Questions related to the calculus and analysis branches of Mathematica, including, but not limited to, limits, derivatives, integrals, series, and residues.

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12
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2answers
6k views

How to specify assumptions before evaluation?

If I request mathematica evaluate an integral for me, I'll often get a more general ConditionalExpression than I want. Example : ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Derivative of real functions including Re and Im

When deriving functions using Re, Im or Arg (and probably some other functions as well), ...
12
votes
3answers
344 views

How can I obtain an asymptotic integral expansion at infinity?

I want to find the asymptotic expansion at $x \to \infty$ of the following function: $$ I(x) \equiv \int_0^{\pi/2} e^{-xt^3 \cos(t)} dt.$$ To do this I defined ...
11
votes
4answers
6k views

Finding critical points of a function

Let's say we'd like to find the critical points of the function $f(x)=\sqrt{x-x^2}$. Finding out where the derivative is 0 is straightforward with Reduce: ...
11
votes
3answers
632 views

Determine frequency of oscillations

I am wondering how I could determine the frequency of oscillations of a differential model equation? How could I find the frequency from this example given in Mathematica Documentation: ...
11
votes
3answers
248 views

How to efficiently find moments of a multinormal distribution?

I have a multinormal distribution with covariance matrix $\sigma$ and zero mean. I want to find moment $$ E[x_1^{r_1}x_2^{r_2}\cdots x_n^{r_n}] =\,? $$ Of course, there is a build-in function ...
11
votes
6answers
5k views

Finding the centroid of the area between two curves

When I have an area bounded by curves, is there a built-in way to find the center of the area? Or do I have to plot it first and then use ComponentMeasurements on ...
11
votes
2answers
671 views

Series expansion of an inverse

I have to find the series expansion of the inverse function of : $\arctan\left(\frac{\ln(1+x)}{1+x}\right)$ How do I find out the series expansion of any inverse ? Note: The inverse of a function ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Maximizing a function with assumptions

Using f[s_] := Log[(s/r)^α ((α - 2) n0 r^α + 2 π Pmax ρ r^2) /((α - 2) n0 s^α + 2 π Pmax ρ s^2)]/s When I run the following line: ...
11
votes
1answer
183 views

Keeping Integrate from making unnecessary assumptions

I would like to evaluate the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \mathrm{d}x \, \exp\left(- a x^2 - x^4\right)$ for any real value of $a$. Mathematica 8.0.4 gives the following result: ...
10
votes
3answers
747 views

Different results for integration using Mathematica and MATLAB

I have the following integration: $$\text{y}=2 \sqrt{\frac{1}{\pi }} \int_0^{\infty } \frac{e^{-z} \left(1-e^{-\frac{z}{b}} \left(\frac{a}{a+c z}\right)^L\right)}{\sqrt{z}} \, dz$$ I get different ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I differentiate Numerically?

Mathematica has two ways to integrate: Integrate and NIntegrate. But what about D? ...
10
votes
2answers
695 views

Derivative from the left and right

I am currently trying to write a script that takes a curve $C$, a starting point $p$ and a direction vector $\vec{v}$ and calculates the path of a beam starting at $p$ in direction $\vec{v}$ when it ...
10
votes
4answers
359 views

Correct way to integrate a certain function

I want to integrate $$ \int_{0}^{2\pi} dt_1 \frac{a + b*\cos(t_1 - t_2)}{c + d*\cos(t_1 - t_2)} $$ where $a, b, c, d, t_2$ are real numbers and $c + d > 0$ & $0 \leq t_2 \leq 2\pi$. I used ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Equation of a line that is tangent to a curve at point

A common problem in the derivative section of calculus texts is "find the equation of the line that is tangent to the curve $y = \ldots$ at the point $P$." To find the line that is tangent to $y = 2 ...
10
votes
2answers
623 views

Why does Integrate declare a convergent integral divergent?

