Questions related to the calculus and analysis branches of Mathematica, including, but not limited to, limits, derivatives, integrals, series, and residues.

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13
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1answer
349 views

How do I get a general form for n-th derivative of a function? [duplicate]

I tried the following but it basically returns unevaluated: ...
13
votes
1answer
315 views

Extra factors appear when evaluating Euler integrals

Note: this is fixed in version 9. When I perform the double integral in Mathematica, Integrate[(x (1 - x))^z (y (1 - y))^z, {x, 0, 1}, {y, 0, 1}] which ...
13
votes
1answer
408 views

Why does Mathematica give an incorrect answer to this multiple integral?

This is not a new problem but I would like to understand why Mathematica gives the result that it does. (Volume of a hypersphere) ...
12
votes
5answers
716 views

Double series over primes

I'm very curious if the following double series over primes has a closed form: $$\sum_{k \in \mathcal{P}}\sum_{n \in \mathcal{P}}\frac{1}{k\;n(k+n)^2}$$ where $\mathcal{P}$ denotes the set of all ...
12
votes
3answers
270 views

How to efficiently find moments of a multinormal distribution?

I have a multinormal distribution with covariance matrix $\sigma$ and zero mean. I want to find moment $$ E[x_1^{r_1}x_2^{r_2}\cdots x_n^{r_n}] =\,? $$ Of course, there is a build-in function ...
12
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5answers
2k views

How can you compute Itō Integrals with Mathematica?

How can you compute Itō Integrals with Mathematica? I tried searching through the documentations but I didn't find anything. P.S. I was not at all sure how to tag this question. I had to put in at ...
12
votes
2answers
7k views

How to specify assumptions before evaluation?

If I request mathematica evaluate an integral for me, I'll often get a more general ConditionalExpression than I want. Example : ...
12
votes
3answers
395 views

How can I obtain an asymptotic integral expansion at infinity?

I want to find the asymptotic expansion at $x \to \infty$ of the following function: $$ I(x) \equiv \int_0^{\pi/2} e^{-xt^3 \cos(t)} dt.$$ To do this I defined ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Suppressing negative roots in Mathematica

Problem Using Mathematica's Solve operator can sometimes lead to an output involving a positive and negative root (say when solving for a variable such as ...
12
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1answer
792 views

1/x integration giving 0 instead of infinity [duplicate]

I stumbled across the fact this integral: Integrate[1/y, {y, 0, 1}, GenerateConditions -> False] returns 0 Anybody ...
12
votes
1answer
349 views

Why is this infinite series wrongly computed by Mathematica?

Could you let me know if Mathematica (newer versions) is able to correctly compute this one? Sum[(-1)^(n + 1) Cos[3^n x]^3/3^n, {n, 1, Infinity}]
11
votes
4answers
7k views

Finding critical points of a function

Let's say we'd like to find the critical points of the function $f(x)=\sqrt{x-x^2}$. Finding out where the derivative is 0 is straightforward with Reduce: ...
11
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3answers
2k views

how to simplify symbolic integration

The following is the code: ...
11
votes
3answers
757 views

Determine frequency of oscillations

I am wondering how I could determine the frequency of oscillations of a differential model equation? How could I find the frequency from this example given in Mathematica Documentation: ...
11
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2answers
4k views

Equation of a line that is tangent to a curve at point

A common problem in the derivative section of calculus texts is "find the equation of the line that is tangent to the curve $y = \ldots$ at the point $P$." To find the line that is tangent to $y = 2 ...
11
votes
6answers
5k views

Finding the centroid of the area between two curves

When I have an area bounded by curves, is there a built-in way to find the center of the area? Or do I have to plot it first and then use ComponentMeasurements on ...
11
votes
2answers
714 views

Series expansion of an inverse

I have to find the series expansion of the inverse function of : $\arctan\left(\frac{\ln(1+x)}{1+x}\right)$ How do I find out the series expansion of any inverse ? Note: The inverse of a function ...
11
votes
2answers
691 views

Why does Integrate declare a convergent integral divergent?

