The art of manipulating an algebraic expression into the desired form.

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1answer
103 views

How do I find the constant term of a multivariate polynomial, when (x^0)(y^0)?

So let's say f[x_,y_]:=(2x+2y+1)^2, when I type Coefficient[f[x,y],x y] I recieve 8. But what can I input to recieve 1, when (x^...
12
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9answers
2k views

Defining a function that completes the square given a quadratic polynomial expression

How can I write a function that would complete the square in a quadratic polynomial expression such that, for example, CompleteTheSquare[5 x^2 + 27 x - 5, x] ...
18
votes
1answer
354 views

Why is ReplaceAll behaving like this?

I'm learning to use the ReplaceAll function and I found the behavior of which is quite confusing. For Sqrt[f[x, y]] /. f[___] -> u Mathematica returns <...
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0answers
58 views

Abstract Vectors [duplicate]

Is there a way to deal with abstract vectors in the following sense: Say I have a function f[y]. Now I want to evaluate ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Algebraic Manipulations with Indices

I am absolutely new to Mathematica, but I've heard it is a pretty powerful tool for symbolic calculations. My problem (stated generally): I have three dimensional array. I define a symbolic operator ...
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3answers
65 views

Simplifying Terms in a Matrix

Given the following 3 matrices: M1=1/3*{{1,1,1},{1,α,α^2},{1,α^2,α]}} Z1={{Z+Zg,Zg,Zg},{Zg,Z+Zg,Zg},{Zg,Zg,Z+Zg}} M2={{1,1,1},{1,α^2,α},{1,α,α^2}} where alpha ...
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1answer
154 views

Working with quantum mechanics spins

I've written the following code for simple quantum mechanics operators on spin states: It seems to work, but the output could be better - how do I let Mathematics know that $0**\ 0==0$, and can I ...
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1answer
199 views

Is Mathematica intended to be used to do lengthy algebraic clculations? [closed]

The last two days I spent improving my Mathematica skills regarding rather simple algebraic calculations: discrete FT splitting sums combining sums changing summation indices replacing a sum with a ...
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6answers
8k views

Finding real roots of negative numbers (for example, $\sqrt[3]{-8}$)

Say I want to quickly calculate $\sqrt[3]{-8}$, to which the most obvious solution is $-2$. When I input $\sqrt[3]{-8}$ or Power[-8, 3^-1], Mathematica gives the ...
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1answer
218 views

Forcing solutions to avoid Root[]

I'm solving a system of ordinary non-homogeneous differential equations (4 equations). The solutions will include some algebraic equations solutions as known from text books due to the use of an eigen ...
8
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0answers
78 views

Finding simplifying substitutions for an integral involving limits and integrand

[The following is based on a William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition problem.] Consider the definite integral: $I = \int\limits_2^4 \frac{\sqrt{\log (9-x)}}{\sqrt{\log (9-x)}+\sqrt{\log (x+3)}...
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8answers
1k views

How do I get my equation to have the form $(x-a)^2 + (y-b)^2 + (z-c)^2-d = 0$?

I want Mathematica to express the equation $$-11 - 2 x + x^2 - 4 y + y^2 - 6 z + z^2=0$$ in the form $$(x - 1)^2 + (y - 2)^2 + (z - 3)^2 - 25=0$$ How do I tell Mathematica to do that?
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3answers
3k views

How can I rationalize the denominator of an expression?

Mathematica doesn't rationalize the denominator automatically, and I haven't found anything in the documentation about it. But I found an old post on MathGroup, which proposes a solution using ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

Rearrange an algebraic expression so that each variable appears only once

Mathematica gave me a solution to an equation in this form: ans1 = (b c)/(a - a c + b c) $\text{ans1} = \frac{b c}{a - a c + b c}$ From solving the same equation ...
10
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3answers
988 views

Square both sides of an equation?

