complex result

I wanted to find the normalization of distribution F2 . ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

Absolute value and argument of a complex expression

I would like to find the absolute value and the argument of the expression: $ x + \sqrt { x^2 + y^2 } $ under the assumption that the absolute values of $ x $ and $ y $ are equal. I have written: ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Real and imaginary parts of a complex number

I would like to find the real and imaginary parts of $x + y$ in terms of polar coordinates. Here is code: ...
0
votes
3answers
107 views
-2
votes
1answer
102 views

how draw root locus in mathematica 9 for a special case

my closed loop transfer function is: H(s)=2exp(-q)/(1+exp(-2q)) q=sqrt((a+k*sqrt(s)+s)*s) , s=sigma+jw how can i draw root locus of H(s) as 'a' changes for ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Riemann surface for cubic root

I'm trying to generate Riemann surfaces of higher order. I read How to visualize Riemann surfaces?, and the subsequent documents. I'm able to reproduce the surface using polar representation, but I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Differential Equation in Complex Plane and Parametric Plot

I would like to solve $dx/dt=\sqrt{1 + (I x)^3}$, where x is complex, for some initial condition like $1 - 5 I$ and plot the imaginary part of the solution versus the real part. (A somewhat similar ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Complex differential equation

I want to solve $dx/dt=\sqrt{(1-x^2)}$, where $x$ is complex. When I solve it by hand and analytically for some initial value and draw the imaginary part versus the real part, I obtain an ellipse, as ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Plot a real part of complex equation depending on a parameter

I would ask you to kindly provide me a way to solve this problem in mathematica way. Let the equation $z^2 + 9 -1.5 e^{- t z}=0$ where $z\in \mathbb C$ and $t\in \mathbb R^+$. In order to plot graph ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Complex integrals and residues

I have a question. I try to integrate this function: Integrate[Exp[I k z]*Exp[-Sqrt[k^2 - A^2]x]*Exp[-k^2*L^2/4]/Sqrt[k^2 - A^2], {k, -Infinity, -A}] But ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

A power series expansion

Consider the function, $f(z) = z tanh(\pi z) log (z^2 + a^2)$ for some $a>0$. Now I am considering 3 different situations, $z = i(n+0.5) - i\epsilon + \delta - it$ for $n \in \mathbb{Z}$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Polar Plotting in Complex Plane [duplicate]

How would I plot the following functions in the polar complex plane? $$ \phi={-k\over 2\pi r}cos(\theta_0-\theta) $$ and $$ \psi={-k\over 2\pi r}sin(\theta_0-\theta) $$ Please ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Trouble fitting an explicitly complex model with the TransformedFit package

This is follow up from a previous question in which @Oleksandr R. suggested the use of a package he developed for splitting a model and data into real and imaginary parts to avoid a problem with ...
4
votes
2answers
377 views

ComplexExpand absolute squared

ComplexExpand[Abs[a + b I]] Gives $\sqrt{a^2 + b^2 }$ ComplexExpand[Abs[a + b I]^2] On the other hand gives Abs[a ...