When I try this command Integrate[1/Sqrt[(s^2 - u)^2 - 1], {s, m, Infinity}, Assumptions -> u > 2 && m > 10] Mathematica declares that the ...
11
votes
2answers
266 views

Why doesn't Mathematica evaluate this simple limit?

I want to evaluate $$\displaystyle\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(n-\sqrt{\sin(n)+10n+n^2}\right)^2$$ I used this code ...
11
votes
3answers
377 views

Find asymptotics of $\sum\limits_{i=0}^{n/3} 2^i \binom{n-i-1}{\frac{2n}{3}-1}$

I have an expression 2^n / Sum[ 2^i Binomial[ n - i - 1, 2n/3 - 1], { i, 0, n/3}] ...
11
votes
1answer
217 views

What exactly does GenerateConditions do?

Consider for example this strange behavior: Integrate[1/x, {x, 0, Infinity}, GenerateConditions -> False] (*0*) I'd also like to know the difference between ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Maximizing a function with assumptions

Using f[s_] := Log[(s/r)^α ((α - 2) n0 r^α + 2 π Pmax ρ r^2) /((α - 2) n0 s^α + 2 π Pmax ρ s^2)]/s When I run the following line: ...
11
votes
2answers
359 views

Why Mathematica cannot apply The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus automatically?

For some reason Mathematica cannot evaluate this definite integral: ...
11
votes
1answer
188 views

Keeping Integrate from making unnecessary assumptions

I would like to evaluate the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \mathrm{d}x \, \exp\left(- a x^2 - x^4\right)$ for any real value of $a$. Mathematica 8.0.4 gives the following result: ...
10
votes
8answers
1k views

Finding maximum or minimum of implicit functions

is there any built in function that can be used to find maximum or minimum of implicit functions? For example, if we have the equation $$x^2 + y^2 = (2 x^2 + 2 y^2 - x)^2,$$ then we can visualize the ...
10
votes
3answers
831 views

Different results for integration using Mathematica and MATLAB

I have the following integration: $$\text{y}=2 \sqrt{\frac{1}{\pi }} \int_0^{\infty } \frac{e^{-z} \left(1-e^{-\frac{z}{b}} \left(\frac{a}{a+c z}\right)^L\right)}{\sqrt{z}} \, dz$$ I get different ...
10
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6answers
741 views

Integrate gives wrong results

Integrate[a/(Sin[t]^2 + a^2), {t, 0, 2 Pi}] $$\int_0^{2 \pi } \frac{a}{a^2+\sin ^2(t)} \, dt$$ gives $0$ This cannot be true. What is going on? If I insert a ...
10
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4answers
4k views

How can I differentiate Numerically?

Mathematica has two ways to integrate: Integrate and NIntegrate. But what about D? ...
10
votes
2answers
737 views

Derivative from the left and right

I am currently trying to write a script that takes a curve $C$, a starting point $p$ and a direction vector $\vec{v}$ and calculates the path of a beam starting at $p$ in direction $\vec{v}$ when it ...
10
votes
4answers
368 views

Correct way to integrate a certain function

I want to integrate $$ \int_{0}^{2\pi} dt_1 \frac{a + b*\cos(t_1 - t_2)}{c + d*\cos(t_1 - t_2)} $$ where $a, b, c, d, t_2$ are real numbers and $c + d > 0$ & $0 \leq t_2 \leq 2\pi$. I used ...
10
votes
4answers
390 views

Mathematica complaints that convergent integral diverges

Bug introduced in 10.0 and fixed in 10.0.2 Trying to do the integral ...
10
votes
2answers
821 views

Is Mathematica really getting this limit wrong?

Bug introduced in 5.1 and fixed in 10.0.2 I'm trying to calculate: $$ \lim_{\beta \to \infty} \tanh \left( \beta A \right) = \mathrm{sgn} \left( A \right) $$ for $A \in \mathbb{R}$, $\mathrm{sgn} ...
10
votes
2answers
141 views
10
votes
1answer
492 views

Why does Mathematica return a Fourier transform for a function for which it is not defined?

