Questions related to the calculus and analysis branches of Mathematica, including, but not limited to, limits, derivatives, integrals, series, and residues.

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32
votes
5answers
2k views

Generating evenly spaced points on a curve

In the KnotData package a simple command such as points = Table[KnotData[{3, 1}, "SpaceCurve"][t], {t, 0, 2 Pi, 0.1}]; will ...
30
votes
6answers
1k views

Finding length of intersection of two surfaces

I would like to know how we find the length of the intersection of two surfaces. For instance, in the following example,a surface intersects with a plane: How do we find the length of intersection ...
27
votes
4answers
3k views

How to find the period of an arbitrary mathematical function?

Is there a function to find the period of an arbitrary (possibly complex) function in Mathematica?
26
votes
1answer
346 views

many indefinite integrals do not evaluate in 10.1, looking for the cause

Many integrals no longer evaluate in V 10.1 when they did in 10.0.2 Here are some 23 integrals as an example, that all produced results in V 10.0.2, but now all returns unevaluated! I am hoping ...
26
votes
0answers
343 views

Are greek symbols causing different evaluation?

I've updated today to Mathematica 9.0.1.0 from version 8 and found something that absolutely confuses me. Let us define a piecewise function: ...
25
votes
2answers
1k views

Bug in mathematica analytic integration?

I found Mathematica provides me a wrong answer for a relatively simple analytically solvable integral: ...
24
votes
2answers
309 views

Bug in ArcLength?

fixed in 10.1 (windows) With Mathematica 10.0.2: ArcLength[Line[{{0, 0}, {1, 0}, {2, 0}}]] ArcLength[Line[{{0}, {1}, {2}}]] (* 2 *) (* 2 *) However, ...
23
votes
3answers
624 views

Symbolic integration error

fixed in 10.1 (windows) I'm running Mathematica 10.0.0 and encountered a disturbing error in the symbolic integration of a rather simple function ...
21
votes
4answers
861 views

An apparently “simple” limit?

Let $c$ and $h$ be real values. I was using Mathematica to compute the limit $(h \rightarrow \infty)$ of the following expression: $$ \frac{\left(h^2 +c^2 h^2 + \sqrt{4 h^2+\left(h^2+c^2 ...
21
votes
3answers
2k views

Can we teach Mathematica about functional differentiation?

The key relation for functional differentiation is $$\frac{\delta}{\delta f(y)}f(x)=\delta(x-y), $$ where $\delta(x-y)$ is the Dirac delta function, and the usual properties of differentiation (e.g. ...
20
votes
3answers
368 views

Negative probability?

Bug introduced in 9.0.1 and fixed in 10.0.2 I am trying to get the sum of the squares of seven random variables, all uniformly distributed. This is what I tried. ...
19
votes
2answers
354 views

Symbolic derivatives are being calculated numerically

Just found the following while debugging a problem. Mathematica is calculating the derivative of IntegerPart[x] in some odd way: ...
19
votes
2answers
519 views

Have I found a bug in Integrate?

The following command gives 0 in Mathematica 9.0.1. ...
18
votes
1answer
479 views

Incorrect result from Integrate

I attempted to calculate the following integral: ...
18
votes
1answer
796 views

How can the {x,y,z} points that fall on the outer boundary of a set of values be selected and smoothly surfaced?

For a given set of x,y,z values, that may, or may not form a uniform shape, how can the center of the data cloud be found, and the surface points be located and a solid smooth surface created from ...
17
votes
5answers
7k views

How to find the domain and range of a function with Mathematica?

