Questions about using complex numbers in Mathematica. This includes basic arithmetic, functions of complex numbers, plotting complex functions, and dealing with branch cuts.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
1answer
46 views

Force mathematica to consider variables as real [on hold]

I want to implement an optimization of the form: NMinimize[{function,{constraints:A1^2+A2^2+A3^2+A4^2 ==1}},{A1, A2, A3, A4}] where I want to tell mathematica ...
5
votes
3answers
138 views

How to tell Mathematica to get the real-only inverse function?

The problem I have is that Mathematica seems to play better with complex numbers so that the result of N[InverseFunction[Function[x,x^3]][-1]] is ...
1
vote
3answers
57 views

replacing complex numbers

I know: I'm going to make a poor showing, but really I can't understand this: a is an expressione whose FullForm is ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Imaginary part of complex number, nothing works?

I want to find the imaginary part of the complex number (a+i*b). say I have a function in the following form: ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Is there a simple way to get the Conjugate of a complex term, provided all information is available?

I've found a few threads addressing this, but they all seem to have pretty clunky answers, and it's hard to believe there's not a more elegant solution in Mathematica: Remove annoying Conjugate a ...
4
votes
4answers
394 views

Solving complex equations with variable exponents

How would I go about solving $(1+i)^n = (1+\sqrt{3}i)^m$ for integer $m$ and $n$? I have tried ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

3D-plots of Complex-parametered trig-functions returns empty plot

I first tried to plot a parametric equation as follows; ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Can't obtain Real results using NSolve

I am trying to find the critical properties of the Carnahan-Starling equation of state, $$p=\rho R T\frac{1+b\rho /4+(b\rho/4)^2-(b\rho/4)^3}{(1-b\rho /4)^3}-a\rho^2$$ using this system of equations, ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

Contour plot of the imaginary portion of a function given the real part is positive

How do I plot the imaginary part of the function while its real part is positive? For example, for the below code I could have the imaginary part but I am not able to find the positive or negative ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Solve this equation explicitly for $\beta$

Solve this equation explicitly for $\beta$: $$T_{12}=\frac{x_{11}+x_{22}}{1+|\beta|^2}\beta$$ $x_{11}$ and $x_{22}$ are positive real numbers where $x_{11}>x_{22}$ and $T_{12}$ and $\beta$ are ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Unable to simplify the real part of a complex expression

Simplifying this expression shouldn't be hard. I tried adding assumptions asserting that all involved variables are real, but still the Re expression remains ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Complex polynomial variable transformation

I have two real polynomials that depend in variables (xi1, xi2) and parameters (eps, e2). I apply the following ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

How do I calculate this integral along a complex line (not a contour) in mathematica?

Given the function: $$f(z) = \frac{\pi ^2 \cot(\pi \sqrt z) \cot(\pi \sqrt {z-a})}{4\sqrt{z^2 - az}}$$ Where a is a positive constant and: $$z = \frac{i}{b} + t $$ $$t>a$$ Where b is also a ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

Expression containing $\tt{I}$ is real — how can I show this is so in my notebook?

When I solve this equation (for ϕ): -16 y - (1 + 2 ϕ)^2 (-1 + 6 ϕ) == 0 Two solutions have imaginary parts in the symbolic ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Display the list of complex roots returned by Solve in their polar form [duplicate]

If I input: Solve[z^4 == 2 (Cos[2 Pi/3] + I Sin[2 Pi/3])] Mathematica returns: ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Using NSolve for Elliptic Equations over Fundamental Parallelogram in Complex Plane

I'm considering solving elliptic functions over a fundamental domain of the torus with half-periods $\omega_{1}=\pi/2$ and $\omega_{2} = \pi \tau /2$, where $\tau$ is the modular parameter of the ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Plotting an expression with a complex-valued exponential [duplicate]

Given the wave function $\Psi\left ( x,t \right ) = \psi\left ( x \right )T\left ( t \right )$ with the spatial component of the wavefunction $\psi(x) = \psi_{0}e^{-ikx}$, I tried ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

How can I draw a hyperbola of a complex form

How can I use Mathematica to draw locus of point in complex plane given by $||z-i|-|z+i||=1.$ I have tried few codes, but not succeed.
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Problem with complex conjugation of series data in mathematica 10

ComplexExpand in Mathematica 10 doesn't work with series data: Taylor = Series[Exp[I x], {x, 0, 4}]; ComplexExpand[Taylor\[Conjugate]] gives 1+I x-x^2/2-(I ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Integrating sinc function over discontinuity

I would like to analytically integrate the sinc function. First of all, if I just perform the integration the following way, everything is as expected: ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

FiniteDifferenceDerivative of complex function in 2D--bug?

I want to compute partial derivatives of complex functions via finite difference approximation on two dimensional grid using NDsolve`FiniteDifferenceDerivative ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Finding consecutive residues of large expression?

I have given a large expression expr (has LeafCount of 2772, you can find it in this file or ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Plotting Riemann Surface of $w(z)=\sqrt{1-z^{2}}$

I'm working in the plotting the Riemann surface of two functions, namely: $$ w_{1}(z)=\sqrt{1-z^{2}} \,, $$ and $$ w_{2}(z)=\tanh\left(k\sqrt{1-z^{2}}\right)-2iz\frac{\sqrt{1-z^{2}}}{1-2z^{2}}\,, ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Translating syntax of a pure function

I have a matrix in complex exponential form. I want to factor out the complex exponential form and then express the inside in the a+i*b form. For example: \begin{bmatrix} e^{i \frac{\pi}{4}} ...
6
votes
1answer
113 views

What is the reason that $zz^*$ is not written as $ |z|^2$ sometimes?

