Questions related to the calculus and analysis branches of Mathematica, including, but not limited to, limits, derivatives, integrals, series, and residues.

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10
votes
4answers
437 views

Mathematica complaints that convergent integral diverges

Bug introduced in 10.0 and fixed in 10.0.2 Trying to do the integral ...
10
votes
2answers
876 views

Is Mathematica really getting this limit wrong?

Bug introduced in 5.1 and fixed in 10.0.2 I'm trying to calculate: $$ \lim_{\beta \to \infty} \tanh \left( \beta A \right) = \mathrm{sgn} \left( A \right) $$ for $A \in \mathbb{R}$, $\mathrm{sgn} ...
10
votes
2answers
428 views

Recursive Integral for Volume of $n$-Ball

The volume of an $n$-ball (the $(n+1)$-dimensional analogue of a disk) of radius $r$ can be found by the following integral recurrence: $$V_0(r)=2r$$ ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Is it possible to calculate a Lebesgue integral in Mathematica?

As the title says, I wonder if it is possible to calculate a Lebesgue integral in Mathematica, especially when the domain of integration is $\mathbb{R}^N$, or in other words multivatiate Lebesgue ...
10
votes
1answer
374 views

How to code around known MMa special-case failures?

Fourier Analysis and Signal Processing often require these integrals on functions f[x] that won't be known in advance. ...
10
votes
2answers
499 views

Interpolating an Antiderivative

I'd like to be able to make InterpolatingFunctions for antiderivatives of functions that can't be integrated symbolically. However, the following code returns ...
10
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2answers
151 views
10
votes
2answers
317 views

Asymptotics of $\frac{\sum _{i=0}^{\lfloor n/2 \rfloor} {2(n-2i) \choose n-2i} {n \choose 2i} {4i \choose 2i}}{2^{3n - 1}}$

I am fairly sure that asymptotically $$\frac{\sum _{i=0}^{\lfloor n/2 \rfloor} {2(n-2i) \choose n-2i} {n \choose 2i} {4i \choose 2i}}{2^{3n - 1}} \sim \frac{2}{\pi n}.$$ I tried ...
10
votes
1answer
541 views

Is it possible to find a limit of a sequence given by its recurrence relation?

I need to calculate a limit of a sequence given by its recurrence relation. I tried the following: ...
10
votes
1answer
470 views

Symbolic Integration along contour: branch cut problem?

Context Following this question on path integrals in the complex plane, having defined again a numerical and symbolic integrator along a path as ...
10
votes
1answer
212 views

Wrong Limit with LaguerreL

Bug introduced in 7.0 and fixed in 10.2.0 Limit[(n! LaguerreL[n,-1]/(n^(n+1/4)/Sqrt[2]/E^(n-2 Sqrt[n]+1/2))-1) Sqrt[n], n->∞] Mathematica (wrong) output ...
10
votes
1answer
134 views

Teaching Mathematica more about DiracDelta and KroneckerDelta

As the documentation and some experimentation indicates, Mathematica contains little information about representations of the DiracDelta and ...
10
votes
1answer
426 views

Compute inverse Laplace transform with Integrate

Since inverse Laplace transform is just an integral, while we already have InverseLaplaceTransform built in, can we compute it with ...
10
votes
1answer
278 views

Contour Integration along a contour containing two branch points

I need to compute following contour integrations: $$f(u)=\oint_\alpha dz \sqrt{z^3+z+u} \qquad ; \qquad g(u)=\oint_\beta dz \sqrt{z^3+z+u}$$ In which $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are two contours in ...
10
votes
2answers
260 views

Mathematica integration failure - new or old?

Bug introduced in 7.0.1 or earlier, persists through 10.1 Consider the following integral: Integrate[Log[a Cos[x]^2 + b Sin[x]^2], {x, 0, 2Pi}] This takes a ...
10
votes
2answers
524 views

How to take derivative of parameterized coordinate?

