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Here is another problem with Mathematica plots and PDF. I have Mathematica 9.0.1 on Mac OS X. I want to export my plots to PDF to include them in a LaTeX document.

If I export the plot with the command Export["test.pdf",plot] I get inconsistent results. The PDF exported from OSX looks good in Preview, but the font is missing if I open it on Adobe Acrobat on Windows, and it is replaced by Adobe Serif MM. Here is pdffonts output:

name                                 type              emb sub uni object ID
------------------------------------ ----------------- --- --- --- ---------
Mathematica1                         Type 1            yes no  no       8  0
Times                                TrueType          no  no  no      11  0

Finally, if I open the file exported in OSX with Preview and save it again, it looks good on both platforms. Here is the pdffonts output of the new file:

name                                 type              emb sub uni object ID
------------------------------------ ----------------- --- --- --- ---------
AQZZRA+Mathematica1                  Type 1            yes yes yes     10  0
HPLGMT+Times-Roman                   TrueType          yes yes no       8  0

Is there a way I can get Mathematica to produce the same output as Preview? If not, is there a command line tool that can re-save the PDF file so that the fonts are embedded correctly?

share|improve this question
Make Mathematica use standard fonts: see here. –  Chris Degnen Apr 13 at 1:20
Or replace text by outlines, see here. –  Jens Apr 13 at 3:01
@ChrisDegnen I can't see any effect when changing the suggested option. Besides, the problem here is not with Mathematica custom font, but the basic font Times which is not embedded in the PDF. –  Pincopallino Apr 13 at 10:16
@Jens your workaround works great, but perhaps the best solution is to Export to EPS and then use eps2pdf (or the Latex package epstopdf). This way I found that the fonts are embedded correctly in the PDF files and hence in the final PDF –  Pincopallino Apr 13 at 10:30

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