Questions related to the calculus and analysis branches of Mathematica, including, but not limited to, limits, derivatives, integrals, series, and residues.

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7
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Equation of a line that is tangent to a curve at point

A common problem in the derivative section of calculus texts is "find the equation of the line that is tangent to the curve $y = \ldots$ at the point $P$." To find the line that is tangent to $y = 2 ...
1
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0answers
161 views

How to move differentation before the integral?

I have quite a lot expressions that need to be integrated after switching the integral sign with differentation operator. The additional problem is that the bounds are dependent to one of the ...
1
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1answer
209 views

Need help evaluating definite integral to a function of Y

Suppose $Y = \sqrt{2T}\cos(U)$, $ 0 \le u \le \pi $, and $ 0 \le \cos^{-1}(\frac{y}{\sqrt {2t}}) \le \pi ) $, so $ -1 \le \frac{y}{\sqrt{2t}} \le 1 $, with all $ \mathbb{R}$. The iterated integral ...
5
votes
3answers
318 views

ComplexInfinity/Indeterminate error when evaluating derivative

Motivation: I want to find the coefficients for the polynomial that is obtained when one adds together the first $n$ natural numbers to the power of $a$; that is, when you consider $1^{a} + 2^{a} + ...
5
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3answers
264 views

How to force Dt[ ] to recognize dependencies

I want to differentiate a function f[] for which I don't have a specific expression. f[] depends on ...
13
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1answer
390 views

What strategies can I use to evaluate a limit when Limit[] returns unevaluated

I'm trying to find the following limit using Mathematica: $$\lim_{N\to\infty}\sum_{k=1}^N\left(\frac{k-1}{N}\right)^N$$ The problem is taken from here and is known to converge to ...
1
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1answer
151 views

How to collect q[t] from the following integration

As shown in the following program, the q[t] in a can be collected from the integration by defining the integration of ...
2
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0answers
352 views

Simple contour integral with a parameter gone wrong

I run into the following problem, I tried to evaluate a very simple integral: Assuming[ a > 0 , Integrate[Sin[a*s]/(s - I)^2, {s, -Infinity, Infinity}]] ...
1
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1answer
114 views

How to explain the results of the following integrals?

Why does the following program lead to different results of a21 and a211? ...
7
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2answers
259 views

How to simplify the integration result of the following program?

In the following program, the fec[x] is a function depending on $x$ while q3[t] and q5[t] ...
1
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2answers
587 views

How to draw a tangent to a surface in a given direction?

It seems quite embarrassing for me, but somehow I can't draw a tangent line to a surface in a given direction. Assume that I want to visualize directional derivative of the function, say, ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

How to specify assumptions before evaluation?

If I request mathematica evaluate an integral for me, I'll often get a more general ConditionalExpression than I want. Example : ...
26
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4answers
1k views

Generating evenly spaced points on a curve

In the KnotData package a simple command such as points = Table[KnotData[{3, 1}, "SpaceCurve"][t], {t, 0, 2 Pi, 0.1}]; will ...
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2answers
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Find the dimensions of a cylindrical can that will minimize the cost of the material

A cylindrical can is to be made to hold 1 L of oil. Find the dimensions that will minimize the cost of the metal to manufacture the can. This is a standard calculus problem. The volume of the ...
3
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2answers
3k views

How to convert a system of parametric equations to a normal equation?

For example, I have a system of parametric equations (R is a constant number) : ...
4
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2answers
722 views

Chain rule while differentiating

I am trying to find the derivative of a function defined in polar coordinates with respect to $x$ and $y$. My function is defined as follows: $ v_x(r, \theta ) = v_r \cos (\theta ) - v_{\theta }\sin ...
16
votes
1answer
695 views

How can the {x,y,z} points that fall on the outer boundary of a set of values be selected and smoothly surfaced?

For a given set of x,y,z values, that may, or may not form a uniform shape, how can the center of the data cloud be found, and the surface points be located and a solid smooth surface created from ...
8
votes
2answers
502 views

Why aren't these additions of integrals and summations equal?

I have the following code: Simplify[Integrate[f[x] + g[x], x] == Integrate[f[x], x] + Integrate[g[x], x]] To test: $$\int{\left(f(x) + ...
2
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1answer
464 views

Speeding up a slow indefinite integral

I have found an alternative way to express an old solution: ...
5
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3answers
690 views

Can't compute definite integral

Consider a scalar field (in polar co-ordinates), $f(r) = l-r$. Now I want to evaluate the field integral over a circular region of radius $b$, centered at a distance of $x$ from the origin. According ...
11
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4answers
5k views

How to find the domain and range of a function with Mathematica?

I'm studying calculus and in some exercises I am asked to find the domain and range of a function. Does Mathematica have already a built-in function for this? I can imagine some ways of doing so, ...
2
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1answer
191 views

Assumptions with D

I want to give assumptions for the D function. Say I want to calculate $\frac{d|x|}{dx}$ for $x>0$, which is 1. I write ...
6
votes
1answer
562 views

Getting an InterpolatingFunction from a ContourPlot

I have a function, say minimizeme[Ω_][β_][ϵ_] = ϵ^2 Ω - Log[2 (Cosh[2 β] + Cosh[2 β ϵ])]/(2 β); I want to find its critical points in $\epsilon$ for a given ...
13
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5answers
718 views

Does $x>0$ imply that $x\in\mathbb{R}$?