I'm studying calculus and in some exercises I am asked to find the domain and range of a function. Does Mathematica have already a built-in function for this? I can imagine some ways of doing so, ...
17
votes
3answers
5k views

Implementing discrete and continuous Hilbert transforms

What is an efficient and accurate Mathematica implementation of the Hilbert transform, for both continuous and especially discretely sampled functions? This transform relates phase and amplitude in ...
16
votes
4answers
7k views

Finding Limits in several variables

Is there a way to find a limit of a multivariable function, like $$\lim_{(x,y)\to (0,0)} f(x,y)$$ with Mathematica? When $f$ is continuous, we can use $$\lim_{(x,y)\to (0,0)} ...
16
votes
4answers
8k views

Finding unit tangent, normal, and binormal vectors for a given r(t)

For my Calc III class, I need to find $T(t), N(t)$, and $B(t)$ for $t=1, 2$, and $-1$, given $r(t)=\{t,t^2,t^3\}$. I've got Mathematica, but I've never used it before and I'm not sure how to coerce ...
16
votes
1answer
457 views

Speeding up trigonometric integral

Context On a possible non trivial toric topology for the Universe (nothing less!). Problem I would like to carry out the following integral for $\ell=2,4\cdots 20$. $$\int _0^{\pi }\int _0^{2 \pi ...
15
votes
1answer
412 views

How to represent a continuous monotonic phase of Airy functions?

Note: In this question I am concerned only with real-valued variables and functions. DLMF, §9.8 Airy Functions, Modulus and Phase, formula $9.8.4$ defines the phase of Airy functions: ...
15
votes
2answers
317 views

Inconsistent results from equivalent integrals

Why is Mathematica returning different values for these two integrals: I am just being introduced to complex integration, so it's possible that I have a misunderstanding of how this works, but in ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I implement the method of Lagrange multipliers to find constrained extrema?

I want to form the function $h=f-\lambda_{1}g_{1}-\lambda_{2}g_{2}$ where $f$ is the function to optimize subject to the constraints $g_{1}=0$ and $g_{2}=0$ so that I can solve the first partial ...
14
votes
5answers
362 views

Mismatch between numerical and analytic evaluation of an integral

I evaluated the following integral NIntegrate[Sqrt[r] Abs[Cos[(k + 1/2) Pi r]], {r, 0, 1}] getting as a result 0.413232 for ...
14
votes
4answers
4k views

Multivariable Taylor expansion does not work as expected

The basic multivariable Taylor expansion formula around a point is as follows: $$ f(\mathbf r + \mathbf a) = f(\mathbf r) + (\mathbf a \cdot \nabla )f(\mathbf r) + \frac{1}{2!}(\mathbf a \cdot ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

How to deal with complicated gaussian integrals in Mathematica?

As we know, for most Gaussian integrals, we can get the analytical result. Now I have many Gaussian integrals to treat, which have the following general form, ...
14
votes
1answer
567 views

Incorrect results for elementary integrals when using Integrate

There is a rather simple integral ($K_0$ is the 0-th order MacDonald function) $$\int_0^\infty e^{-x \cosh\xi}\, d\xi = K_0(x)$$ which mathematica cannot solve. This even though the documentation ...
14
votes
2answers
918 views

Numerical partial derivative

For a one-variable numerical function, it's simple to calculate the derivative at a point with Derivative as Szabolcs has pointed out before: ...
14
votes
1answer
252 views

Why do big-O terms disappear in definite integrals since Mathematica 9?

In Mathematica 8, when I computed the following input: Integrate[Series[Cos[x], {x, 0, 2}], {x, 0, a}] Mathematica returned an expression that had a O[a^4] in ...
13
votes
5answers
762 views

Does $x>0$ imply that $x\in\mathbb{R}$?

Let’s assume I input Assuming[x > 0, expression] Is it assumed by Mathematica that $x$ is a real number? Or that the real part of $x$ is positive? Something ...
13
votes
4answers
651 views

How to make a Line[] with no end?

I'm trying to do this: In this graph, the secant points are aproximated in order to become the tangent, it seems I need some kind of function which plots a line based on two points and it's points ...
13
votes
2answers
5k views

How to calculate contour integrals with Mathematica?