Suppose I have a vector in $\mathbb{R}^n$ but $n$ is not known in advance. I want to be able to write functions which operate on the components of that vector, and then I'd like to be able to take ...
10
votes
1answer
287 views

Dirichlet coefficients as limits: wrong

Perhaps I should have included the word "bug" in my question. Here we go There is a bug in this Limit Limit[3^s (-1 - 2^-s + Zeta[s]), s -> ∞] (* 0 *) which ...
10
votes
1answer
146 views

How to predict the degree of the first series coefficient?

Given an expression f that is a function of x and a number x0, what is the least integer ...
10
votes
0answers
130 views

Strange behaviour of integrals with Cos, Sin, and Exp

During the study of the problem How to solve this integration? I have discovered a strange behaviour of some integrals. I would consider it a bug. ...
10
votes
1answer
333 views

Limit of sequence of functions behaving strange

I'm trying to determine the limit of the sequence of functions $$f_n(x)=\left(\frac{1}{\pi}\arctan(n x) + 1/2\right)^n. $$ I define ...
9
votes
5answers
6k views

Notation of partial derivative

I want to write partial derivatives of functions with many arguments. Why is it that when I type f[x,y] ctrl+6 (0,1) it turns out to be bad syntax? The output of ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Paths integrals in the complex plane

I can't find how to calculate path integrals of complex functions in the complex plane. For example: $$\oint_{\mid z \mid =2}\frac{1-e^z+z}{z^3 (z-1)^2}dz$$
9
votes
6answers
820 views
9
votes
3answers
887 views

Inverting a function in a certain region

InverseFunction works well for globally invertible functions, like f = 2*# + 2 &; InverseFunction[f] ...
9
votes
2answers
883 views

Find closed form expression for series expansion coefficients [duplicate]

Is there a built-in function that will find a general expression for the coefficient of the series expansion of a function? Series will only give the explicit ...
9
votes
2answers
749 views

Why aren't these additions of integrals and summations equal?

I have the following code: Simplify[Integrate[f[x] + g[x], x] == Integrate[f[x], x] + Integrate[g[x], x]] To test: $$\int{\left(f(x) + ...
9
votes
2answers
536 views

Why do I get a different value when I change the order of integration?

I think the following two-dimensional integrals should be equal, since they both integrate the function over the half plane defined by $t>\tau$. $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \mathrm{d}t ...
9
votes
2answers
738 views

Problem with numerical evaluation of analytically solved integral, solution way off

The following command in Version 9.0.1: N[Integrate[x^50*Sin[x], {x, 0, 1}]] gives $1.4615\times 10^{48}$ which is way off from the correct solution which is ...
9
votes
1answer
10k views

Quick Hessian matrix and gradient calculation?

I am absolutely new to Mathematica and I actually want to try implementing a little optimization method . Long story short assuming I have a predefined two-variable function f(x,y) I want to ...
9
votes
2answers
180 views

Integrating a BesselJ integrand to obtain the same result as Maple 16

I would like to check the following integration: Integrate[y*Integrate[1/x*BesselJ[1,x*Exp[I*π/4]]*BesselJ[1,x*Exp[-I*π/4]],{x,0,y}],{y,0,r}] Mathematica 9.0 is ...
9
votes
1answer
409 views

Laplacian and DiracDelta

It is known that: $\nabla^2 \dfrac{1}{|r-r'|} = - 4 \pi \delta^3(\vec{r}-\vec{r}')$. If I do that with Mathematica, I find: ...
9
votes
1answer
164 views

When to use GenerateConditions -> True

Many functions, usuallly those involving integration, take a GenerateConditions option which often defaults to False, or at ...
9
votes
1answer
299 views

Mathematica: computing a difficult integral

I am trying to compute the following integral: Integrate[Exp[Sum[-((cw λ - b[i])^2/(2 σ^2)), {i, 1, n}]], {cw, 0, 1}] And currently Mathematica outputs ...
9
votes
1answer
400 views

How to calculate this integral? Integrate[BesselJ[0, x - BesselJZero[0, 1]]/x, {x, -Infinity, Infinity}]

I tried to calculate the following integral, but it returned unevaluated. ...
9
votes
3answers
444 views

Pulling constants out of integrations [duplicate]

The following is the code and output of a Mathematica command How do I get Mathematica to remove $g(y)$ outside the integral?
9
votes
1answer
260 views

Why don't products of Dirac deltas integrate correctly?