The following function $$g(x) = (1 + x^{1/a} )^a $$ should NOT have a Fourier transform, as far as I am aware, for any real values of $a$ since $g(x)$ is not nice in the sense of decays quickly ...
10
votes
1answer
450 views

Is it possible to find a limit of a sequence given by its recurrence relation?

I need to calculate a limit of a sequence given by its recurrence relation. I tried the following: ...
10
votes
2answers
249 views

Asymptotics of $\frac{\sum _{i=0}^{\lfloor n/2 \rfloor} {2(n-2i) \choose n-2i} {n \choose 2i} {4i \choose 2i}}{2^{3n - 1}}$

I am fairly sure that asymptotically $$\frac{\sum _{i=0}^{\lfloor n/2 \rfloor} {2(n-2i) \choose n-2i} {n \choose 2i} {4i \choose 2i}}{2^{3n - 1}} \sim \frac{2}{\pi n}.$$ I tried ...
10
votes
1answer
407 views

Symbolic Integration along contour: branch cut problem?

Context Following this question on path integrals in the complex plane, having defined again a numerical and symbolic integrator along a path as ...
10
votes
2answers
415 views

How to take derivative of parameterized coordinate?

Suppose I have a vector in $\mathbb{R}^n$ but $n$ is not known in advance. I want to be able to write functions which operate on the components of that vector, and then I'd like to be able to take ...
10
votes
1answer
188 views

Dirichlet coefficients as limits: wrong

Perhaps I should have included the word "bug" in my question. Here we go There is a bug in this Limit Limit[3^s (-1 - 2^-s + Zeta[s]), s -> ∞] (* 0 *) which ...
10
votes
2answers
243 views

Mathematica integration failure - new or old?

Bug introduced in 7.0.1 or earlier, persists through 10.1 Consider the following integral: Integrate[Log[a Cos[x]^2 + b Sin[x]^2], {x, 0, 2Pi}] This takes a ...
10
votes
3answers
386 views

Typeset unbalanced brackets

In LaTeX, you can typeset expressions containing unbalanced brackets, by balancing them with an invisible delimiter \left. or ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Plot a 2D vector path onto a surface

In my calculus 3 course, we're studying gradients and have a project that takes a combination of 3D Gaussian radial surfaces and a basic parametric path $r(t) = \{x(t),y(t)\}$ to see how the gradient ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

How to plot and find the volume of a solid?

How to plot and find the volume of the solid enclosed between the paraboloid z=5(x^2+y^2) and z=6-7x^2-y^2 And the answer of ...
9
votes
5answers
4k views

Notation of partial derivative

I want to write partial derivatives of functions with many arguments. Why is it that when I type f[x,y] ctrl+6 (0,1) it turns out to be bad syntax? The output of ...
9
votes
3answers
390 views

Maximize violating constraints

I have Maximize[{(h*10)/(300*(100 - (l^.5 + d^.4 + H^.6))), (l + d + H + h) == 669, l > 0, d > 0, H > 0, h > 0}, {h, l, d, H}] I believe ...
9
votes
2answers
213 views

Volumes of Revolution with detailed diagram

All, In calculus I have to do images such as the following in helping explain technique to students. This one is by rotating $y=\sqrt x$ about the x-axis, an image copied from Stewart's Calculus ...
9
votes
3answers
796 views

Inverting a function in a certain region

InverseFunction works well for globally invertible functions, like f = 2*# + 2 &; InverseFunction[f] ...
9
votes
2answers
761 views

Find closed form expression for series expansion coefficients [duplicate]

Is there a built-in function that will find a general expression for the coefficient of the series expansion of a function? Series will only give the explicit ...
9
votes
2answers
669 views

Why aren't these additions of integrals and summations equal?

I have the following code: Simplify[Integrate[f[x] + g[x], x] == Integrate[f[x], x] + Integrate[g[x], x]] To test: $$\int{\left(f(x) + ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I evaluate a double or triple integral over a region?

Say I need to evaluate the integral $\iiint_W f(x,y,z) dx dy dz$ and $W$ is a region given to me like $W = \{ (x,y,z) : 1 \leq x^2 + y^2 \leq 4, 1 \leq z \leq 5\}$. I don't how to do this with a ...