# A one-liner to place some number of Graphics3D polytopes on a plane and to randomly assign colorations

I'm looking for a nice one- or two-liner to randomly place some number, $N$, of Graphics3D polytopes on a plane with dimensions $X \times Y$, and to specify that $k \leq N$ of them should be one color (e.g. Red) and the remaining $N-k$ another color (e.g. Blue). If possible, I would also like the option to randomly reassign colors an arbitrary number of times (perhaps by clicking a mouse) without changing the coordinates of the polytopes. Is this possible?

We can get started by placing a single red colored Dodecahedron at the coordinate $(0,0,0)$ with the following line of code:

Graphics3D[{Red, Scale[Translate[PolyhedronData["Dodecahedron", "Faces"], {0, 0, 0}], 3]},
Boxed -> False, Background -> Gray]


Perhaps we would want to use Map here?

-

a bit long for a comment, but maybe this will get you started:

Graphics3D[
Array[{If[# < 5, Red, Blue],
Scale[Translate[
PolyhedronData[RandomChoice[PolyhedronData[]], "Faces"],
{RandomInteger[{-25, 25}], RandomInteger[{-25, 25}], 0}], 3]} &,
RandomInteger[{5, 10}]], Boxed -> True,
PlotRange -> {{-30, 30}, {-30, 30}, All}]


I will leave it to you to scale the numbers to your liking.

(and I couldn't find a nice solution for the mouse-clicking question)

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This is fairly compact:

Module[{n = 20, k = 5, pd, polys, col},
pd = N @ PolyhedronData["Dodecahedron", "Faces"];
polys = Translate[pd, {##, 0}] & @@@ RandomReal[{-20, 20}, {n, 2}];
col = Table[Red, {k}] ~Join~ Table[Blue, {n - k}];
EventHandler[Graphics3D @ Dynamic @ Riffle[col, polys],
{"MouseClicked" :> (col = RandomSample @ col)}]]


-
This is a very elegant solution. – CRJ Oct 20 '13 at 12:09

Far from a one-liner, I'm afraid:

number = 20;
positions =
Table[{RandomReal[{-20, 20}], RandomReal[{-20, 20}], 0}, {number}];
colorfunction[n_, k_] := If[n >= k, Red, Blue];
Manipulate[
Graphics3D[
Table[{
colorfunction[c, k],
Scale[
Translate[PolyhedronData["Dodecahedron", "Faces"],
positions[[c]]], 3]
}, {c, 1, number}]],
{k, 1, number}]


Notice that they overlap! Luckily you didn't specify that they couldn't... :)

Random colors:

number = 20;
positions =
Table[{RandomReal[{-20, 20}], RandomReal[{-20, 20}], 0}, {number}];
colorfunction[n_, k_, col1_, col2_] := If[n >= k, col1, col2];
Manipulate[
Column[{
Button["random",
{colour1 = RGBColor [RandomReal[1, 3]],
colour2 = RGBColor [RandomReal[1, 3]]}],
Graphics3D[
Table[{
colorfunction[c, k, colour1, colour2],
Scale[
Translate[PolyhedronData["Dodecahedron", "Faces"],
positions[[c]]], 3]
}, {c, 1, number}],
ImageSize -> {400, 400},
PlotRange -> {{-30, 30}, {-30, 30}, All}]}],
{{k, number/ 2}, 1, number},
Initialization -> {colour1 = Red, colour2 = Blue}]


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Very nice answer! Just as a note, for the random colors I meant "randomly assign the red coloration, for example, to $k$ of the objects" and "randomly assign the blue coloration to $N-k$ of the objects". Does that make sense? – CRJ Oct 20 '13 at 10:01