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I got Mathematica code from my friend:

n = 100
l = 0
gw = GaussianQuadratureWeights[n, 0, 2]
(*the result of gw maybe like this {{0.000286273, 0.000734634}, {0.00150805, 0.00170939}, {0.00370487, 0.00268393},...}}*)
J = Array[SphericalBesselJ[l, gw[[#, 1]]] &, n]

The first, I'm not sure with syntax because i'm not a Mathematica user.

But in my understand this code just try to create Spherical Bessel array by using 2 parameters such as

l just a constant. its value is 1 

qw this is two dimensional array 

On Mathematica code up there for gw[[#, 1]] i think they just tried to call {{0.000286273, 0.00150805, 0.00370487, ...}} and put them one by one to second parameters of SphericalBesselJ . And finally, we will get a one dimensional J array

If write it as pseudo code from my understanding it might be like this:

l = 1
n = 100
gw = gaussiannode(100) //generate 100 gaussian nodes
for (i==1, i<=n, i++):
    J[i] = SphericalBesselJ(l, gw[1][i])

My question is "Is it the Mathematica code up there equivalent to my pseudo code?"

My point is just want to know Array can work as Loop or not? if not please correct Mathematica code up there to the right way by using loop.

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closed as off-topic by Yves Klett, m_goldberg, Szabolcs, RunnyKine, Oleksandr R. Jun 25 '14 at 16:29

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J=SphericalBesselJ[l, gw[[;; NN, 1]]]... Also, try not to use uppercase letters/initials for symbols, you might clash with built-ins. –  ciao Jun 25 '14 at 10:08
Thank you @rasher. but i know nothing about mathematica you can skip all syntax but focus on the procedure. I just try to check my friend code that he was used Array as Loop. –  terces907 Jun 25 '14 at 10:14
Welcome! This question is very localized and will not be useful for future visitors in its current form. I hope you get advice in any case, but otherwise I am voting to close. PS: reference.wolfram.com/wolfram-language/ref/Array.html –  Yves Klett Jun 25 '14 at 10:17
Your pseudocode seems to do the same as your friend's code (this depends on how your pseudocode addresses cells in a two dimensional table; if your 1 indicates a column it's ok). Rasher's comment contains a more succinct way of doing the same. –  Sjoerd C. de Vries Jun 25 '14 at 10:43
This question appears to be off-topic because it is too localized; i.e, it applies only to the local situation and needs of its poster and answers will not benefit others. –  m_goldberg Jun 25 '14 at 12:28

2 Answers 2

The answer is simple enough: yes, Array can function as a "loop" operator (as can many other Mathematica functions like Outer, Table, Do, Map, MapThread, etc). Consider the simplest situation (found in the help file for Array).

Array[f, 5]

{f[1], f[2], f[3], f[4], f[5]}

This creates an output that is the same as if you had created a loop and indexed through 5 entries.

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n = 100;
m = 0;
(* used m rather than letter l to avoid confusion with number 1 *)

gw = GaussianQuadratureWeights[n, 0, 2];

j = Array[SphericalBesselJ[m, gw[[#, 1]]] &, n];

(* avoid using capital letters for first or only letter in name for \
user-defined variable/fuunction to avoid potential naming conflicts with \
built-in Mathematica names *)

Some alternate ways of generating j

j == SphericalBesselJ[m, gw[[All, 1]]]


(* This works since SphericalBesselJ is Listable *)


{Listable, NumericFunction, Protected, ReadProtected}

j == (SphericalBesselJ[m, gw[[#, 1]]] & /@ Range[n])


j == Table[SphericalBesselJ[m, gw[[k, 1]]], {k, n}]


For[i = 1; a = {} (*initialize as an empty list *),
 i <= n, i++,
 AppendTo[a, SphericalBesselJ[m, gw[[i, 1]]]]]; j == a


(* Note that j[[i]] is used refer to refer to a part of a list rather than \
j[i] which would be a function call *)
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