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I have a three-element list which contains inverses of a function u, like so:

CEs = {(u^(-1))[0.448165 u[10]+0.551835 u[30]],(u^(-1))[0.296264 u[10]+0.703736 u[30]],30}

I would now like to obtain the ranking of the elements of this list under the assumption that u is strictly increasing but struggle even to understand the output of


, which gives

{2, 3, 1}

without Mathematica knowing anything about u. Could someone explain to me how this ranking comes about and how I might be able to teach Mathematica that u is strictly increasing and to order elements under this assumption? In the current case the ordering should be

{1, 2, 3}
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That explains the ordering Mathematica returns. Anyway I can teach it to sort assuming that u is strictly increasing? –  RoyalTS Jul 30 '13 at 10:50
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1 Answer

up vote 2 down vote accepted

If $ u $ is strictly increasing, then so is $ u^{-1}. $ You don't really care about their values so a representative of strictly increasing functions will preserve the ordering. $ y=x $ is such a function so I am replacing your u, u^(-1) with Identity and the ordering is the desired:

CEs = {(u^(-1))[0.448165 u[10] + 0.551835 u[30]], (u^(-1))[
   0.296264 u[10] + 0.703736 u[30]], 30};
CEs /. Thread[{u, u^(-1)} -> Identity] // Ordering
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