When I try this command Integrate[1/Sqrt[(s^2 - u)^2 - 1], {s, m, Infinity}, Assumptions -> u > 2 && m > 10] Mathematica declares that the ...
10
votes
1answer
467 views

Why does Mathematica return a Fourier transform for a function for which it is not defined?

The following function $$g(x) = (1 + x^{1/a} )^a $$ should NOT have a Fourier transform, as far as I am aware, for any real values of $a$ since $g(x)$ is not nice in the sense of decays quickly ...
10
votes
1answer
437 views

Is it possible to find a limit of a sequence given by its recurrence relation?

I need to calculate a limit of a sequence given by its recurrence relation. I tried the following: ...
10
votes
1answer
297 views

Why is this infinite series wrongly computed by Mathematica?

Could you let me know if Mathematica (newer versions) is able to correctly compute this one? Sum[(-1)^(n + 1) Cos[3^n x]^3/3^n, {n, 1, Infinity}]
10
votes
1answer
386 views

Symbolic Integration along contour: branch cut problem?

Context Following this question on path integrals in the complex plane, having defined again a numerical and symbolic integrator along a path as ...
10
votes
2answers
365 views

How to take derivative of parameterized coordinate?

Suppose I have a vector in $\mathbb{R}^n$ but $n$ is not known in advance. I want to be able to write functions which operate on the components of that vector, and then I'd like to be able to take ...
10
votes
2answers
235 views

Mathematica integration failure - new or old?

Bug introduced in 7.0.1 or earlier, persists through 10.1 Consider the following integral: Integrate[Log[a Cos[x]^2 + b Sin[x]^2], {x, 0, 2Pi}] This takes a ...
10
votes
3answers
368 views

Typeset unbalanced brackets

In LaTeX, you can typeset expressions containing unbalanced brackets, by balancing them with an invisible delimiter \left. or ...
9
votes
8answers
1k views

Finding maximum or minimum of implicit functions

is there any built in function that can be used to find maximum or minimum of implicit functions? For example, if we have the equation $$x^2 + y^2 = (2 x^2 + 2 y^2 - x)^2,$$ then we can visualize the ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Plot a 2D vector path onto a surface

In my calculus 3 course, we're studying gradients and have a project that takes a combination of 3D Gaussian radial surfaces and a basic parametric path $r(t) = \{x(t),y(t)\}$ to see how the gradient ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

how to simplify symbolic integration

The following is the code: ...
9
votes
3answers
376 views

Maximize violating constraints

I have Maximize[{(h*10)/(300*(100 - (l^.5 + d^.4 + H^.6))), (l + d + H + h) == 669, l > 0, d > 0, H > 0, h > 0}, {h, l, d, H}] I believe ...
9
votes
2answers
723 views

Find closed form expression for series expansion coefficients [duplicate]

Is there a built-in function that will find a general expression for the coefficient of the series expansion of a function? Series will only give the explicit ...
9
votes
3answers
735 views

Inverting a function in a certain region

InverseFunction works well for globally invertible functions, like f = 2*# + 2 &; InverseFunction[f] ...
9
votes
2answers
641 views

Why aren't these additions of integrals and summations equal?

I have the following code: Simplify[Integrate[f[x] + g[x], x] == Integrate[f[x], x] + Integrate[g[x], x]] To test: $$\int{\left(f(x) + ...
9
votes
2answers
629 views

Problem with numerical evaluation of analytically solved integral, solution way off

The following command in Version 9.0.1: N[Integrate[x^50*Sin[x], {x, 0, 1}]] gives $1.4615\times 10^{48}$ which is way off from the correct solution which is ...
9
votes
2answers
363 views

Recursive Integral for Volume of $n$-Ball

The volume of an $n$-ball (the $(n+1)$-dimensional analogue of a disk) of radius $r$ can be found by the following integral recurrence: $$V_0(r)=2r$$ ...
9
votes
1answer
300 views

solve ODE with divergencies

The solutions of the second order differential equation $$\frac{1}{\eta}\frac{d}{d\eta}\left(\eta \frac{df}{d\eta}\right)+\left(1-\frac{s^2}{\eta^2}\right)f-f^3=0$$ is shown in Fig. 5.2 below, for ...
9
votes
1answer
284 views

