Questions about the function Assuming[], the $Assumptions system variable, and the Assumptions option of functions such as Simplify[] and Integrate[].

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2
votes
4answers
191 views

Cancelling units in two-argument ArcTan

Consider ArcTan[3, -3] (* out: *) -Pi/4 ArcTan[3 a Sin[t/2], -3 a Sin[t/2]] (* out: *) ArcTan[3 a Sin[t/2], -3 a Sin[t/2]] However, we can fix the ...
0
votes
1answer
238 views

Impose an specific Trigonometric expansion with TrigExpand

Is there a way to impose in mathematica an specific trigonometric expansion with TrigExpand? I have various double-angle expressions for cosine and sine in my ...
2
votes
2answers
343 views

Why doesn't Abs simplify further?

Why does this: Simplify[Abs[x + I], Element[x, Reals]] give me Abs[x + i] Is there a way to force Mathematica to give me ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

Simplifying complex expressions

I'm trying to work with complexes and I want Mathematica to know that all variables are real unless I explicitly assigned the variable with an I so I wrote: ...
26
votes
1answer
465 views

Are greek symbols causing different evaluation?

I've updated today to Mathematica 9.0.1.0 from version 8 and found something that absolutely confuses me. Let us define a piecewise function: ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

Inconsistent results for equivalent converging symbolic integrals

I have looked at previous questions and I'm aware that this seems to be a known bug: Mathematica giving inconsistent results for symbolic integrals done in different ways. The origins for the bugs ...
8
votes
0answers
95 views

When and why are Assuming and Assumptions not equivalent? [duplicate]

In this question there's an example of an integral where using Assuming and Assumptions give different results: ...
3
votes
1answer
401 views

Problem with limit that requires L'Hôpital's rule to compute

Consider the following limit. Limit[(a - Sqrt[a^2 + x])/(a^2 - a*Sqrt[a^2 - x]), x -> 0, Assumptions -> {a > 0}] Mathematica 9.0.1.0 gives ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

One more question about Assumptions and Integrate

There are many questions about assumptions here. Many of them are problem specific. That is why I want to ask a question in the most general way. Why does Mathematica solves this ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How can we tell Series to treat the expansion parameter as an integer?

It is simple for Mathematica to find an asymptotic expansion for $\frac{1}{-1+p}$ as $p \rightarrow \infty$. However, if we want to restrict $p$ to be an integer and also include some terms that ...
0
votes
1answer
235 views

Re[x] vs. x ∈ Reals in the context of Assuming

Let's say that $x$ is some real valued number $>0$. Are the following commands interchangeable in the context of using Assuming? ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

How does TensorReduce use assumptions?

I would like to use TensorReduce by assuming that certain patterns of functions are tensors. From documentation of TensorReduce: ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

Simplification with assumptions

I'm trying to make Mathematica do some simplifications for me. I have the expression ((1 + s[1]) (-1 + s[2]) )/(-1 + s[1] s[2]) and want to simplify this with ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Simplifying using assumptions

Is there a way to simplify the following equation (-p(a-x)((a-b)P(b-x)+Q(b+x)(a-b+2x))+q(a+x)(-(a-b)Q(b+x)+P(b-x)(-a +b+2x)))/((b-x)(-a + x)(a+x)(b+x)) assuming ...
3
votes
2answers
280 views

RSolve with assumptions

I want to solve the following non-linear first order difference equation: $$ k_{t+1} = (1-a) k_t^{a} $$ with $0 < a < 1$, and $k_0 = \text{const.}$ . Of course, the solution is easily found, ...
11
votes
0answers
298 views

Simplify and Sqrt, inconsistent behavior?

I have encountered some problems when using Simplify with expressions containing a square root and isolated a following test case ...
10
votes
3answers
453 views

Reduce can't reduce an equation without appropriate assumptions

When there are three unknowns (x, y, z), Mathematica can solve it: ...
2
votes
2answers
157 views

FullSimplify used with Assuming giving unexpected results

Can someone shed some light on why Assuming[{x ∈ Reals}, x (Sign[x]^2 - 1)] // FullSimplify returns x (-1 + Sign[x]^2) ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Assumptions within Simplify

I am using the ratio between two error probabilities in various functions. I want Mathematica to display this ratio in the most simple manner. How do I let Mathematica know that, in this case, the ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Assumptions in mathematica when Symplify on Log[Exp[a/b]]

In mathematica 9.0: This: Assuming[b > 0 || b < 0, Simplify[Log[Exp[a/b]]]] yields: a/b However, this: ...
10
votes
1answer
335 views

Limit of sequence of functions behaving strange

I'm trying to determine the limit of the sequence of functions $$f_n(x)=\left(\frac{1}{\pi}\arctan(n x) + 1/2\right)^n. $$ I define ...
5
votes
1answer
390 views

Use Pattern with Vectors in Assumptions

I had a problem using Pattern with Vectors in Assumptions. Here's how I use ...
5
votes
3answers
242 views

Assumptions for RotationMatrix

I'm making C++ program, and in my program I need a rotation matrix around any vector. I wanted to extract RotationMatrix[fi,{x,y,z}] output and put it in my ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

Assumptions about list elements

I am trying to simplify some expressions using assumptions and got an inconsistent behavior of Mathematica 9 when working with indexed variables. Consider ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

Can't simplify Abs[a*Cos[x]]^2

Why doesn't FullSimplify[ Abs[a*Cos[x]]^2, Assumptions -> {{a, x} ∈ Reals}] simplify to (a*Cos[x])^2 but this query ...
0
votes
2answers
110 views

How to add a condition to a formula so that it will not appear at the result? [duplicate]

Sometimes I have very long and complicated equations, when I evaulate the equations for example taking derivative or integral there will be several conditions with the answer. My question is that; is ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

How to select TransformationFunctions based on Assumptions made when using Simplify?