How to calculate the integral of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{4 z^2 + 4 z + 3}}$ over the unit circle counterclockwise for each branch of the integrand?
13
votes
3answers
1k views

How to evaluate the 0/0 type limit in Mathematica?

When I use Limit to evaluate the $k \to 0$ limit of ((k + 2) (α^2 - Sqrt[α^4 + k]) + k)/(α^2 - Sqrt[α^4 + k] + 2 k) If ...
13
votes
2answers
380 views

What kind of hypergeometric function is it?

I found a formula for an integral of a product of three Bessel functions at The Wolfram Functions Site: I cannot understand what kind of hypergeometric function it is. The Mathematica code given ...
13
votes
4answers
905 views

Mathematica gives wrong result while Wolfram|Alpha is correct

Why does Mathematica and Wolfram|Alpha give different results based upon the same code? I know Wolfram|Alpha's 7.85 is correct.
13
votes
2answers
945 views

Suppressing negative roots in Mathematica

Problem Using Mathematica's Solve operator can sometimes lead to an output involving a positive and negative root (say when solving for a variable such as ...
13
votes
1answer
404 views

What strategies can I use to evaluate a limit when Limit[] returns unevaluated

I'm trying to find the following limit using Mathematica: $$\lim_{N\to\infty}\sum_{k=1}^N\left(\frac{k-1}{N}\right)^N$$ The problem is taken from here and is known to converge to ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Plot showing discontinuity where it shouldn't

I was trying to integrate a continuous function with a kink and I did it two ways and both ways the plot of the result shows a discontinuity. I also later want to differentiate the Integrated ...
13
votes
1answer
328 views

How do I get a general form for n-th derivative of a function? [duplicate]

I tried the following but it basically returns unevaluated: ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How does Mathematica integrate?

Basically, this question can be considered to be an extenstion to my other question. What I wanted to do was this integral as homework (it is indefinite BTW so no approximations using Simpson's Rule ...
13
votes
1answer
305 views

Extra factors appear when evaluating Euler integrals

Note: this is fixed in version 9. When I perform the double integral in Mathematica, Integrate[(x (1 - x))^z (y (1 - y))^z, {x, 0, 1}, {y, 0, 1}] which ...
13
votes
1answer
391 views

Why does Mathematica give an incorrect answer to this multiple integral?

This is not a new problem but I would like to understand why Mathematica gives the result that it does. (Volume of a hypersphere) ...
13
votes
0answers
226 views

Why does Mathematica choose branches as it does in this situation?

Consider these integrals: ...
13
votes
0answers
603 views

Dual complex integral over implicit path using contour plot

Context I am interested in doing double contour integral over paths which are defined implicitely. For the sake of debugging, let's assume its $$\oint_{\cal C}\oint_{\cal C} \frac{1}{u\, x} d u d x$$ ...
12
votes
5answers
661 views

Double series over primes

I'm very curious if the following double series over primes has a closed form: $$\sum_{k \in \mathcal{P}}\sum_{n \in \mathcal{P}}\frac{1}{k\;n(k+n)^2}$$ where $\mathcal{P}$ denotes the set of all ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

How can you compute Itō Integrals with Mathematica?

How can you compute Itō Integrals with Mathematica? I tried searching through the documentations but I didn't find anything. P.S. I was not at all sure how to tag this question. I had to put in at ...
12
votes
2answers
6k views

How to specify assumptions before evaluation?

If I request mathematica evaluate an integral for me, I'll often get a more general ConditionalExpression than I want. Example : ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Derivative of real functions including Re and Im

When deriving functions using Re, Im or Arg (and probably some other functions as well), ...
11
votes
4answers
6k views

Finding critical points of a function

Let's say we'd like to find the critical points of the function $f(x)=\sqrt{x-x^2}$. Finding out where the derivative is 0 is straightforward with Reduce: ...
11
votes
3answers
593 views

Determine frequency of oscillations

I am wondering how I could determine the frequency of oscillations of a differential model equation? How could I find the frequency from this example given in Mathematica Documentation: ...