# Plot 3D boolean Array or matrix in Mathematica

I have been attempting several methods to plot a 3D diagram of a n by n boolean array in Mathematica but none of them produced satisfactory result. I want the $3D$ plot to have a cube when M[i,j,k] == 1 and when M[i,j,k] == 0 just leaves as blank. Below is the best result I got.

L=10
M = RandomReal[{0, 1}, {L, L, L}];
For[k = 1, k <= L, k++,
For[j = 1, j <= L, j++,
For[i = 1, i <= L, i++,
If[M[[i, j, k]] < 0.5,
M[[i, j, k]] = 1,
M[[i, j, k]] = 0
]]]];
Image3D[M, ImageSize -> 500, Boxed -> True]


The Image3D function gives a very fluffy and opaque look on the cubes which I couldn't change!!

Is there someway I can change the opacity and color of the Image3D function in this case? Or is there a better way to plot this matrix?

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L = 10;


First of all you could get Booolian array simply as (thx. to @Kuba)

RandomInteger[1,{L,L,L}]


But if you are interested in thresholding:

M = RandomReal[{0, 1}, {L, L, L}];


First of all do not binarize procedurally, use functional style, say:

bM = M /. x_ -> UnitStep[x - .5];


or image processing:

bM = ImageData[Binarize[Image3D[bM], .5]];


Then if you don't like Image3D - which I think is totally fine, use Graphics3D:

Table[Graphics3D[{Hue[RandomReal[]], {Opacity[k], Cuboid[#]} & /@
Position[bM, 1]}], {k, .01, 1, .19}]


Manipulate[
Graphics3D[Sphere[#, r] & /@ Position[bM, 1],
ViewVertical -> {-1, 0, 0}, Boxed -> False, Lighting -> "Neutral",
Background -> Black, SphericalRegion -> True]
, {r, .03, 1}]


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@RahulNarain yes thank you – Vitaliy Kaurov Apr 9 '14 at 6:10
@Kuba sure I added it. I was just thinking he is interested in thresholding. – Vitaliy Kaurov Apr 9 '14 at 6:12
You are probably right :) – Kuba Apr 9 '14 at 6:13
Very useful stuff!! Thanks a lot guys! – user3513537 Apr 12 '14 at 5:33