Questions related to the calculus and analysis branches of Mathematica, including, but not limited to, limits, derivatives, integrals, series, and residues.

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11
votes
3answers
3k views

Derivative of real functions including Re and Im

When deriving functions using Re, Im or Arg (and probably some other functions as well), ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Maximizing a function with assumptions

Using f[s_] := Log[(s/r)^α ((α - 2) n0 r^α + 2 π Pmax ρ r^2) /((α - 2) n0 s^α + 2 π Pmax ρ s^2)]/s When I run the following line: ...
11
votes
1answer
180 views

Keeping Integrate from making unnecessary assumptions

I would like to evaluate the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \mathrm{d}x \, \exp\left(- a x^2 - x^4\right)$ for any real value of $a$. Mathematica 8.0.4 gives the following result: ...
10
votes
2answers
650 views

Derivative from the left and right

I am currently trying to write a script that takes a curve $C$, a starting point $p$ and a direction vector $\vec{v}$ and calculates the path of a beam starting at $p$ in direction $\vec{v}$ when it ...
10
votes
2answers
634 views

Series expansion of an inverse

I have to find the series expansion of the inverse function of : $\arctan\left(\frac{\ln(1+x)}{1+x}\right)$ How do I find out the series expansion of any inverse ? Note: The inverse of a function ...
10
votes
3answers
328 views

Correct way to integrate a certain function

I want to integrate $$ \int_{0}^{2\pi} dt_1 \frac{a + b*\cos(t_1 - t_2)}{c + d*\cos(t_1 - t_2)} $$ where $a, b, c, d, t_2$ are real numbers and $c + d > 0$ & $0 \leq t_2 \leq 2\pi$. I used ...
10
votes
4answers
274 views

No response to an infinite limit

Trying to compute this limit, things seem to get frozen, even for hours. What would you recommend to fastly compute it? ...
10
votes
2answers
576 views

Why does Integrate declare a convergent integral divergent?

When I try this command Integrate[1/Sqrt[(s^2 - u)^2 - 1], {s, m, Infinity}, Assumptions -> u > 2 && m > 10] Mathematica declares that the ...
10
votes
1answer
435 views

Why does Mathematica return a Fourier transform for a function for which it is not defined?

The following function $$g(x) = (1 + x^{1/a} )^a $$ should NOT have a Fourier transform, as far as I am aware, for any real values of $a$ since $g(x)$ is not nice in the sense of decays quickly ...
10
votes
2answers
328 views

How to take derivative of parameterized coordinate?

Suppose I have a vector in $\mathbb{R}^n$ but $n$ is not known in advance. I want to be able to write functions which operate on the components of that vector, and then I'd like to be able to take ...
10
votes
3answers
345 views

Typeset unbalanced brackets

In LaTeX, you can typeset expressions containing unbalanced brackets, by balancing them with an invisible delimiter \left. or ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Plot a 2D vector path onto a surface

In my calculus 3 course, we're studying gradients and have a project that takes a combination of 3D Gaussian radial surfaces and a basic parametric path $r(t) = \{x(t),y(t)\}$ to see how the gradient ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

how to simplify symbolic integration

The following is the code: ...
9
votes
3answers
364 views

Maximize violating constraints

I have Maximize[{(h*10)/(300*(100 - (l^.5 + d^.4 + H^.6))), (l + d + H + h) == 669, l > 0, d > 0, H > 0, h > 0}, {h, l, d, H}] I believe ...
9
votes
3answers
686 views

Different results for integration using Mathematica and MATLAB

I have the following integration: $$\text{y}=2 \sqrt{\frac{1}{\pi }} \int_0^{\infty } \frac{e^{-z} \left(1-e^{-\frac{z}{b}} \left(\frac{a}{a+c z}\right)^L\right)}{\sqrt{z}} \, dz$$ I get different ...
9
votes
2answers
656 views

Find closed form expression for series expansion coefficients [duplicate]

Is there a built-in function that will find a general expression for the coefficient of the series expansion of a function? Series will only give the explicit ...
9
votes
3answers
652 views

