Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mathematica Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of Mathematica. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Currently, I am using a Windows machine with Mathematica 8. I noticed a difference in a series expansion of the function EllipticE[] in comparison with a result given by Mathematica 9 on Linux (which I was using previously).

In Mathematica 8 on Windows the following input:

Series[EllipticE[I c, m], {c, Infinity, 0}] // PowerExpand // FullSimplify 

produces a warning:

General::ivar: I c is not a valid variable. >>

and the following output (slightly rearranged by me to better fit the browser):

$$-\frac{i\left(6m+\frac{(1+m)}{\sinh^2(c)}\right)}{6\sinh(c)m^{3/2}}-\text{EllipticE}[m]+\frac{m \text{EllipticE}[\frac{1}{m}] + (1-m)\text{EllipticK}[\frac{1}{m}] }{\sqrt{m}}-$$ $$\frac{(1+m \cosh(2 c))\sqrt{\text{Limit}\big[-m\sinh^2(c)~,~i c \to 0\big]}}{\sinh^2(c)2m}$$

Same output as a code:

-((I (6 m Csch[c] + (1 + m) Csch[c]^3))/(6 m^(3/2))) - 
 EllipticE[m] + 
 (m EllipticE[1/m] - (-1 + m) EllipticK[1/m])/Sqrt[m] - 
 (((1 + m Cosh[2 c]) Csch[c]^2 Sqrt[Limit[-m Sinh[c]^2, I c -> 0]])/(2 m))

Now, in Mathematica 9 on Linux there was no such warning, and no Limit term appeared. I am confused about how to treat this Limit term, since it might just be a sign of something going terribly wrong in the guts of Mathematica 8. Does anyone have an advice on how to proceed? Maybe some of you can evaluate the same series expansion in a different version of Mathematica so that we could compare results?


Evaluating instead:

Series[EllipticE[c, m], {c, I Infinity, 0}] // PowerExpand // FullSimplify 

worked as a charm without errors.

share|improve this question
No warnings in version 7 and 9, just in version 8. The output is the same as you have. –  b.gatessucks Mar 23 '13 at 15:55
From a strictly mathematical point of view, Limit[-m Sinh[c]^2, I c -> 0] should be zero... –  Federico Mar 23 '13 at 17:05
add comment

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.