Let’s assume I input Assuming[x > 0, expression] Is it assumed by Mathematica that $x$ is a real number? Or that the real part of $x$ is positive? Something ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

How can you compute Itō Integrals with Mathematica?

How can you compute Itō Integrals with Mathematica? I tried searching through the documentations but I didn't find anything. P.S. I was not at all sure how to tag this question. I had to put in at ...
7
votes
1answer
360 views

Limit not evaluating

Why is the input Limit[IntegerPart[Sin[x]/x], x -> 0] not being evaluated?
5
votes
0answers
112 views

Calculating a limit with a result that is discontinuous in the parameters

The following limit is left unevaluated (Edit: added the assumption that $\epsilon$ is real thanks to the comment below): ...
12
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1answer
1k views

How does Mathematica integrate?

Basically, this question can be considered to be an extenstion to my other question. What I wanted to do was this integral as homework (it is indefinite BTW so no approximations using Simpson's Rule ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to substitute numeric values in a symbolic Jacobian matrix?

I have a multi-variate function from $\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$. Choosing any desired initial vector, we can produce the corresponding function value, which is a vector as follows. The main problem ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

Finding critical points of a function

Let's say we'd like to find the critical points of the function $f(x)=\sqrt{x-x^2}$. Finding out where the derivative is 0 is straightforward with Reduce: ...
6
votes
1answer
297 views

Check homework integration in Mathematica

Given in my homework I have to compute (by hand) $$\iint\limits_{x^2+y^2\leq 1}(x^2+y^2)\,\mathrm dx\,\,\mathrm dy.$$ My solution so far: Let $f(x,y)=x^2+y^2$ and $K=\{(x,y)\in\mathbb{R}^2:x^2+y^2\leq ...
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2answers
366 views

Quickly differentiate and evaluate a function of several variables

How can I differentiate a function with respect to several variables and evaluate it at the same time ? I want to specify also the variable index that I want to differentiate and the number of times I ...
13
votes
3answers
804 views

How to evaluate the 0/0 type limit in Mathematica?

When I use Limit to evaluate the $k \to 0$ limit of ((k + 2) (α^2 - Sqrt[α^4 + k]) + k)/(α^2 - Sqrt[α^4 + k] + 2 k) If ...
5
votes
1answer
284 views

Finding ranges of a parameter for which a function is always positive

I have a complex function of a single variable expressed in analytical form, which also depends on a parameter. I would like to have Mathematica show me for which values of the parameter the real part ...
7
votes
1answer
687 views

How to find the smallest root

I have a continuous, differentiable, monotonic, bounded function called F[t]. If t -> Infinity then ...
7
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3answers
1k views

how to simplify symbolic integration

The following is the code: ...
4
votes
3answers
494 views

Integrating with multiple indicator functions

I am trying to calculate an integral involving multiple indicator functions, such as: $$ h(u,v,w) = -\int_0^1 J^{\prime\prime}(s) (I_{(0,s]}(u) - s)(I_{(0,s]}(v) - s)(I_{(0,s]}(w) - s)\, ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Using D to find a symbolic derivative

I need to do the following: Define a function Take the derivative of this function and have a look at the symoblic representation Substitute in some values With the bonus that I want to use the ...
10
votes
2answers
833 views

Maximizing a function with assumptions

Using f[s_] := Log[(s/r)^α ((α - 2) n0 r^α + 2 π Pmax ρ r^2) /((α - 2) n0 s^α + 2 π Pmax ρ s^2)]/s When I run the following line: ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Derivative of real functions including Re and Im

When deriving functions using Re, Im or Arg (and probably some other functions as well), ...
7
votes
2answers
595 views

Integration with vector coefficients

I asked this same question in Mathematics, and it was suggested I might try here. I'm more comfortable with Maple, but if I can get Mathematica to do what I'm after, so much the better. Basically ...
13
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2answers
759 views

Suppressing negative roots in Mathematica

Problem Using Mathematica's Solve operator can sometimes lead to an output involving a positive and negative root (say when solving for a variable such as ...
2
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1answer
257 views

Integral not simplifying

I specify a function in terms of an integral and then try to evaluate it with Simplify. However, the answer is not really simplified to what it should be. ...
8
votes
5answers
486 views

simplifying $\frac{\log x^a}{a} = \log x$

If one makes the assumptions $x>0,a>0$, then $\frac{1}{a}\log x^a = \log x$. Thus, in Mathematica, Simplify[1/a*Log[x^a], {a > 0, x > 0}] returns ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

Checking if first derivative is zero at a given point

I have a function V[a_, h_, tau_] := (Sqrt[3]/2) h (Sqrt[3] a + h/3 tau)^2 now I want to check, whether its first derivative is zero in a given point. Say for ...
7
votes
1answer
574 views

Hankel Transform integrals won't work in Mathematica

I'm trying to do this integral, which is shown on the Wikipedia page on the Hankel transformation: $$\int_0^{2\pi}\mathrm d\varphi\;e^{\mathrm im\varphi}e^{\mathrm ikr\cos(\varphi)}$$ The answer is ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Using implicit differentiation to find a line that is tangent to a curve at a point

A few days ago I asked about using differentiation to find a line that is tangent to a curve at a given point. J.M. provided a very elegant way to solve these kinds of problems in Mathematica. Now ...
9
votes
2answers
560 views

Series expansion of an inverse

I have to find the series expansion of the inverse function of : $\arctan\left(\frac{\ln(1+x)}{1+x}\right)$ How do I find out the series expansion of any inverse ? Note: The inverse of a function ...