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I can't decide what is a best color for the background for a Manipulate I am writing.

So, I thought since this is Manipulate, why not make this part configurable as well, so one can change the RGB color (using something like 3 sliders, one for each channel), so depending on the mood at that moment, one can choose different background color until they find one that they prefer.

But I am not sure how this can be done since BaseStyle is set when Manipulate itself is created. BaseStyle is an option and not a command.

Here is a small example of a Manipulate. I did not show the sliders for selecting the RGB color, since I do not know if it is even possible to modify the BaseStyle yet. This is just a toy Manipulate that just plots a sin function with greenish color for background of the Manipulate.

Manipulate[
 {},
 {m, 1, 10},

 Grid[{{Dynamic[
     Plot[Sin[x], {x, -m, m}, ImageSize -> 200, Frame -> True,ImagePadding -> 30]]}}
  ],

 Paneled -> False,
 ContentSize -> {0},
 Frame -> False,
 Alignment -> Center,
 AppearanceElements -> "ManipulateMenu",
 BaseStyle -> {Background -> RGBColor[.80, .80, .90]}
 ]

Mathematica graphics

The question is: How to modify the Background color dynamically using an input from the user (via sliders, not shown). Is it possible? I just like to know the syntax if possible, and I can do the rest.

http://reference.wolfram.com/mathematica/ref/BaseStyle.html

http://reference.wolfram.com/mathematica/ref/Background.html

I am using V9.

Please note that any solution can't use global variables. This is for a demo for WRI web site, and one of the rules is that no global variables are allowed (since they will interact with other copies of the Manipulate).

update

Using the official demonstration style sheet, when using ContentSize -> {0} and Paneled -> False, , Manipulate background is white by default. I thought that giving it little color might be nice. Here is an example

Manipulate[
 {},
 {m, 1, 10},

 Grid[{{Dynamic[
     Plot[Sin[x], {x, -m, m}, ImageSize -> 200, Frame -> True, 
      ImagePadding -> 30]]}}
  ],
 Paneled -> False,
 ContentSize -> {0},
 Alignment -> Center,
 AppearanceElements -> "ManipulateMenu"
 ]

Mathematica graphics

You might ask, well, this is because I set Paneled->False and this is true. But this was the only way to get rid of the small mark that remain there as result of doing ContentSize -> {0}. And there is no way to remove this mark. Here is an example

Manipulate[
 {},
 {m, 1, 10},

 Grid[{{Dynamic[
     Plot[Sin[x], {x, -m, m}, ImageSize -> 200, Frame -> True, 
      ImagePadding -> 30]]}}
  ],
 Paneled -> True,
 ContentSize -> {0},
 Alignment -> Center,
 AppearanceElements -> "ManipulateMenu"
 ]

Mathematica graphics

That little square there at the corner, is impossible to get rid off. Only way is to do Paneled->False. That marker is a big problem, and here is a related question I asked about it before.

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/8556234/how-to-not-show-the-scrollbars-when-contentsize-does-not-fit-the-content-in-mani

If I can figure a way to remove this tiny white spot, then I can leave Paneled->True. ps. I have to use ContentSize -> {0}. This is how I did the whole demo. Everything in the control area. No way to change this.

Looking now at the demo I have, this white spot is very small, may be no one will notice it. At least this way I do not have to change the 'official' background color. I will check on this and see. It is just annoying one can't get rid of it. Here is a screen shot, where I set Paneled->True again. I put small circle around it. If the demo editor says it is ok, then I am all set, do not need to change background color. Will ask.

Update 12/23/12

Ok, figured how remove last piece of code from the Manipulate expression and replaced it with None. So finally the white line marker is gone. Problem resolved. Using None was the trick that was needed thanks to Michael E2.

Here it is (it is 2 panels, and one can select full screen or not using a checkbox).

One of the hardest things, is getting the sizes of the different plots correct and to fill the whole space in the grid. I spend half the time trying different values (aspect ratio, image sizes, padding, margins, etc.. for many things until I find the right combination. There got to be better way to do this but if there is, I do not know what it is). But this one is now finally done.

enter image description here

thanks,

share|improve this question
    
To get rid of the white square, use None for the body instead of {} (line 2 of your code). You can then omit ContentSize->{0} and Paneled->True. Perhaps the same trick will work for the full demo. –  Michael E2 Dec 23 '12 at 7:17
    
It's a nicely packed, information-rich demo -- looks good. I suppose an alternative would be to put the grid on the right into the content/body of the Manipulate, controls and all. –  Michael E2 Dec 23 '12 at 19:01
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1 Answer 1

up vote 4 down vote accepted

Wrap the Background setting in Dynamic. The variables in the Background option seem to need to be global. Either like this:

background = 1;
Manipulate[{}, {m, 1, 10}, 
 Grid[{{Dynamic[background = m; 
     Plot[Sin[x], {x, -m, m}, ImageSize -> 200, Frame -> True, 
      ImagePadding -> 30]]}}], Paneled -> False, ContentSize -> {0}, 
 Frame -> False, Alignment -> Center, 
 AppearanceElements -> "ManipulateMenu", 
 BaseStyle -> {Background :> Dynamic@Hue[(background - 1)/9]}]

or perhaps like this:

Manipulate[{}, {m, 1, 
  10}, {{background, background = RGBColor[.80, .80, .90]}, 
  ColorSlider},
 Grid[{{Dynamic[
     Plot[Sin[x], {x, -m, m}, ImageSize -> 200, Frame -> True, 
      ImagePadding -> 30]]}}], Paneled -> False, ContentSize -> {0}, 
 Frame -> False, Alignment -> Center, 
 AppearanceElements -> "ManipulateMenu", LocalizeVariables -> False, 
 BaseStyle -> {Background :> Dynamic@background}]
share|improve this answer
1  
The Background-> makes sense, given how Dynamic works. The Demonstrations editors might want the background of Manipulate to be the standard one. However if you want a nonstandard workaround, try BaseStyle -> {Background -> Dynamic@background$$} and LocalizeVariables -> True. Keep the local variable named background. The editors might not go for that, either. –  Michael E2 Dec 23 '12 at 6:07
1  
The $$ is tagged onto the end of local variables. So if you have a local variable {var, ..}, it will be store in the notebook as var$$. The variable itself is created when the front end instantiates the dynamic module; the symbol create in the kernel will have a name of the form var$$nnnn where nnnn is a unique number. Type ?FE`* and you'll see your Manipulate variables. –  Michael E2 Dec 23 '12 at 6:51
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