Questions about using complex numbers in Mathematica. This includes basic arithmetic, functions of complex numbers, plotting complex functions, and dealing with branch cuts.

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3
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1answer
165 views

Factoring the imaginary unit

Suppose you have this: Collect[2 u + I + 2 + I,I] It gives the same. Is it possible to factor I in elegant way (not ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

How to express $f(x,y) = u(x,y) + i\, v(x,y)$ as $f(z)$ [on hold]

The $f(x,y)$ is actually a series with complex parts. I'd prefer not working this out by hand.
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Plotting a set of points given by a complex expression [closed]

A have the set consisting of the complex numbers $1+3r \cosθ−ir \sinθ$, where $r∈[0,1]$ and $θ$ may vary between $0$ and $2π$. This is my first encounter with Mathematica, and am having difficulty ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Why does FreeQ seem not to work with complex numbers?

I guess I do not understand how Mathematica evaluates this simple expression inside FreeQ ...
5
votes
2answers
244 views

When does the real part of Zeta vanish on the critical line?

This seems to be a quite a simple problem but I cannot make it work. I am trying to find all values within a given range for which the real part of the Zeta ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

How to calculate residues using different branches of the logarithm.

My goal is to be able to compute the residues of something like $z^{\alpha} R(z)$ where $0 < \alpha < 1$, $R(z)$ is rational, and the exponential can be chosen with any branch. I found a way to ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Why is Mathematica computing this residue incorrectly? [closed]

I am new to Mathematica. I wanted Mathematica to calculate the residue of $\frac{z^2}{z^2 +1}$ at $z = i$. It gives the value $0$. The value should be $i/2$. My input is ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I convert a complex number into an exponent form

When I have an expression such as (1/4 + I/4) ((1 - 2 I) x + Sqrt[3] y) it is hard to get an intuition of the number. So I want to convert it to the complex ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views
0
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3answers
71 views

Plotting complex function

(9 Tanh[x]^8 (1 - 2 Tanh[x]^2)^2 (1 - Tanh[x]^2))/(1 + 3 I Sqrt[2/13])^2 How can I plot the function with the range of x {-10,10}?
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Wrong result after Simplify of a complex variable with assumptions satisfying an inequality

Using Mathematica 10,Simplify[a\[Conjugate], Assumptions -> {(a + a\[Conjugate]) > 0}] returns a, i.e. treats ...
3
votes
1answer
433 views

HarmonicNumber problem

I am looking for all the roots of HarmonicNumber, in the domain [-30, 1] and [0, 6000] for the real and imaginary parts, respectively, and where the parameter ...
37
votes
2answers
1k views

Möbius transformations revealed

Möbius Transformations Revealed is a short video that vividly illustrates the simplicity of Möbius transformations when viewed as rigid motions of the Riemann sphere. It was one of the winners in the ...
17
votes
1answer
678 views

Dual complex integral over implicit path using contour plot

Context I am interested in doing double contour integral over paths which are defined implicitely. For the sake of debugging, let's assume its $$\oint_{\cal C}\oint_{\cal C} \frac{1}{u\, x} d u d x$$ ...
8
votes
1answer
928 views

Stereographic Projection

Say I want to represent points of the complex plane in the sphere $\Bbb S^2$ using stereographic projection. That is, the Riemann sphere: Specifically, it would be nice to be able to: Given the ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

Complex numbers from two arrays with Real and Imaginary parts

I have two arrays, containing the real and imaginary parts of a list of complex numbers. Re = {{Re_number1},{Re_number2},...} Im = {Im_number1},{Im_number2},...} ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Discrepancy in the series expansion of $\log(z/(z-1))$ in Mathematica 5

When I calculate the series expansion of $\log\frac{z}{z-1}$ around $0$ in Mathematica 5.2, I obtain: ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Plotting the image of a curve under a complex polynomial using Mathematica

I would be able to plot the image of a curve (say the circle with radius $1$ centered at $1+i$) under a complex polynomial (say $p(z)=z^2$) using Mathematica. I know how to find the level curves of ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views
0
votes
1answer
118 views

ComplexExpand does not treat everything as real number [closed]

ComplexExpand does not treat everything as real number?? Please read the following simple example ...
10
votes
5answers
4k views

Plotting an Argand Diagram

I have the function: $F(\omega) = \frac{5\; - \;i\;\omega}{5^2\; +\; \omega^2}$ When $\omega$ has the values : $\{ -7, -2,\; 0,\; 2,\; 7\}$ How would I plot the Argand diagram in Mathematica? Or ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Compute and Plot the element of a complex sequence

I'm new tho mathematica. I have a complex sequence ${z_n}$ with $z_0:=c$ $z_{n+1}=(z_n)^2+c$ for all $n\in N$ where c is some complex number, I need to plot the first 20 terms of this sequence ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Conjugate of I \[Phi] [closed]

I have a bigger expression of which I have to take the conjugate. But this is in itself perplexing. When I write ComplexExpand[Conjugate[I\[Phi]]] I just get ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

How to plot the solution of a Partial Differential Equation?

