# Using Array Elements as Function Arguments

Suppose I have an array

p = {a,b,c,d}


and a function f that takes a variable number of arguments. I want to evaluate

f[a,b,c,d]


It won't do to type

f[p]


because this returns the array {f[a],f[b],f[c],f[d]} which is not at all the right thing.

How do I get f to accept the elements of p (as opposed to p itself) as arguments?

Edited to add: Per a request in comments, here is a concrete example. Suppose p={2,3,4}. I would like an expression that returns Multinomial[2,3,4], which is to say 1260. It doesn't work to type Multinomial[p], because this gives {Multinomial[2],Multinomial[3],Multinomial[4]}={1,1,1}, which is not at all the same as 1260.

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Try evaluating p = {p[1], p[2]}, you won't be able to because it will start an endless recursion that will be capped by the recursion limit. – C. E. Mar 7 '14 at 1:05
Please provide a more concrete example, including the definition of the function 'f'. It is unclear at this point what you're looking for. – ciao Mar 7 '14 at 1:05
Pickett: Sorry; I chose a bad name for the array. I'm editing to fix this. The problem remains. – WillO Mar 7 '14 at 1:06
@rasher: How about taking f=Multinomial ? – WillO Mar 7 '14 at 1:07
@WillO: Please, edit your question to include the function, and what it does vs what you expect (or need). Using f=Multinomial against your updated p definition returns precisely what's expected... – ciao Mar 7 '14 at 1:11

This is really easy if you understand the internal form of {a,b,c,d}. Let's look at it:

p={a,b,c,d};
FullForm[p]
(* List[a,b,c,d] *)


as you see what you want is not really far away because basically, you only need to replace List with f. This is exactly what Apply (or as operator @@) does:

f @@ p
(* f[a, b, c, d] *)

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This is crystal clear. All I asked for was a solution, but you gave me both a solution and an understanding, so thank you doubly. – WillO Mar 7 '14 at 1:21
@ halirutan Isn't is nice when someone ask a question about something that Mathematica was beautifully designed to do. – George Wolfe Mar 7 '14 at 2:17
@GeorgeWolfe Indeed and it is even nicer for the user, because it lets him understand some of the mystifying operators like @@ or @@@ very naturally. – halirutan Mar 7 '14 at 2:22

You question is not very clear.

a = {p[1], p[2], p[3]}

f[x__] := 2 x

f[a]


(* or *)

f /@ a


(* or *)

Thread[f[a]]


yields, e.g. {2 p[1], 2 p[2], 2 p[3]}

Note also I used a for the vector, else recursion...

If you just want to transmute the vector into an argument list:

f[Sequence @@ p]

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I am sorry the question wasn't clear. I don't think your answer helps with the intended question. What I want to get is f[p[1],p[2],p[3]], not {f[p[1],f[p[2]],f[p[3]}. (I've changed the p[1] etc to a,b,c in the question statement.) – WillO Mar 7 '14 at 1:10
@WillO: see latter part of answer – ciao Mar 7 '14 at 1:13
That works! Thank you. – WillO Mar 7 '14 at 1:17
@WillO: Good, note you can also use Apply (or f@@ as shorthand) to do similar, if it fits with your definitions. – ciao Mar 7 '14 at 1:19
Thank you again, rasher. – WillO Mar 7 '14 at 1:23