Can I define an equation (for example, x+1 == y^2 + 2), and tell Mathematica to square both sides? If not, what is an equivalent way to achieve this?
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1answer
119 views

Solving equations using algebra [duplicate]

Has anyone ever solved an equation for students using algebraic steps? For example, you start with the equation. 2x+3 = 5 Then you show subtracting 3 from both ...
1
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0answers
562 views

Solving Symbolically Equations with Vectors and Matrices [closed]

I want to solve equations with vector variables and vector/matrix parameters symbolically. As a basic example I would like to be able to solve something like $[I-aG]x=b$ where $a,b \in \mathbb{R}^l$ ...
10
votes
2answers
574 views

InverseSeries of multiple variables and multiple equations

CONTEXT Let us consider a bit of the Universe in which we draw spheres (see a high resolution image here). Astronomers have shown that the density within these spheres could be predicted quite ...
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3answers
129 views

How to make $a1**a2** \cdots **an=0$ for a given $n$?

In order to optimize my computation and save memory, I'd like to modify NonCommutativeMultiply so that for a given $n$ one has $a1**a2** \cdots **an=0$ for any $a1, a2, \ldots, an$. To make it ...
22
votes
1answer
588 views

Transform Root objects into Trigonometric expressions

Consider the Root objects roots = Table[Root[-1 + 27 #1^2 - 162 #1^4 + 243 #1^6 &, i],{i,1,6}] These can be expressed in terms trigonometric functions as ...
4
votes
2answers
483 views

Force a negative square root to be interpreted as an I

I have expressions like $$\sqrt{-\sqrt{1+x^2}} $$ how can I force mathematica to systematically rewrite this as $$i(1+x^2)^{1/4} \quad ? $$
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1answer
77 views

Simplification of algebraic expression

I found an entry of a matrix from two different methods using mathematica. Which are given as; g/(Sqrt[2] Sqrt[1 + g^2 - Sqrt[1 + g^2]]) and ...
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2answers
173 views

Simplifying an expression given a known variable relation

I am wondering if there is a way to simplify an algebraic expression given a known variable equation using Mathematica. For instance, I wish to simplify an expression for the heat change in a process: ...
0
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2answers
122 views

Collect is not giving me the result I expect

When I evaluate Collect[(a ((G m ω)/c^3)^(1/2) + b ((G m ω)/c^3)^(1/2)), c] I get this: ...
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1answer
74 views

I need to move X to right side without solving or simplifying anything else

I need to manipulate this equation where x is on the left side of the equation. I will be using this in excel and all other numbers will actually be referencing cells so I need x moved to the right ...
12
votes
4answers
9k views

Factoring polynomials to factors involving complex coefficients

I've run into some problems using Factor on polynomials with complex coefficient factors. Reading the documentation it looks like it only factors over the ...
1
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1answer
137 views

Collect powers of variables and integers separately?

Let expr contain a sum of powers of x with some coefficients ci. The exponents of ...
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votes
1answer
392 views

How to find all roots of a complex number [duplicate]

Finding all roots, and I know there are four f them, of this (1 - i)^(1/4) Not only real, but imaginary as well
4
votes
5answers
256 views

Extracting Coefficients from a List of Sines

I want to extract the coefficients from the following list: list={16.2219 Sin[16.2219 t], 6.60924 Sin[6.60924 t], 13.927 Sin[ 13.927 t], 2.91309 Sin[2.91309 t]} ...
2
votes
1answer
347 views

Expressing a matrix in terms of four basis matrices

I have five matrices and I want to represent one in the basis of other four. So how do I find the value of coefficients? For example, if the matrices are I1, ...
1
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1answer
131 views

Mathematica spitting code back when using Resolve over a large range of interest

I've just started using Mathematica and have encountered my first issue. Below are two commands which only differ in the range of values I am asking Mathematica to check. The first works fine, but the ...
1
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0answers
94 views