My attempt. I need to solve numerically the Complex Ginzburg-Laudau Equation (CGLE): $$ \frac{\partial A}{\partial t}=\epsilon A-(1+i\beta)|A|^2A+(1+i\alpha)\nabla^2A $$ I'm using a uniform initial ...
5
votes
0answers
128 views

Contour Integration along a contour containing two branch points

I need to compute following contour integrations: $$f(u)=\oint_\alpha dz \sqrt{z^3+z+u} \qquad ; \qquad g(u)=\oint_\beta dz \sqrt{z^3+z+u}$$ In which $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are two contours in ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Real part of a sum

I would like to take the real part of the following expression: Sum[(a[i] + I b[i]) r^i/(r^2 + z^2)^i, {i, 0, 2 n}] where all of ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

How to plot the graph of the equation F[x,y]=0 if y is real number, x is complex? [closed]

I have an equation F(x,y;a,b,c,...)=0, where x and y are variables, a,b,c,... - parameters. y is a real number, x - complex. For every given y I need to solve this equation, i.e. to find Im(x) and ...
1
vote
3answers
204 views

finding an argument of a complex number

What is the simplest way to find the argument of the following function? ((1 - E^((I π (1 - α))/(β - α)) z)/(1 - E^(-((I π (1 - α))/(β - α))) z)) as I tried the ...
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vote
4answers
2k views

How to take conjugate of a function?

Naïvely this is what happens and it obviously is not helpful! ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

How to obtain Laurent series coefficients of an (almost) arbitrary function?

I have observed that Series in Mathematica assumes that the given function is smooth in the point around which one wants to perform series expansion. For instance: ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

How to get the modulus of following complex number

I want to get the modulus of following (1+(x+I*y)/2+(x+I*y)^2/12)/(1-(x+I*y)/2+(x+I*y)^2/12) I use ...
36
votes
6answers
6k views

Finding real roots of negative numbers (for example, $\sqrt[3]{-8}$)

Say I want to quickly calculate $\sqrt[3]{-8}$, to which the most obvious solution is $-2$. When I input $\sqrt[3]{-8}$ or Power[-8, 3^-1], Mathematica gives the ...
19
votes
4answers
12k views

Plotting Complex Quantity Functions

Trying to plot with complex quantities seems not to work properly in what I want to accomplish. I would like to know if there is a general rule/way of plotting when you have complex counterparts in ...
9
votes
3answers
122 views

Pattern matching with Complex. Feature or a bug?

fixed in 10.1 (windows) I have run into some strange behavior while doing some pattern matching. First, this works as expected: ...
8
votes
2answers
187 views

Strange behavior of Limit in Mathematica 9 and 10 (bug?)

fixed in 10.1 Consider a complex logarithm where the branch cut is defined along the negative axis. Then for $r$ and $\eta$ real and positive we can write $ \lim_{\eta \to 0} \log(-r+ i \eta) = ...
10
votes
1answer
390 views

Symbolic Integration along contour: branch cut problem?

Context Following this question on path integrals in the complex plane, having defined again a numerical and symbolic integrator along a path as ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Working with derivative of conjugate of a complex number

I have a complex function, lets say $g(x)$. I want to take its and its conjugate's derivative. I need the solution of derivative which must be symbolically and computationally efficient. Lets take an ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Polar color coding for complex function plots?

Having browsed this Q on plotting complex functions and the Zeta page, I don't see anything as nice as this plot from Matilde Marcolli's slides "Geometry and physics of numbers". Looks like ...
5
votes
3answers
507 views

Complex conjugate

How do I complex conjugate a vector? ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Factor bivariate polynomial over the complex numbers

This is very much like Factoring polynomials to factors involving complex coefficients except that I'm concerned about bivariate polynomials, not univariate polynomials. Take for example the ...
1
vote
2answers
242 views

How to calculate the phase spectrum

I have the following frequency characteristics in the Fourier domain: $$H(\omega)=\frac{-\omega^2}{63170s^{-2}-\omega^2+355.1s^{-1}i\omega}$$ How do I find the phase spectrum from this? I should ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

For the same function, why does /. give a complex result?

I define a very simple function like this, g[k_] := 1. + 2 Sum[1/(1 + (2 n)^2), {n, 1, k}] g[50] give the result is: 1.70279. But g[n] /. n -> 50 give aother result: ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Optimizing complex functions

I am trying to optimize a function containing complex numbers, however I keep running into errors. Consider the simple optimization problem: ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Differentiation of an unknown function

I have to take the partial differentiation of an unknown function. For example, take the unknown function to be $g(x)$. Then it's derivative w.r.t $x$ is $g'(x)$. By default, Mathematica ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Plotting Complex Numbers - Functions of Complex Numbers [duplicate]

So I have to generate a few different plots with z, where z is a complete number... z[x_, y_] := x + y*I F[z_] := (25*Pi*z*I)/(1 + 10*Pi*z*I) First, I need to ...
4
votes
2answers
143 views

Trying to get Arg[1 + I a] -> ArcTan[a]

Can Mathematica evaluate Arg[1+ I a] when a is a positive real in order to get ArcTan[a]? ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Complex number plot with inequalities [duplicate]

I need to plot the function where z is a complex number: $$S = {z:|z + 0.15|<0.6} \wedge {z:Pi/4<=arg(z)<=Pi}$$ I can do this: ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views
2
votes
1answer
110 views

NIntegrate and Integrate giving different results for ill-behaved function

I'm trying to integrate the following function with Mathematica 8: $$ I(a,b)= \int_0^1 \mathrm{d}x\int_0^1\mathrm{d}y \,\theta(1-x-y) \frac{1}{x a^2-y(1-y)b^2},$$ where $\theta$ is the Heaviside ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

How to prevent tiny complex errors in Integrate?

Integrate is adding a tiny imaginary error to an easy result. Why? And how can I stop it? ...