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I have two ArrayPlots, and I want to overlap them as it is done here.

For clarity, suppose

Array1 = RandomReal[{0, 1}, {3, 2}]; 
Array2 = RandomReal[{0, 1}, {3, 2}];

and the first ArrayPlot uses ColorFunction -> (Blend[{White,Yellow},#]&), and the second uses ColorFunction -> (Blend[{White,Blue},#]&).

I'd like to combine them in such a way I end up with an ArrayPlot with White, Yellow, Blue and Green shades.

Thanks for your attention.

share|improve this question
Won't the top plot completely block the bottom one? Do you mean set an opacity for top level see-through? - judging by your green color in question. – Vitaliy Kaurov Jun 26 '12 at 3:51
There is one big difference between the linked example of overlapping histograms and this question of overlapping array plots: The dimensions of Array1 and Array1 are identical, so there is never any partial overlap. For that reason, I can't see why you don't just create a third new array (e.g. the sum) from the two given ones and plot that with the desired color scheme. It would be a much cleaner solution, I think. – Jens Jun 26 '12 at 6:39
I'm not sure about this, as I must be able to see from which array are some points that can have roughly the same values, i.e. A1[[1,1]] = 0.5, A1[[1,2]] = 0, A2[[1,1]] = 0, A2[[1,2]] = 0.5, the sum would be the same, but I'd like the point (1,1) to be a shade of Yellow, while the point (1,2) to be a shade of Blue. – Pragabhava Jun 26 '12 at 16:02
up vote 8 down vote accepted

How about this?

ImageMultiply @@
  ArrayPlot[RandomReal[{0, 1}, {5, 5}], ColorFunction -> (Blend[{White, color}, #] &)],
  {color, {Yellow, RGBColor[0, 0.6, 1]}}

Mathematica graphics

The same operation can be done on the Raster data to preserve full scalability:

gr =
    ArrayPlot[RandomReal[{0, 1}, {5, 5}], ColorFunction -> (Blend[{White, color}, #] &)],
    {color, {Yellow, RGBColor[0, 0.6, 1]}}

  Raster[gr[[1, 1, 1]]*gr[[2, 1, 1]]],

Mathematica graphics

share|improve this answer
I like this a lot, as it preserves the intensity of the colors. Thanks a lot Mr.Wizard – Pragabhava Jun 26 '12 at 16:34
@Manuel you're welcome; I like it for the same reason. – Mr.Wizard Jun 27 '12 at 2:10

Is it something like this?

p1 = ArrayPlot[RandomReal[{0, 1}, {3, 2}],ColorFunction -> (Blend[{White, Yellow}, #] &)];
p2 = ArrayPlot[RandomReal[{0, 1}, {3, 2}],ColorFunction -> (Blend[{White, Blue}, #] &)];
Overlay[{p1, SetAlphaChannel[p2, .5]}]

enter image description here

share|improve this answer
No Overlay nor SetAlphaChannel function are on my version of Mathematica (v7.0.1/Linux x64). I suppose working with ImageCompose (wich I found thanks to your answer), would somehow be the same. – Pragabhava Jun 26 '12 at 16:27
@Manuel I am also on version 7. You could use something like this to get a result similar to Overlay: Show[p1, Graphics[{Opacity[0.5], p2[[1]]}]] – Mr.Wizard Jun 27 '12 at 2:08
@Mr.Wizard Tanks again. This tip will be helpful in other situtions. – Pragabhava Jun 27 '12 at 17:08

You can use ColorFunction with a fourth argument in RGBColor. This argument sets the transparency of the color. For example, this blends a transparent Red (ie white) into full on Red:

transRed = (Blend[{RGBColor[1, 0, 0, 0], RGBColor[1, 0, 0, 1]}, #] &);


transGreen = (Blend[{RGBColor[0, 1, 0, 0], RGBColor[0, 1 , 0, 1]}, #] &);

Then, you can use these as the ColorFunction in an ArrayPlot (or DensityPlot, etc). For example:

redplot = ArrayPlot[RandomReal[{0, 1}, {20, 20}], ColorFunction -> transRed]
greenplot = ArrayPlot[RandomReal[{0, 1}, {20, 20}], ColorFunction -> transGreen]

Mathematica graphics Mathematica graphics

If you want to overlay them, you can do it with Show:


Mathematica graphics

share|improve this answer
Why not show this with yellow and blue as the OP requested? Nevertheless +1. – Mr.Wizard Oct 4 '12 at 18:47
@Mr.Wizard Answered on now-closed other question:… and am too busy to re-write ATM. – Eli Lansey Oct 4 '12 at 20:39
This is a great solution also. Thanks! – Pragabhava Oct 5 '12 at 18:31

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