Inverting a function in a certain region

InverseFunction works well for globally invertible functions, like f = 2*# + 2 &; InverseFunction[f] ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Equation of a line that is tangent to a curve at point

A common problem in the derivative section of calculus texts is "find the equation of the line that is tangent to the curve $y = \ldots$ at the point $P$." To find the line that is tangent to $y = 2 ...
9
votes
2answers
594 views

Problem with numerical evaluation of analytically solved integral, solution way off

The following command in Version 9.0.1: N[Integrate[x^50*Sin[x], {x, 0, 1}]] gives $1.4615\times 10^{48}$ which is way off from the correct solution which is ...
9
votes
2answers
348 views

Recursive Integral for Volume of $n$-Ball

The volume of an $n$-ball (the $(n+1)$-dimensional analogue of a disk) of radius $r$ can be found by the following integral recurrence: $$V_0(r)=2r$$ ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I differentiate Numerically?

Mathematica has two ways to integrate: Integrate and NIntegrate. But what about D? ...
9
votes
1answer
279 views

Mathematica: computing a difficult integral

I am trying to compute the following integral: Integrate[Exp[Sum[-((cw λ - b[i])^2/(2 σ^2)), {i, 1, n}]], {cw, 0, 1}] And currently Mathematica outputs ...
9
votes
1answer
395 views

Is it possible to find a limit of a sequence given by its recurrence relation?

I need to calculate a limit of a sequence given by its recurrence relation. I tried the following: ...
9
votes
1answer
312 views

How to calculate this integral? Integrate[BesselJ[0, x - BesselJZero[0, 1]]/x, {x, -Infinity, Infinity}]

I tried to calculate the following integral, but it returned unevaluated. ...
8
votes
8answers
1k views

Finding maximum or minimum of implicit functions

is there any built in function that can be used to find maximum or minimum of implicit functions? For example, if we have the equation $$x^2 + y^2 = (2 x^2 + 2 y^2 - x)^2,$$ then we can visualize the ...
8
votes
5answers
520 views

simplifying $\frac{\log x^a}{a} = \log x$

If one makes the assumptions $x>0,a>0$, then $\frac{1}{a}\log x^a = \log x$. Thus, in Mathematica, Simplify[1/a*Log[x^a], {a > 0, x > 0}] returns ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

How to find the nth derivative?

This question is not the same as my last one. How do you find the $n$-th derivative where $n$ is a variable? For example, you can find the nth derivative for a specific $n = 3$ ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I find line integrals?

For example, how can I calculate $$\int_{\left | z \right |=1}\frac{dz}{z}$$ I know that the answer is $2\pi i$ but how do I do it using Mathematica?
8
votes
2answers
584 views

Why aren't these additions of integrals and summations equal?

I have the following code: Simplify[Integrate[f[x] + g[x], x] == Integrate[f[x], x] + Integrate[g[x], x]] To test: $$\int{\left(f(x) + ...
8
votes
3answers
495 views

How can I calculate the perimeter of an equation-defined curve?

This is how the curve looks like: ...
8
votes
4answers
313 views

Mathematica complaints that convergent integral diverges

Bug introduced in 10.0.0. Fixed in 10.0.2 Trying to do the integral ...
8
votes
2answers
719 views

Is Mathematica really getting this limit wrong?

I'm trying to calculate: $$ \lim_{\beta \to \infty} \tanh \left( \beta A \right) = \mathrm{sgn} \left( A \right) $$ for $A \in \mathbb{R}$, $\mathrm{sgn} \left( \# \right)$ being the sign function. ...
8
votes
2answers
478 views

Double integral over a parallelogram

Problem: Evaluate the following double integral $$\int \!\!\! \int_D (14 x^2+61 xy+42 y^2)^{3} \, dxdy$$ where $D$ is a parallelogram between these four lines: $2x+7y=6$, $2x+7 y=-6$, $7x+6 y=6$ and ...
8
votes
1answer
337 views