I am re-writing the question using a very simple example so not to confuse matters with the another question being asked where I used the example from there. In general, how to add logic to switch ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Use of $Assumptions [duplicate]

I don't really understand the behaviour and the usage of $Assumption. For instance, when I set $Assumptions = λ > 0, I expect ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Simplifying expressions with square roots

I would like Mathematica to simplify this expression: $4 \left(16 \sqrt{\left(-1+2 c^2\right)^2}-32 c^2 \sqrt{\left(-1+2 c^2\right)^2}+\sqrt{\left(1-8 c^2+8 c^4\right)^2}\right)^2$ ...
11
votes
1answer
198 views

Keeping Integrate from making unnecessary assumptions

I would like to evaluate the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \mathrm{d}x \, \exp\left(- a x^2 - x^4\right)$ for any real value of $a$. Mathematica 8.0.4 gives the following result: ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Double Integral and Assumptions

I'm afraid this is going to be a really stupid question. Evaluating the following definite integral Integrate[Sqrt[1 - (x^2 + y^2)], {x, -1, 1}, {y, -1, 1}] ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

How to tell Mathematica to make assumptions? [duplicate]

Say I want to integrate 1/(x^2+a^2) and I want Mathematica to know that $a>0$. What would be the command? Something like: ...
2
votes
0answers
692 views

I can't solve this set of equations

I am having trouble solving a set of equations using Mathematica 8. I do not get any errors, but I don't get any solutions either. My parameters and variables are real and non-negative. ...
4
votes
2answers
151 views

Strange behavior of Integrate

I'm trying to calculate the following integral using Mathematica 9.0.1.0 a11=Integrate[Abs[Sin[b+x]],{x,0,2*\[Pi]}] This should be a simple problem; however, it ...
3
votes
0answers
144 views

Assuming monotonicity and concavity

I have an expression that I would like to evaluate: 2 phi''[1 + a (-1 + u[10])] phi'[q]^3 > phi''[q] phi'[q] phi'[1 + a (-1 + u[10])]^2 Is there any way of ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

How to take conjugate of a function?

Naïvely this is what happens and it obviously is not helpful! ...
0
votes
3answers
659 views

Assume function is real valued

I want to create a function returning subscripted symbols and I want these symbols to be assumed real. How do I do that? ...
11
votes
2answers
858 views

Why does Integrate declare a convergent integral divergent?

When I try this command Integrate[1/Sqrt[(s^2 - u)^2 - 1], {s, m, Infinity}, Assumptions -> u > 2 && m > 10] Mathematica declares that the ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Restricting a plotted expression to reals in a Manipuate

I have an expression from which I'm trying to create a plot that I can manipulate. The expression contains Abs, and I only want to have it evaluated for reals. What ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it possible to impose “Assumptions” in DSolve or equivalent? (differential equation solving)

When DSolve tries to solve differential equations, it is sometimes not smart enough to generate conditions according to different possible value of parameters. ...
0
votes
1answer
169 views

Simplifying Complex Numbers that contain physical units

I am trying to evaluate the following: Simplify[Meter Nano Re[(a + I b)/(Meter Nano)], Assumptions -> Element[{a, b}, Reals]] However, Mathematica returns: ...
1
vote
4answers
5k views

How can I use assumptions with FindRoot?

I have something like FindRoot[f[x], {x, a}] Now I want FindRoot to constrain the solutions to 0 < x < 1. How can I ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

Usage of Assuming for Integration

For some reason, when I enter the following integration in Mathematica Assuming[{k ∈ Integers}, Integrate[ Exp[ I k t], {t, -π, π}]] the result turns out to be ...
0
votes
2answers
525 views

Integrating hat functions

I am trying to integrate a hat function for a project that I am doing and have found a method to do so but I find it sloppy. Currently I have the basis function ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

Detecting operator Set in Assumptions

Here is a typical issue: Simplify[x + y, x = y] produces 2 True. Is there a way to detect operator ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

How to evaluate the sum over a hyperplane

I have difficulties in evaluating the following expression: $$\sum_{\small n_1+...+n_{k}=m-k}\; \prod_{i=1}^{k}\frac{1}{(n_i+1)(n_i+2)}$$ I have tried the function ...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Why does Assuming for Integrate not work as expected?

I'm trying to perform the following integral with Mathematica 7: ...
22
votes
4answers
940 views

An apparently “simple” limit?

Let $c$ and $h$ be real values. I was using Mathematica to compute the limit $(h \rightarrow \infty)$ of the following expression: $$ \frac{\left(h^2 +c^2 h^2 + \sqrt{4 h^2+\left(h^2+c^2 ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Assumptions are not being applied to integral

I am trying to use assumptions to simplify an integral, but I can't seem to get the assumptions to apply themselves. Here is the code I am using: Note the expressions in the assumption can be found ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

How to define a large number of assumptions?

Please consider the following simple and larger example: ...