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I am developping a 3D reconstruction application. I recuperate the voxels coordinates (the coordinate of each voxel) of the object that I need to reconstruct. Each voxel have a dimensions like this 5cm*5cm*5cm. I need to reconstruct this volume. I try to use Image3D function by put just a 3d binary table representing the voxels that belongs to volume but I could not change the size of each voxel. Any help please?

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The size of every voxel in a grid is always the same, by definition. –  ssch Dec 16 '13 at 21:53
@ssch, yes of course, In my case, the dimension of each pixel is 5cm*5cm*5cm. What is wrong? –  phdstudent Dec 16 '13 at 22:05
Add a link to your data @phdstudent. That will automagically make your question more appealing :) –  Zet Dec 16 '13 at 22:45
@Zet, I need any example to construct voxel. –  phdstudent Dec 16 '13 at 23:06
The absolute size of your voxels only matters if you are combining with other graphics. What problem are you having specifically? –  george2079 Dec 18 '13 at 0:27
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3 Answers

up vote 2 down vote accepted

Another way to get pseudo-voxels using Cuboid (mainly for versions <9):

{dx, dy, dz} = {5, 5, 5};

 Table[{EdgeForm[], Opacity[.1], Hue[Sqrt[x^2 + y^2 + z^2]/25], 
   Cuboid[{x, y, z} - {dx, dy, dz}/2, {x, y, z} + {dx, dy, dz}/
      2]}, {x, -25, 25, dx}, {y, -25, 25, dy}, {z, -25, 25, dz}]]

Mathematica graphics

or using other increments:

Mathematica graphics

... and just to give an impression of the visual differences between Raster3D (left) and Cuboid (right):

Graphics3D[{Opacity[.5], Raster3D[{{{{1, 0, 0}}}}], EdgeForm[None], 
Red, Cuboid[{2, 0, 0}]}, Lighting -> "Neutral", Boxed -> False]

Mathematica graphics

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+1 for prettiness :) –  Öskå Dec 17 '13 at 15:45
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Using Raster3D :

Graphics3D[{Opacity[.5],Raster3D[RandomReal[1,{5,5,5,3}]]}, Axes-> True]

unit voxel

This will generate unit voxels, while the following creates 5x5x5 unit voxels:

Graphics3D[{Opacity[.5],Raster3D[RandomReal[1,{5,5,5,3}],{{0,0,0},{25,25,25}}]}, Axes-> True]

5x5x5 voxels

Perhaps this will clarify the sizes:


enter image description here

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What is the relation between my question and your solution? –  phdstudent Dec 17 '13 at 17:02
@phdstudent you were asking 5x5x5 voxels, right? –  Yves Klett Dec 17 '13 at 21:57
@YvesKlett What is the information illustrated by RandomReal[1,{5,5,5,3}] ? Is this matrix contains the center or the opposite corner of each voxel or… what? –  phdstudent Dec 17 '13 at 22:54
@phdstudent please look up the documentation for Raster3D, esp. under Scope->Specification. –  Yves Klett Dec 18 '13 at 7:57
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Here is the code for Plotting voxel grid:

   PlottingVoxel[{VoxCenter_, VoxH_, VoxL_, VoxP_}] := 
   Module[{Ip, CoordVox}, (
  Ip = VoxCenter - N[{VoxH/2, VoxL/2, VoxP/2}];
  CoordVox = {{Ip, Ip + {VoxH, 0, 0}, Ip + {VoxH, VoxP, 0}, 
  Ip + {0, VoxP, 0}},
  {Ip, Ip + {VoxH, 0, 0}, Ip + {VoxH, 0, VoxL}, 
  Ip + {0, 0, VoxL}},
  {Ip + {0, 0, VoxL}, Ip + {VoxH, 0, VoxL}, 
  Ip + {VoxH, VoxL, VoxL}, Ip + {0, VoxP, VoxL}},
  {Ip + {0, 0, VoxL}, Ip + {0, VoxP, VoxL}, Ip + {0, VoxP, 0}, 
   {Ip + {0, VoxP, 0}, Ip + {VoxH, VoxP, 0}, 
  Ip + {VoxH, VoxP, VoxL}, Ip + {0, VoxP, VoxL}},
  {Ip + {VoxH, 0, 0}, Ip + {VoxH, VoxP, 0}, 
  Ip + {VoxH, VoxP, VoxL}, Ip + {VoxH, 0, VoxL}}};


  VoxCenter=center of voxel.
  VoxH,VoxL,VoxP is the dimension of the voxel.


 Graphics3D[{FaceForm[Green], EdgeForm[Thick], Opacity[0.3], 
 PlottingVoxel[{#, 1, 1, 1}] & /@ 
 Flatten[Table[{x, y, z}, {x, 0, 5}, {y, 0, 5}, {z, 0, 5}], 2], 
 FaceForm[Blue], Opacity[.4]}]

Result: enter image description here

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Those are not really voxels, though. To similar effect, you could use Cuboid (e.g. cribbed from the docs: Graphics3D[ Table[{EdgeForm[], Opacity[.1], Hue[RandomReal[]], Cuboid[RandomReal[4, 3]]}, {40}]] ) –  Yves Klett Dec 17 '13 at 8:11
@YvesKlett, Why did you say that my solution is not a real voxels? I do not understand the difference? I used the polygon to make a cuboid and you used the cuboid directly. –  phdstudent Dec 17 '13 at 15:19
Another things, I try your solution and it get the same excution time that my own!Please do you can try the code for a grid with dimensions 300,300,300 and the diemension of each voxels is 5*5*5? –  phdstudent Dec 17 '13 at 15:27
From a rendering point, a cuboid set of polygon faces is not the same as a voxel (think ray-tracing). –  Yves Klett Dec 17 '13 at 15:27
Ok! may be you are right! I have not a deep idea about ray tracing. But, How can I fix the computation problem? –  phdstudent Dec 17 '13 at 15:30
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