ReplaceAll[] and Limit[] don't give correct results for this expression under extreme variables [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Funny behaviour when plotting a polynomial of high degree and large coefficients 1/x^2 + (3 + x)/(6 (1 - Exp[x] + x)) ——This is a ...
8
votes
2answers
670 views

Symbolic integration in real domain only ( assumptions and ComplexExpand don't work)

Integrate[m^2/((x - m^2)^2 + y^2), m] mathematica gives me a complex-valued reuslt, but maple 17 gives me what I want. I tried using assumptions, but it doesn't ...
8
votes
1answer
148 views

Expanding derivatives of hypergeometric functions

Sometimes Mathematica expresses results of integration or summation in terms of symbolic derivatives of Hypergeometric2F1 function, and cannot further simplify ...
8
votes
3answers
242 views

Pulling constants out of integrations [duplicate]

The following is the code and output of a Mathematica command How do I get Mathematica to remove $g(y)$ outside the integral?
8
votes
1answer
357 views

Symbolic Integration along contour: branch cut problem?

Context Following this question on path integrals in the complex plane, having defined again a numerical and symbolic integrator along a path as ...
8
votes
1answer
565 views

Is there any automatic differentiation package?

I'm wondering if an automatic differentiation package exists for Mathematica. This is what I mean by automatic differentiation.
8
votes
1answer
248 views

Why is this infinite series wrongly computed by Mathematica?

Could you let me know if Mathematica (newer versions) is able to correctly compute this one? Sum[(-1)^(n + 1) Cos[3^n x]^3/3^n, {n, 1, Infinity}]
8
votes
2answers
865 views

Bug in Integrate for Mathematica

Consider the following: ...
8
votes
1answer
450 views

Numerical contour integrations in the complex plane - contour deformation gives different answer for analytic kernel

I am trying to do a contour integration in Mathematica numerically. In particular, I'm checking the identity: $$ H_m^{(1)}(z) =\frac{i^{-m}}{\pi}\int_{-\pi/2 + i \infty}^{\pi/2 - i \infty} \exp[i m ...
8
votes
1answer
189 views

Mathematica integration failure - new or old?

Bug introduced in 7.0.1 or earlier Consider the following integral: Integrate[Log[a Cos[x]^2 + b Sin[x]^2], {x, 0, 2Pi}] This takes a LONG time (this is ...
8
votes
1answer
425 views

Integral with HeavisideTheta takes too long to evaluate

I tried to compute $$\int_{-1}^1 d x_1 \int_{-1}^1 d x_2 \int_{-1}^1 d y_1 \int_{-1}^1 d y_2 \theta(x_1 x_2 + y_1 y_2)\,$$ where $\theta$ is Heaviside's step function, by using ...
8
votes
0answers
221 views

Is there a way to teach integrate new solutions?

I have an integral which I can solve, but integrate cannot: ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Using D to find a symbolic derivative

I need to do the following: Define a function Take the derivative of this function and have a look at the symoblic representation Substitute in some values With the bonus that I want to use the ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

How to plot and find the volume of a solid?

How to plot and find the volume of the solid enclosed between the paraboloid z=5(x^2+y^2) and z=6-7x^2-y^2 And the answer of ...
7
votes
6answers
948 views

Trying to prove that $x\sin(\frac{\pi}{x})\ge\pi \cos(\frac{\pi}{x})$ for $x\ge 1$

Consider the function f[x_] := x Sin[Pi/x] I want to prove that this function is increasing for $x\ge 1$. This can be done with the first derivative. We have to ...
7
votes
3answers
306 views

Generating a polynomial that's accurate to within an error of no more than 1/10^5

I'm currently stuck on a question for class that asks... "Find a polynomial p[x] that you can use to calculate 6 ArcTan[x] to ...
7
votes
2answers
589 views

Simplifying the derivative of $|x|$

Context In[855]:= D[Abs[x], x] /. x -> 1 Out[855]= Derivative[1][Abs][1] In[856]:= D[x, x] /. x -> 1 Out[856]= 1 Question Why is ...