For a general (complex) number $z$ I sometimes get terms that explicitly writes (for instance) $$2zz^*+|z|^2. $$ I should add that these expressions come from long calculations involving packages ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Plotting complex functions to find solutions

Is ParametricPlot3D the best way to plot complex functions to find solutions? The algebra for $e^z = 2 i$ tells me that there are infinite solutions at $\frac{\pi}{2} + 2 n \pi$ for all $n \in ...
5
votes
5answers
139 views

Non-algebraic equation in the set of complex numbers

The following equation in $\mathbb{C}$: $4z^2+8|z|^2-3=0$ is not algebraic and has 4 solutions : $\pm\frac{1}{2}$ and $\pm i\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$. The Solve function in Mathematica only returns the 2 ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Problem with imaginary/real parts of a complex function

I have a problem with this code: ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

Find regions in which the roots of a third degree polynomial are real

I have to find the roots of a third degree polynomial in $\phi$ that depends from 3 parameters, namely $t,s,w\in \mathbb R$. In order to do that I've used the command ...
0
votes
1answer
153 views

Why does Mathematica give this ArcSin[2] result?

The code N[ArcSin[2]] evaluates to 1.5708 − 1.31696 I but it should be undefined instead because it is on the branch ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Simplify not working for a real part of a complex expression [closed]

When I try to get the real part of a term, for example: $\qquad \Re\left(\frac{e^{-i k} \left(2 k^2+\pi ^2 \left(-1+e^{i k}\right)\right)}{\pi ^2-k^2}\right)$ Mathematica will output the same thing ...
9
votes
2answers
145 views

Problem with Identifying Complex Components

I am trying to isolate out the real and complex terms in a fairly large expression. During the process, I have made several assumptions that last throughout the entire process. ...
7
votes
2answers
189 views

Confusion regarding the incomplete elliptic integral of the first kind

I am trying to manipulate a conformal map from the half-plane to a square $z \rightarrow w(z)$ defined by: $$ w(z) = \int \limits^{z} dx \frac{1}{\sqrt{(1-x^2)x}} = \sqrt{2} \; ...
6
votes
2answers
138 views

Exception with GatherBy: gathering complex conjugates

I want to gather the complex-conjugates that are in a list, but with an exception: only if the imaginary part isn't zero. For example: ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Exclude one point from the RegionPlot

I'd like to ask you about the way of excluding just one point from this example: ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Simplifying an expression with complex variables

The other day I was trying to simplify the following expression of $w \in \mathbb{C}$ and $|w| < 1$: $$f(w) = \left|\frac{2}{(\frac{w+1}{1-w}+1)^2}\right|^{-\Delta} \cdot \frac{1}{\left|{\rm ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

FullSimplify on complex numbers seems inconsistent

FullSimplify[c Conjugate[c]] returns Abs[c]^2 while FullSimplify[2 c Conjugate[c]] ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

Plot $\arg(z)$ in an Argand diagram and display the angle

I'd like to ask you about the way to show the $\arg(z)$ annotation about the angle. My point is to show $\frac{2\pi}{3}$ and $\frac{5\pi}{6}$ on the image. What I mean: Is there any way to ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

How to plot two lists in the same graph maintaining the scale of the points?

I need to plot two lists of complex numbers in the same graph to show some results, so I'm using the following lists to do that: ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Schwarz-Christoffel toolbox

Is there a toolbox for working with Schwarz-Christoffel transformations in Mathematica? More generally, is there a toolbox for visualizing conformal mappings in the complex plane? There are a lot of ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

About taking limit of an integral on Wolfram Alpha/Mathematica [closed]

I tried computing this quantity on Wolfram Alpha, but I couldn't get any answer: ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Why `Chop` does not make the real part of machine complex numbers an exact zero? [duplicate]

The documentation says Chop does not make the real part of machine complex numbers an exact zero: In[2]:= Chop[10.^-12 + 2. I] Out[2]= 0. + 2. I Why does ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

How would you calculate a contour integral? [duplicate]

How would you be able to calculate a contour integral of 1/(((z-1)^2)*(z-i)) over the contour |z-1| = 1? Not sure how to type ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Simplifying complex fractions

How can I simplify a complex fraction in order to get something of the shape (a + I b)/(c + I d)? Note that I would not like Mathematica to further simplify it ...
2
votes
3answers
270 views

Plot Two Circles and color their difference

I am trying to plot two circles with radius 1 and another with radius 9. Both are centered at $(0,-1)$. I then want to color in the distance between the circle of radius 9 and the circle of radius 1. ...
2
votes
4answers
306 views

Defining a General Complex Number

I am trying to compute the Complex conjugate of two complex numbers multiplied together. However, when I go to define my complex numbers as $a+b I$ and $c+dI$ it does not like $b$ and $d$ because they ...
2
votes
2answers
177 views

Finding extremums of Abs[complex function]

We have a function same as f[x_]=Cos[x] Cos[2 x] + I Sin[x] Sin[2 x] The final objective is to find all extremums of Abs[f[x]] in [0,2 pi]. But in the first ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Solve for when two symbolic complex numbers are equal

I'd like Mathematica to to show that two complex numbers $a + b i$ and $c + d i$ (with real coefficients $a, b, c, d$) are equal if and only if $a = c$ and $b = d$. The obvious thing does not quite ...
3
votes
3answers
168 views

How to test if elements of an array are real or complex?

I am new to Mathematica and I have to select the elements in an array that only contain real numbers and eliminate the ones that have complex parts. Basically the code that I have is an array of ...