Use of Mathematica to put equation into vector form

Is there a way to put the following equation of a line into vector form using Mathematica (or a Mathematical package)? $\displaystyle y=\frac{cos(s_n)-cos(s_{n+1})}{sin(s_{n+1})-sin(s_n)}(x-sin(s_n))-...
7
votes
1answer
270 views

Extract common subexpressions from expressions [duplicate]

I am trying to evaluate multiple independent expressions with common parts. I would like Mathematica to somehow give me this common parts. It's probably not so clear, so let me give you an example. ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Pulling powers to the outside of expressions (inverting PowerExpand)

Is there something like an inverse of PowerExpand that pulls powers to the outside of expressions: $$ x^2 y^2 \leadsto (x y)^2 \\ x^2/y^2 \leadsto (x/y)^2 $$ I ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

How to factorise a variable out of an indefinite sum?

(I should start by saying I'm a total beginner with Mathematica, so if the answer needs code I'll need it spelled out quite clearly, the learning curve for this is proving steep!) Basically what I am ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

How to pick out terms in a linear equation with a positive coefficient?

Basically I have a really large output which looks like a long linear equation $AAA-BAA-CAA+DAA+...-ZZZ$ And I only am concerned about those terms that have a positive coefficient (i.e. a plus in ...
1
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1answer
55 views

PiecewiseExpand doesn't take all kind of assumptions

Running PiecewiseExpand[expr, assum] does not work with all kind of assumptions. For example, the following line will not split the expression with absolute values in the chambers, considering m1=m2. ...
2
votes
3answers
388 views

How to obtain non-trivial solution of equal ratios

How can I obtain a non-trivial solution of the following: $$\frac{a}{b+c}=\frac{b}{c+a}=\frac{c}{a+b}$$ The answer is $a=b=c=1$.
8
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4answers
589 views

Distances between points in periodic cube

How can one implement more efficiently/elegantly/memory savvily the following function which returns a matrix of all Euclidian distances between points in 3D within a cube of width ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Factoring terms out of a polynomial

I don't do much algebra in Mathematica and was surprised to discover, while attempting to answer this question, that I had no idea how to factor out an expression from a polynomial. The question was, ...
2
votes
2answers
219 views

Choosing a branch of the square root when performing a series expansion

I have the following problem. Consider expression f=Sqrt[(x-2y)^2] There is an obvious ambiguity in the definition of f ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

If statement and elements of an imported data

I import a data file: SetDirectory["C:\\Users\\SE7EN\\Desktop\\mathematica\\test"]; dd = Import["data.dat", "Table"] Out[2] = {{1}, {2}, {3}, {4}, {5}, {6}, {7}} ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Generate expressions equivalent to rooted trees

I would like to know how to generate all rooted trees on $n$ vertices using Mathematica? More precisely, I am interested in generating algebraic expressions equivalent to rooted trees and constructed ...
1
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1answer
151 views

What is the inside? [closed]

What is the inside of the Mathematica command, solve, for a system of equations like the following? $$\eqalign{ (x +2\phantom{3} z)^2 + (y +\phantom{3} w)^2 &= 52\cr (x + 30z)^2 + (y + 3w)^2 &...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

How to distribute PermutationProduct over the sum

Assuming I have two elements of the permutation group algebra $a_1$, $a_2$ such that $a_i=\sum_{p\in S_n}\alpha_pp$, I want to define a linear product $\odot$ that distributes over the sum and pulls ...
0
votes
2answers
218 views

Expand expression into quotient of negative power series

I have a function T(z) and want to expand it to the following form: At the end I want to have a list of equations, which can calculate a0, a1, a2, b0, b1 and b2 with different values of h1, h2, ...
7
votes
1answer
492 views

Maple like collect command in Mathematica

In Maple I often simplify expressions for functions of same argument using the collect command: > collect(a*f(x)+f(y)+x*f(x), f, factor) (a+x)*f(x)+f(y) where ...