Bug introduced in 10.0.0 and fixed in 10.0.1 The integral $\int \int \ \delta(x) \delta(y) \ dx dy=1$ evaluates to 0 in Mathematica ...
9
votes
1answer
332 views

Expanding derivatives of hypergeometric functions

Sometimes Mathematica expresses results of integration or summation in terms of symbolic derivatives of Hypergeometric2F1 function, and cannot further simplify ...
9
votes
1answer
661 views

Symbolic scalar-by-matrix derivative

Let's say I want to calculate the following scalar-by-matrix derivative $$\frac{\partial}{\partial A} \text{tr} \left[(\vec X^T A)^T (\vec X^T A)\right],$$ with $\vec X$ and $A$ being a $n \times 1$ ...
9
votes
1answer
135 views

Non-rectilinear integration of InterpolatingFunction

Bug introduced in 7 or earlier and persisting through 10.3.1 [CASE:3487737] I have a 2-d array that I would like to resample into a different coordinate system and integrate along one of the new ...
9
votes
1answer
237 views

Suspected bug in Integrate

Bug introduced in 9.0.1 or earlier and fixed in 10.1.0 In version 10.0: ...
9
votes
1answer
601 views

Integral with HeavisideTheta takes too long to evaluate

I tried to compute $$\int_{-1}^1 d x_1 \int_{-1}^1 d x_2 \int_{-1}^1 d y_1 \int_{-1}^1 d y_2 \theta(x_1 x_2 + y_1 y_2)\,$$ where $\theta$ is Heaviside's step function, by using ...
9
votes
0answers
240 views

Is there a way to teach integrate new solutions?

I have an integral which I can solve, but integrate cannot: ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Using D to find a symbolic derivative

I need to do the following: Define a function Take the derivative of this function and have a look at the symoblic representation Substitute in some values With the bonus that I want to use the ...
8
votes
7answers
1k views

Trying to prove that $x\sin(\frac{\pi}{x})\ge\pi \cos(\frac{\pi}{x})$ for $x\ge 1$

Consider the function f[x_] := x Sin[Pi/x] I want to prove that this function is increasing for $x\ge 1$. This can be done with the first derivative. We have to ...
8
votes
5answers
595 views

simplifying $\frac{\log x^a}{a} = \log x$

If one makes the assumptions $x>0,a>0$, then $\frac{1}{a}\log x^a = \log x$. Thus, in Mathematica, Simplify[1/a*Log[x^a], {a > 0, x > 0}] returns ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I find line integrals?

For example, how can I calculate $$\int_{\left | z \right |=1}\frac{dz}{z}$$ I know that the answer is $2\pi i$ but how do I do it using Mathematica?
8
votes
3answers
700 views

How can I calculate the perimeter of an equation-defined curve?

This is how the curve looks like: ...
8
votes
2answers
687 views

Weird plot with SphericalPlot3D

Taking the equation $x^2-y^2-z^2=1$ and using ContourPlot3D: ContourPlot3D[ x^2 - y^2 - z^2 == 1, {x, -3, 3}, {y, -3, 3}, {z, -3, 3}] Yields the proper image. ...
8
votes
2answers
684 views

Probability: Calculating a multiple integral

Find the value of $P[\Pi_{i=1}^{10}X_i > C]$ for $C=2,5$, where $X_{10\times 1}$ is a random vector with $10$ dimensional Cauchy Distribution having location parameter $\mu_{10\times 1} = ...
8
votes
4answers
412 views

Definite integral incorrectly giving a nonreal value

fixed in 10.1 (windows and Mac OS X) In Mathematica 10.0, when I enter N[Integrate[Sqrt[1+x^3],{x,-1,3}]] I get a nonreal value (i.e., the imaginary part is ...