Mathematica: computing a difficult integral

I am trying to compute the following integral: Integrate[Exp[Sum[-((cw λ - b[i])^2/(2 σ^2)), {i, 1, n}]], {cw, 0, 1}] And currently Mathematica outputs ...
9
votes
1answer
326 views

How to calculate this integral? Integrate[BesselJ[0, x - BesselJZero[0, 1]]/x, {x, -Infinity, Infinity}]

I tried to calculate the following integral, but it returned unevaluated. ...
9
votes
0answers
224 views

Is there a way to teach integrate new solutions?

I have an integral which I can solve, but integrate cannot: ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Using D to find a symbolic derivative

I need to do the following: Define a function Take the derivative of this function and have a look at the symoblic representation Substitute in some values With the bonus that I want to use the ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How to plot and find the volume of a solid?

How to plot and find the volume of the solid enclosed between the paraboloid z=5(x^2+y^2) and z=6-7x^2-y^2 And the answer of ...
8
votes
5answers
541 views

simplifying $\frac{\log x^a}{a} = \log x$

If one makes the assumptions $x>0,a>0$, then $\frac{1}{a}\log x^a = \log x$. Thus, in Mathematica, Simplify[1/a*Log[x^a], {a > 0, x > 0}] returns ...
8
votes
5answers
661 views
8
votes
3answers
4k views

How to find the nth derivative?

This question is not the same as my last one. How do you find the $n$-th derivative where $n$ is a variable? For example, you can find the nth derivative for a specific $n = 3$ ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I find line integrals?

For example, how can I calculate $$\int_{\left | z \right |=1}\frac{dz}{z}$$ I know that the answer is $2\pi i$ but how do I do it using Mathematica?
8
votes
3answers
571 views

How can I calculate the perimeter of an equation-defined curve?

This is how the curve looks like: ...
8
votes
2answers
309 views

About an infinite product

I have a curiosity as regards the infinite product below. I wonder why Mathematica v.8.0. says the limit is $1$. This is not true. ...
8
votes
4answers
325 views

Mathematica complaints that convergent integral diverges

Bug introduced in 10.0.0. Fixed in 10.0.2 Trying to do the integral ...
8
votes
2answers
743 views

Is Mathematica really getting this limit wrong?

I'm trying to calculate: $$ \lim_{\beta \to \infty} \tanh \left( \beta A \right) = \mathrm{sgn} \left( A \right) $$ for $A \in \mathbb{R}$, $\mathrm{sgn} \left( \# \right)$ being the sign function. ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

How do I obtain the correct double limit?

The command Limit[(Sin[x^2] + Sin[y^2])/ (x - y) /. x -> 0, y -> 0] (* 0 *) I think that Mathematica finds the iterated limit instead of the double ...
8
votes
3answers
287 views

Definite integral incorrectly giving a nonreal value

fixed in 10.1 (windows) In Mathematica 10.0, when I enter N[Integrate[Sqrt[1+x^3],{x,-1,3}]] , I get a nonreal value. (I.e., the imaginary part is nonzero.) ...
8
votes
2answers
561 views

Double integral over a parallelogram

Problem: Evaluate the following double integral $$\int \!\!\! \int_D (14 x^2+61 xy+42 y^2)^{3} \, dxdy$$ where $D$ is a parallelogram between these four lines: $2x+7y=6$, $2x+7 y=-6$, $7x+6 y=6$ and ...
8
votes
1answer
625 views

Integral of the Sinc product

Let as consider the following integral $$ B_n = \int_0^\infty \prod_{k=1,3,5,\dots}^n\frac{\sin (x/k)}{x/k}dx $$ By definition, Sinc[x]=Sin[x]/x therefore ...