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The documentation says that when AspectRatio->Automatic is specified, Mathematica

determines the ratio of height to width from the actual coordinate values in the plot.

When doing this, Mathematica treats the units in the vertical and horizontal axes as having the same length on the screen.

This is reasonable when the units for both axes are the same (e.g., light-years), but not necessarily so when the units for the two axes are incommensurable (e.g. luminosity vs. seconds of arc), or when the extents in the two dimensions are vastly different (which, with AspectRatio->Automatic, would correspond to an effective aspect ratio close to 0 or infinity).

For such situations I would like a convenient way to set the aspect ratio equal to $r\times A$, where $r$ is a scaling factor of my choosing, and $A$ is the aspect ratio computed per the usual AspectRatio->Automatic rules.

Does Mathematica offer a way to do this?

In case the description above is not sufficiently clear, here's an example.

First I generate some synthetic data.

data = With[{n = 50},
    {RandomReal[{-35, -30}, n], RandomInteger[{-20100, -20000}, n]}\[Transpose],
    {RandomReal[{0, 5}, n], RandomInteger[{0, 80}, n]}\[Transpose]

In the horizontal direction, for both datasets the range extends over about 5 units, but in the vertical direction, the ranges extend over ca. 100 and 80 units, respectively. This would correspond to $A = 20$ and $A = 16$, respectively (see above for the definition of $A$). But let's suppose I want $r = 0.25$ (i.e. I want the vertical units to have only one-quarter of the screen length of the horizontal ones). If so, then the desired aspect ratios for the two datasets would be 5 and 4, respectively.

In any case, here are the plots that get produced with AspectRatio->Automatic, showing the unscaled aspect ratios ($A = 20$ and $A=16$) just mentioned1:

ListPlot[#, AspectRatio -> Automatic, Frame -> True, 
         FrameTicks -> {None, Automatic}] & /@ data

Mathematica graphics

For this example, of course, the calculation of the desired aspect ratio $r A$ was relatively straightforward, since I've concocted datasets having specific values of $A$. In general, however, I don't want to have to figure out $A$ for every plot.

BTW, in case anyone wonders, specifying $r$ as AspectRatio won't do it:

ListPlot[#, AspectRatio -> 0.25, Frame -> True,
         FrameTicks -> {None, Automatic}] & /@ data

Mathematica graphics

1 I show two plots in this example because the main motivation for wanting to control the relative sizes of axis units is to make different plots readily comparable, even when they are not plotted as part of, say, a grid. As it happens, I find the plots shown above unsatisfactory not only because they don't have the desired aspect ratios, but also because their relative sizes are not directly comparable (for this the two plots should have same width, and the one on the right should be 80% as tall as the one on the left). Of course, this second problem is a separate issue altogether, but I mention it here only FWIW, by way of additional background, and to increase the chance that any answer I get for the thread's question is not one that makes solving this second problem unnecessarily difficult.

share|improve this question
From {p1, p2} = ListPlot /@ data, you can get the PlotRanges from Options[p1, PlotRange], etc. Perhaps you can calculate the desired AspectRatios for each plot from that? (There is also the ImageSize option to control the displayed size of each plot.) –  Michael E2 Jul 22 '13 at 0:35
The relative size issue mentioned in your edit can be fixed by specifying ImagePadding to a fixed value. From there I'd probably wrap the ListPlot into a custom-function to calculate and inject aspect ratio. –  Jonie Jul 22 '13 at 0:44
This is basically related to the question about vertical scaling that you posted earlier. I provided a solution there. The same technique would work here - if I knew better what you wanted the graphic to look like. AspectRatio is just a red herring that does not solve the problem. It's an example of how users get tangled up in extraneous issues instead of just drawing what they want and concentrating on how best to present the data. –  David Park Jul 22 '13 at 14:37

2 Answers 2

Assuming that the original AspectRatio that you want can be obtained from ListPlot[data]:

    AspectRatio -> r (AspectRatio /. AbsoluteOptions[ListPlot[data]]),
     Frame -> True, FrameTicks -> {None, Automatic}] & /@ 
  data, {{r, 1}, 0.1, 10}]


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For what I know it's not possible to specify something like


You can try Manipulate to simplify the selection of the best scale factor for your graphics. Of course, this is just a workaround, and in some cases it could also be heavy due to the double call to the same ListPlot(s) you have to do in order to catch the Automatic AspectRatio (the first time) and then use it with your scaling factor. Perhaps, this is not the best solution.

 Grid[{{"Scaling Factor", 
    r}, {Row[{"AspectRatio \[Rule] ", r A[[1]]}], 
    Row[{"AspectRatio \[Rule] ", r A[[2]]}]}, 
    ListPlot[#1, AspectRatio -> r #2, 
      DataRange -> {{0, 5000}, {0, 8000}}, Frame -> True, 
      FrameTicks -> {None, Automatic}] &, {data, A}]}, 
  Alignment -> Left, Spacings -> {2, 2}],
 {{r, .25, "Scaling factor"}, 0.0001, 1},
 Initialization :> {
   data = 
    With[{n = 
       50}, {{RandomReal[{-35, -30}, n], 
        RandomInteger[{-20100, -20000}, 
         n]}\[Transpose], {RandomReal[{0, 5}, n], 
        RandomInteger[{0, 80}, n]}\[Transpose]}],
   A = AspectRatio /. 
      ListPlot[#, AspectRatio -> Automatic, Frame -> True, 
         FrameTicks -> {None, Automatic}] & /@ data, AspectRatio]}]

hope that helps, somehow.

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